Abstract

We propose an all-fiber mode-locking device, which operates based on nonlinear switching in a novel two-concentric-core fiber structure. The design is particularly attractive given the ease of fabrication and coupling to other components in a mode-locked fiber laser cavity. The nonlinear switching in this coupler is studied, and the relative power transmission is obtained. The analysis shows that this nonlinear switch is practical for mode-locking fiber lasers and is forgiving to fabrication errors.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

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2000 (2)

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Lenz, J. Zimmermann, T. Katsufuji, M. E. Lines, H. Y. Hwang, S. Spälter, R. E. Slusher, S.-W. Cheong, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett. 25, 254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
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1983 (1)

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[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

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[CrossRef]

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1580 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K.

Aggarwal, I. D.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Elsevier, 2013).

Aitken, B. G.

Auguste, J.-L.

F. Gérôme, J.-L. Auguste, J. Maury, J.-M. Blondy, and J. Marcou, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 442 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baker, N. J.

Bedoya, A. C.

Blondy, J.-M.

F. Gérôme, J.-L. Auguste, J. Maury, J.-M. Blondy, and J. Marcou, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 442 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
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Boucouvalas, A. C.

J. R. Cozens and A. C. Boucouvalas, Electron. Lett. 18, 138 (1982).
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Büttner, T. F. S.

Chao, Q.

Q. Chao, D. D. Hudson, J. N. Kutz, and S. T. Cundiff, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheong, S.-W.

Choi, D. Y.

Chong, A.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Clapeau, M.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cozens, J. R.

J. R. Cozens and A. C. Boucouvalas, Electron. Lett. 18, 138 (1982).
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Currie, S. C.

Dussardier, B.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

Eggleton, B. J.

Finsterbusch, K.

Freeman, M. J.

Friberg, S. R.

Fu, L.

Gérôme, F.

Ghatak, A. K.

K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goyal, I. C.

K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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A. Zakery and M. Hatami, J. Phys. D 40, 1010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Horak, P.

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Hwang, H. Y.

Islam, M. N.

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[CrossRef]

Jindal, R.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Katsufuji, T.

Kuditcher, A.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Kutz, J. N.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lee, D. J.

Lenahan, T. A.

T. A. Lenahan, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 2663 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

Lines, M. E.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Mafi, A.

Mägi, E. C.

Marcou, J.

F. Gérôme, J.-L. Auguste, J. Maury, J.-M. Blondy, and J. Marcou, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 442 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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McCarthy, J. E.

Monnom, G.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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E. Nazemosadat and A. Mafi, Opt. Express 21, 30739 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Nazemosadat and A. Mafi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 1357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Nazemosadat and A. Mafi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 2787 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Nazemosadat and A. Mafi, “Design considerations for multi-core optical fibers in nonlinear switching and mode-locking applications,” arXiv:1405.1368 (2014).

Nguyen, H. C.

Nolan, D. A.

Ostrowsky, D. B.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pal, B. P.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Powley, M. L.

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Salvin, C.

Sanghera, J. S.

Schibli, T. R.

Schülzgen, A.

Sfez, B. G.

Shish, K.

Silberberg, Y.

Slusher, R. E.

Smith, P. S.

Spälter, S.

Ta’eed, V.

Taeed, V. G.

Taunay, T.

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007).

Terry, F. L.

Thyagarajan, K.

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Varshney, R. K.

K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Walton, D. T.

Weiner, A. M.

Winful, H. G.

Wise, F.

Xia, C.

Zakery, A.

A. Zakery and M. Hatami, J. Phys. D 40, 1010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, J.

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

T. A. Lenahan, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 62, 2663 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J.-L. Auguste, R. Jindal, J.-M. Blondy, M. Clapeau, J. Marcou, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, D. B. Ostrowsky, B. P. Pal, and K. Thyagarajan, Electron. Lett. 36, 1689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cozens and A. C. Boucouvalas, Electron. Lett. 18, 138 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1580 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Q. Chao, D. D. Hudson, J. N. Kutz, and S. T. Cundiff, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Thyagarajan, R. K. Varshney, P. Palai, A. K. Ghatak, and I. C. Goyal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1510 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D (1)

A. Zakery and M. Hatami, J. Phys. D 40, 1010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Elsevier, 2013).

E. Nazemosadat and A. Mafi, “Design considerations for multi-core optical fibers in nonlinear switching and mode-locking applications,” arXiv:1405.1368 (2014).

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007).

“Specification sheet for product AMTIR-2” (Amorphous Materials Inc., 2009). http://www.amorphousmaterials.com .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Cross-sectional view and the refractive index profile of the fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

All-fiber nonlinear switching device composed of a TCC coupler placed in between two SMFs.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized input and output pulse shapes for a pulse width of T0=1.763t0=1ns. The input peak power is 5 kW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relative power transmission is plotted as a function of the input peak power for different pulse widths.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E(x,y,z,t)=μ=1,2Aμ(z,t)Fμ(x,y)ei(ω0tβ0,μz),
Aμz=α2Aμ+iδβ0,μAμδβ1,μAμtiβ2,μ22Aμt2+i(n2ω0c)ν,κ,ρ=1,2fμνκρAνAκAρ*,μ=1,2.
fμνκρ=dxdyFμ*FνFκFρ*,
τ=+|Ac(Lc,t)|2dt+(|A1(0,t)|2+|A2(0,t)|2)dt,
Ac(z,t)=A1(z,t)Fc*F1dxdy+A2(z,t)Fc*F2dxdy.

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