Abstract

We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of a 2 μm Brillouin laser based on a thulium-doped fiber pump and a chalcogenide fiber. A short 1.5 m piece of suspended-core chalcogenide As38Se62 fiber is employed as a gain medium, taking advantage of its small effective mode area and high Brillouin gain coefficient. A record-low lasing threshold of 52 mW is achieved, which is about 10 times lower than previously demonstrated in silica fiber cavities.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2003).
  2. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 7, 509 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Preussler, A. Wiatrek, K. Jamshidi, and T. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1118 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Shen, X. Zhang, and K. Chen, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1860 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Wang, B. Zhou, C. Shu, and S. He, Opt. Lett. 36, 427 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).
  12. X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).
  13. Y. Luo, Y. Tang, J. Yang, Y. Wang, S. Wang, K. Tao, L. Zhan, and J. Xu, Opt. Lett. 39, 2626 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Abedin and S. Kazi, Opt. Express 13, 10266 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Nonlinear, Opt. Phys. Mat. 23, 1450001 (2014).
  16. C. G. Poulton, R. Pant, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 2657 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, D. Choi, H. Mcfarlane, S. Hile, E. Li, L. Thevenaz, B. Luther-Davies, S. J. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 19, 8285 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Tow, Y. Léguillon, P. Besnard, L. Brilland, J. Troles, P. Toupin, D. Méchin, D. Trégoat, and S. Molin, Opt. Lett. 37, 1157 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, D. Choi, S. Debbarma, B. Luther-Davies, S. J. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 38, 3208 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 21, 9289 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).
  22. T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. K. H. Tow, Y. Léguillon, S. Fresnel, P. Besnard, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, D. Trégoat, J. Troles, and P. Toupin, Opt. Express 20, B104 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (3)

I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Nonlinear, Opt. Phys. Mat. 23, 1450001 (2014).

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, Y. Tang, J. Yang, Y. Wang, S. Wang, K. Tao, L. Zhan, and J. Xu, Opt. Lett. 39, 2626 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2009 (1)

M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1976 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Alam, S. U.

Besnard, P.

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Brilland, L.

Büttner, T. F. S.

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Carlsten, J. L.

K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).

Chen, K.

Chodorow, M.

Choi, D.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Debbarma, S.

Debut, A.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fresnel, S.

He, S.

Heidt, A. M.

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hile, S.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D. D.

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jamshidi, K.

S. Preussler, A. Wiatrek, K. Jamshidi, and T. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Judge, A. C.

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Kabakova, I. V.

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Nonlinear, Opt. Phys. Mat. 23, 1450001 (2014).

I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, D. Choi, S. Debbarma, B. Luther-Davies, S. J. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 38, 3208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kazi, S.

Kosterev, A. A.

R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Léguillon, Y.

Lewicki, R.

R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, E.

Li, Z.

Luo, Y.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S. J.

Mcfarlane, H.

Méchin, D.

Melton, C.

K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).

Molin, S.

Nonlinear, J.

I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Nonlinear, Opt. Phys. Mat. 23, 1450001 (2014).

Pant, R.

Poulton, C. G.

Preussler, S.

S. Preussler, A. Wiatrek, K. Jamshidi, and T. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Repasky, K. S.

K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).

Richardson, D. J.

Schneider, T.

S. Preussler, A. Wiatrek, K. Jamshidi, and T. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shaw, J. A.

K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).

Shen, Y.

Shu, C.

Si, L.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).

Spangler, L. H.

K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).

Stokes, L. F.

Tang, Y.

Tao, K.

Thevenaz, L.

Tittel, F. K.

R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toupin, P.

Tow, K.

Tow, K. H.

Trégoat, D.

Troles, J.

Walsh, M.

M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).

Wang, Y.

Wiatrek, A.

S. Preussler, A. Wiatrek, K. Jamshidi, and T. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Nonlinear, Opt. Phys. Mat. 23, 1450001 (2014).

Wysocki, G.

R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).

Xu, J.

Yang, J.

Zemmouri, J.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

Zhang, X.

Zhou, B.

Zhou, P.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Lewicki, G. Wysocki, A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 87, 157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Preussler, A. Wiatrek, K. Jamshidi, and T. Schneider, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1118 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. (1)

M. Walsh, Laser Phys. 19, 855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Phys. Mat. (1)

I. V. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Nonlinear, Opt. Phys. Mat. 23, 1450001 (2014).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (1)

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, C. G. Poulton, A. C. Judge, and B. J. Eggleton, Sci. Rep. 4, 5032 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

K. S. Repasky, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, J. A. Shaw, and L. H. Spangler, in Proceedings of the Carbon Sequestration Conference (2005).

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, IEEE Photon. J.6 (2014).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

2 μm BFL setup. Inset shows the cross section of the suspended-core chalcogenide fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Stokes laser output with different Brillouin pump levels, from 51 to 81 mW. (b) Output spectra with 76 mW pump, when the ring cavity is broken and feedback is absent (red), compared to when the cavity ring is connected (black).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Stokes power versus coupled pump power (squares) for (a) 1.5 m chalcogenide fiber setup, and (b) 140 m silica SMF setup, both with linear fitting (dashed).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Frequency domain measurement of the beat signal between Brillouin pump and laser. Resolution is 100 kHz.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

PthSBS21Aeff·2gBLeff,whereLeff=1eα·Lα.
Pthcavity2AeffgB·Leffπ2F2,whereF=πR1R.
Δνs=ΔνpK2,whereK=1+π·ΔνBcnL·lnR.

Metrics