Abstract

We present an ultracompact (15.3 μm long) and high-efficiency silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator designed for polarization-diversified circuits. The rotator is comprised of a bilevel-tapered TM0-to-TE1 mode converter and a novel bent-tapered TE1-to-TE0 mode converter. The rotator has a simulated polarization conversion loss lower than 0.2 dB and a polarization-extinction ratio larger than 25 dB over a wavelength range of 80 nm around 1550 nm. The rotator has a SiO2 top-cladding and can be fabricated in a CMOS-compatible process.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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P. Dong, C. Xie, L. Chen, L. L. Buhl, and Y.-K. Chen, Opt. Express 20, B624 (2012).
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M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
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2011 (2)

2009 (1)

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W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and E. Pluk, Opt. Express 15, 1567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

2006 (1)

Y. Huang, G. Xu, and S.-T. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aamer, M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Baehr-Jones, T.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
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H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
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Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, C. Galland, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 1310 (2013).
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Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. Novack, R. Ding, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 29374 (2013).
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Baets, R.

Barwicz, T.

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L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Bergmen, K.

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

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Borel, P. I.

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Bowers, J. E.

Brimont, A.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

Caspers, J. N.

Chen, C. P.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Chen, L.

Chen, Q.

Chen, Y.-K.

Chi, N.

Chong, H.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D.

De La Rue, R. M.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

Ding, R.

Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. Novack, R. Ding, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 29374 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

Dong, P.

Dong, Z.

Dumon, P.

Fang, Q.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
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M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
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Gabrielli, L.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Galland, C.

Gan, F.

Gould, M.

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Guan, H.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, A. M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hakansson, A.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hochberg, M.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, C. Galland, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 1310 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. Novack, R. Ding, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 29374 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Huang, B.

Huang, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Jin, L.

Kartner, F. X.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Li, Q.

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Li, X.

Lim, A. E.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lim, A. E.-J.

Lipson, M.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Liu, Y.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Lo, G.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lo, G.-Q.

Luo, L.-W.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. Novack, R. Ding, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 29374 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Mikkelsen, J. C.

Mojahedi, M.

Niu, B.

Novack, A.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. Novack, R. Ding, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 29374 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Ophir, N.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Ou, H.

Padmaraju, K.

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Peucheret, C.

Pluk, E.

Poitras, C. B.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Poon, J. K. S.

Popovic, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Qi, M.

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Roelkens, G.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Van Laere, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ros, F. D.

Sacher, W. D.

Sánchez, L.

Sanchis, P.

L. Sánchez and P. Sanchis, Opt. Lett. 38, 2842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Z.

Shi, R.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Smith, H. I.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Socci, L.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Streshinsky, M.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Y. Liu, Q. Fang, A. E. Lim, G. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 925 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 22, 2489 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and E. Pluk, Opt. Express 15, 1567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Taylor, B. J. F.

Van Laere, F.

Van Thourhout, D.

Vermeulen, D.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

Watts, M. R.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).

Wen, L.

Wu, A.

Xie, C.

Xu, G.

Y. Huang, G. Xu, and S.-T. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, S.-T.

Y. Huang, G. Xu, and S.-T. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Yang, Y.

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Yu, J.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, C. Galland, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 1310 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, S. Yang, A. Novack, R. Ding, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, Opt. Express 21, 29374 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

Zou, S.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Hakansson, and P. Sanchis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2031 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

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Other (1)

A. Novack, Y. Liu, R. Ding, M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, K. Padmaraju, K. Bergmen, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, and M. Hochberg, IEEE 10th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2013), pp. 7–8.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the PR, consisting of a bilevel taper and a bent taper. The PR is surrounded by a symmetric SiO2 cladding (a buried oxide bottom-cladding and a SiO2 top-cladding).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Schematic of the bilevel taper (top view). The taper geometry is defined by spline interpolation of W0 to W10. (b) Simulated power distribution at 1550 nm wavelength and (c) simulated PCE.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Schematic of the bent-tapered TE1-to-TE0 mode converter (top view), (b) simulated power distribution at 1550 nm wavelength, and (c) simulated PCE.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Simulated power distribution at 1550 nm wavelength. The input TM0 mode is launched from the left port, and the TE0 mode comes out from the right port. (b) Simulated polarization-conversion loss (PCL) and (c) simulated ER of the entire PR.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Simulated PCL at 1550 nm versus fabrication deviation. The height of the partially etched slab is in red. The width of unetched ridge the waveguide is shown in blue. The width of the partially etched slab is shown in green.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Taper Width in nm

Tables Icon

Table 2. Converter Width in nm

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