Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate an order of magnitude enhancement in the quasi-continuous-wave radiated power from a photomixer with plasmonic contact electrodes in comparison with an analogous conventional photomixer without plasmonic contact electrodes in the 0.25–2.5 THz frequency range when pumped at an optical wavelength of 1550 nm. The significant efficiency enhancement results from the unique capability of the plasmonic contact electrodes to reduce the average transport path of photocarriers to the device contact electrodes, increasing the ultrafast photocurrent that drives the terahertz antenna.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Liu, X. Shou, and A. Nahata, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 412 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. S.-G. Park, Y. Choi, Y.-J. Oh, and K.-H. Jeong, Opt. Express 20, 25530 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Express 21, 17221 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Plasmonically-enhanced localization of light into photoconductive antennas,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, May16–21, 2010.
  7. C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Ultrafast photoconductors based on plasmonic gratings,” in International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, Houston, Texas, October2–7, 2011.
  8. C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, New J. Phys. 14, 105029 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081122 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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  13. J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Huo, G. W. Taylor, and R. Bansal, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 23, 819 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  20. E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. B.-Y. Hsieh and M. Jarrahi, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 084326 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. S.-H. Yang and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Lett. 38, 3677 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. Z. D. Taylor, E. R. Brown, and J. E. Bjarnason, Opt. Lett. 31, 1729 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  28. C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 33, 1182 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  29. E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  30. I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081122 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Express 21, 17221 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Yang and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Lett. 38, 3677 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 33, 1182 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, New J. Phys. 14, 105029 (2012).
[Crossref]

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

S.-G. Park, Y. Choi, Y.-J. Oh, and K.-H. Jeong, Opt. Express 20, 25530 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, X. Shou, and A. Nahata, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 412 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

B.-Y. Hsieh and M. Jarrahi, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 084326 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Taylor, E. R. Brown, and J. E. Bjarnason, Opt. Lett. 31, 1729 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Y. Huo, G. W. Taylor, and R. Bansal, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 23, 819 (2002).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

E. R. Brown, F. W. Smith, and K. A. McIntosh, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1480 (1993).

Ahn, J.

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

Akalin, T.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baker, C.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bansal, R.

Y. Huo, G. W. Taylor, and R. Bansal, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 23, 819 (2002).
[Crossref]

Beck, A.

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Berry, C. W.

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081122 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 33, 1182 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, New J. Phys. 14, 105029 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Ultrafast photoconductors based on plasmonic gratings,” in International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, Houston, Texas, October2–7, 2011.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Plasmonically-enhanced localization of light into photoconductive antennas,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, May16–21, 2010.

Bigourd, D.

Bjarnason, J.

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bjarnason, J. E.

E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Taylor, E. R. Brown, and J. E. Bjarnason, Opt. Lett. 31, 1729 (2006).
[Crossref]

Blary, K.

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bradley, I. V.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Brown, E. R.

Z. D. Taylor, E. R. Brown, and J. E. Bjarnason, Opt. Lett. 31, 1729 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. R. Brown, F. W. Smith, and K. A. McIntosh, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1480 (1993).

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chan, J.

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chimot, N.

Choi, Y.

Coinon, C.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

Crozat, P.

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
[Crossref]

Darcie, T. E.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Davies, A. G.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dohler, G. H.

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, D.

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, D. C.

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ducournau, G.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

Evans, M. J.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fertein, E.

Gordon, R.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gossard, A. C.

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gregory, I. S.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hanson, M.

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hashemi, M. R.

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081122 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Express 21, 17221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heshmat, B.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hindle, F.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, B.-Y.

B.-Y. Hsieh and M. Jarrahi, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 084326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huo, Y.

Y. Huo, G. W. Taylor, and R. Bansal, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 23, 819 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jarrahi, M.

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081122 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Express 21, 17221 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Yang and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Lett. 38, 3677 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 33, 1182 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, New J. Phys. 14, 105029 (2012).
[Crossref]

B.-Y. Hsieh and M. Jarrahi, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 084326 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Ultrafast photoconductors based on plasmonic gratings,” in International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, Houston, Texas, October2–7, 2011.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Plasmonically-enhanced localization of light into photoconductive antennas,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, May16–21, 2010.

