Abstract

A broadband superluminescent III–V-on-silicon light-emitting diode (LED) was realized. To achieve the large bandwidth, quantum well intermixing and multiple die bonding of InP on a silicon photonic waveguide circuit were combined for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The device consists of four sections with different bandgaps, centered around 1300, 1380, 1460, and 1540 nm. The fabricated LEDs were connected on-chip in a serial way, where the light generated in the smaller bandgap sections travels through the larger bandgap sections. By balancing the pump current in the four LEDs, we achieved 292 nm of 3 dB bandwidth and an on-chip power of 8dBm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Keyvaninia, S. Verstuyft, L. Van Landschoot, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, G. Duan, F. Lelarge, J. Fedeli, S. Messaoudene, T. De Vries, B. Smalbrugge, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, and M. Smit, Opt. Lett. 38, 5434 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).
  5. J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).
  6. A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Safioui, F. Leo, B. Kuyken, S.-P. Gorza, S. K. Selvaraja, R. Baets, P. Emplit, G. Roelkens, and S. Massar, Opt. Express 22, 3089 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. R. Jain, Y. Tang, H.-W. Chen, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 671 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H.-H. Chang, A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 15, 11466 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).
  11. D. Liang and J. Bowers, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1560 (2008).
  12. C. Zhang, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, M. J. Heck, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 22, 10202 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Davenport, M. Heck, and J. E. Bowers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JTu4A.25.
  14. J. Park and X. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2473 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

S. Keyvaninia, S. Verstuyft, L. Van Landschoot, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, G. Duan, F. Lelarge, J. Fedeli, S. Messaoudene, T. De Vries, B. Smalbrugge, E. Geluk, J. Bolk, and M. Smit, Opt. Lett. 38, 5434 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Bowers, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1560 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2001 (1)

F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).

2000 (2)

B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Baets, R.

Bauters, J. F.

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bolk, J.

Bornholdt, C.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Bowers, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1560 (2008).

Bowers, J. E.

C. Zhang, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, M. J. Heck, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 22, 10202 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Jain, Y. Tang, H.-W. Chen, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 671 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H.-H. Chang, A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 15, 11466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Davenport, M. Heck, and J. E. Bowers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JTu4A.25.

Chang, H.-H.

Chen, H.-W.

Cho, S.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Cohen, O.

Dagenais, M.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Davenport, M.

M. Davenport, M. Heck, and J. E. Bowers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JTu4A.25.

Davenport, M. L.

C. Zhang, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, M. J. Heck, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 22, 10202 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

De Vries, T.

Dobos, L.

F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).

Doylend, J. K.

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G.

Emplit, P.

Fang, A.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

Fedeli, J.

Geluk, E.

Gorza, S.-P.

Grote, N.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gubenko, A.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, I.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Heck, M.

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Davenport, M. Heck, and J. E. Bowers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JTu4A.25.

Heck, M. J.

Heim, P.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Hu, Y.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Jain, S.

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jain, S. R.

Johnson, F.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Jones, R.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H.-H. Chang, A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 15, 11466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keyvaninia, S.

Koch, B.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kovsh, A.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krestnikov, I.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurczveil, G.

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuyken, B.

Laih, L.-W.

B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).

Lelarge, F.

Leo, F.

Li, X.

Liang, D.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Bowers, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1560 (2008).

Lin, C.-F.

B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).

Liu, L.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Livshits, D.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Massar, S.

Maximov, M.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Messaoudene, S.

Mikhrin, S.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M. J.

Park, H.

Park, J.

Pelosi, C.

F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).

Raday, O.

Riesz, F.

F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).

Roelkens, G.

Safioui, J.

Selvaraja, S. K.

Shih, T.-T.

B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).

Smalbrugge, B.

Smit, M.

Song, J.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Srinivasan, S.

C. Zhang, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, M. J. Heck, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 22, 10202 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stone, D.

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

Sysak, M. N.

Tang, Y.

C. Zhang, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, M. J. Heck, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 22, 10202 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Jain, Y. Tang, H.-W. Chen, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 671 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Van Landschoot, L.

Van Thourhout, D.

Verstuyft, S.

Vignali, C.

F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).

Weimert, J.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

West, L.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wojcik, G.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.-R.

B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).

Yin, D.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zhukov, A.

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B.-R. Wu, C.-F. Lin, L.-W. Laih, and T.-T. Shih, Electron. Lett. 36, 2093 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 6100117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Song, S. Cho, I. Han, Y. Hu, P. Heim, F. Johnson, D. Stone, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 783 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

D. Liang and J. Bowers, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1560 (2008).

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

F. Riesz, L. Dobos, C. Vignali, and C. Pelosi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 80, 54 (2001).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Kovsh, A. Gubenko, I. Krestnikov, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, J. Weimert, L. West, G. Wojcik, D. Yin, C. Bornholdt, N. Grote, M. Maximov, and A. Zhukov, Proc. SPIE 6996, 69960V (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Davenport, M. Heck, and J. E. Bowers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Fundamental Science (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper JTu4A.25.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of the broadband LED. (a) 3D overview. (b) Cross section of the III–V-on-silicon waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Evolution of PL peak wavelength as a function of time of the different epitaxial layer stacks. (a) Epitaxial layer stack designed for 1380 nm. Anneal temperature is 700°C. (b) Epitaxial layer stack designed for 1540 nm. Anneal temperature is 725°C.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized PW data of two as-grown bands and shifted bandgaps. The two epitaxial layer stacks are identical except for the QWs. Those of Epi A are designed for 1380 nm, and those of Epi B for 1540 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

On-chip spectra of the depicted device. (a) Different sections pumped separately. We used dashed, dashed–dotted, solid, and dotted lines for the sections at 1300, 1380, 1460, and 1540 nm, respectively. (b) Balanced pumping to optimize the 3 dB bandwidth. The pumping currents were 70, 50, 300, and 140 mA for the sections at 1300, 1380, 1460, and 1540 nm, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Epitaxial Layer Stacks

Metrics