Abstract

A high-power thulium (Tm)-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting a record compressed average output power of 152 W and 4 MW peak power is demonstrated. This result is enabled by utilizing Tm-doped photonic crystal fibers with mode-field diameters of 35 μm, which mitigate detrimental nonlinearities, exhibit slope efficiencies of more than 50%, and allow for reaching a pump-power-limited average output power of 241 W. The high-compression efficiency has been achieved by using multilayer dielectric gratings with diffraction efficiencies higher than 98%.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 861 (2013).

R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, T. M. Monro, and M. Richardson, Appl. Phys. B 111, 299 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 3616 (2013).

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 1798 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Gaida, M. Gebhardt, P. Kadwani, L. Leick, J. Broeng, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 38, 691 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

2008

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2001

B. Shan and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Arpin, P.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benkenstein, T.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Chang, Z.

B. Shan and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.-C.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chipperfield, L.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Demmler, S.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Fuchs, F.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gaida, C.

Gebhardt, M.

Gerrity, M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ghatak, A.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1998).

Hädrich, S.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Harzendorf, T.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Haxsen, F.

Jackson, S.

S. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

Jansen, F.

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4546 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

Jauregui, C.

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 861 (2013).

F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4546 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

Kadwani, P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

Kley, E.-B.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Krebs, M.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Leick, L.

Leveille, R.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Limpert, J.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 861 (2013).

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4546 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

Liu, J.

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 1798 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 3616 (2013).

Majid, I.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Michaelis, D.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Modsching, N.

Monro, T. M.

R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, T. M. Monro, and M. Richardson, Appl. Phys. B 111, 299 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Moulton, P.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Murnane, M. M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

Oliva, M.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Otto, H.-J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

Popmintchev, D.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popmintchev, T.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

Rines, G.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Rothhardt, J.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Seaberg, M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Shan, B.

B. Shan and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sims, R.

Sims, R. A.

R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, T. M. Monro, and M. Richardson, Appl. Phys. B 111, 299 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stutzki, F.

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4546 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

Sudesh, V.

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tankala, K.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Thyagarajan, K.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1998).

Toncelli, A.

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tonelly, M.

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 861 (2013).

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4546 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

Turri, G.

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wan, P.

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 3616 (2013).

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 1798 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Wienke, A.

Yang, L.

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 3616 (2013).

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 1798 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zair, A.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zeitner, U. D.

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A

U. D. Zeitner, M. Oliva, F. Fuchs, D. Michaelis, T. Benkenstein, T. Harzendorf, and E.-B. Kley, Appl. Phys. A 109, 789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, T. M. Monro, and M. Richardson, Appl. Phys. B 111, 299 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelly, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 861 (2013).

S. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zair, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 3616 (2013).

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 1798 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

B. Shan and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Other

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1998).

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Designing advanced very-large mode area fibers for power scaling of fiber laser systems,” Optica, submitted for publication.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the Tm-doped fiber CPA system consisting of a fiber oscillator, two isolators, two fiber amplifiers, stretcher, and compressor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum of the oscillator, the uncompressed and compressed signal at the highest power level.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Slope of the main amplifier showing the fiber output power (black), the uncompressed power right before the compressor (green), and the compressed output power (red). The insets show the beam profiles for uncompressed powers of 126 and 241 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of the polarization extinction ratio and compression efficiency for increasing uncompressed power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation trace of the pulses with compressed average output powers of 12 and 152 W.

Metrics