Jeong, K.-H.

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

S.-G. Park, Y. Choi, Y.-J. Oh, and K.-H. Jeong, Opt. Express 20, 25530 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin, K. H.

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kordos, P.

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lampin, J. F.

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lampin, J.-F.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, A. W. M.

E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lepilliet, S.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lewis, R. B.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Linfield, E. H.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, X. Shou, and A. Nahata, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Loata, G. C.

G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Löffler, T.

G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lourtioz, J. M.

Maker, P.

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

Malzer, S.

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mangeney, J.

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marso, M.

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Masnadi-Shirazi, M.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

McIntosh, K. A.

E. R. Brown, F. W. Smith, and K. A. McIntosh, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1480 (1993).

Merigault, A.

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Michael, E. A.

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mikulics, M.

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Missous, M.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mouret, G.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, G. Mouret, D. Bigourd, and E. Fertein, Opt. Express 14, 1856 (2006).
[Crossref]

Muller, R.

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

Muller, R. E.

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nahata, A.

S. Liu, X. Shou, and A. Nahata, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Navi, B. S.

E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oh, Y.-J.

Pahlevaninezhad, H.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pang, Y.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-G.

S.-G. Park, Y. Choi, Y.-J. Oh, and K.-H. Jeong, Opt. Express 20, 25530 (2012).
[Crossref]

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peytavi, E.

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peytavit, E.

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

Platzman, P. M.

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Preu, S.

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Roskos, H. G.

G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schieder, R.

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shen, J. T.

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shen, J.-T.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shin, H.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shou, X.

S. Liu, X. Shou, and A. Nahata, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 412 (2011).
[Crossref]

Smith, F. W.

E. R. Brown, F. W. Smith, and K. A. McIntosh, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1480 (1993).

Sukhotin, M.

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

Taylor, G. W.

Y. Huo, G. W. Taylor, and R. Bansal, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 23, 819 (2002).
[Crossref]

Taylor, Z. D.

Thomson, M. D.

G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tiedje, T.

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tribe, W. R.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

Unlu, M.

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

Veronis, G.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vowinkel, B.

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. J.

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, N.

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Opt. Express 21, 17221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.-H.

Ye, J. C.

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yi, M.

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zerounian, N.

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

S.-G. Park, K. H. Jin, M. Yi, J. C. Ye, J. Ahn, and K.-H. Jeong, ACS Nano 6, 2026 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

J. Bjarnason, J. Chan, A. W. M. Lee, E. R. Brown, D. C. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, and R. E. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3983 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Peytavit, S. Lepilliet, F. Hindle, C. Coinon, T. Akalin, G. Ducournau, G. Mouret, and J.-F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 223508 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. A. Michael, B. Vowinkel, R. Schieder, M. Mikulics, M. Marso, and P. Kordos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111120 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Mangeney, A. Merigault, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241102 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Sukhotin, E. R. Brown, A. C. Gossard, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, P. Maker, and R. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3116 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, and M. Jarrahi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 081122 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. C. Loata, M. D. Thomson, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232506 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Peytavi, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, F. Hindle, C. Yang, and G. Mouret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111108 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 717 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Liu, X. Shou, and A. Nahata, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 412 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

B.-Y. Hsieh and M. Jarrahi, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 084326 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Preu, G. H. Dohler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. R. Brown, F. W. Smith, and K. A. McIntosh, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1480 (1993).

J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves (2)

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 33, 1182 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Huo, G. W. Taylor, and R. Bansal, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz Waves 23, 819 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Visualized Exp. (1)

C. W. Berry, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, J. Visualized Exp. 77, e50517 (2013).
[Crossref]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. R. Brown, A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Navi, and J. E. Bjarnason, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 524 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

B. Heshmat, H. Pahlevaninezhad, Y. Pang, M. Masnadi-Shirazi, R. B. Lewis, T. Tiedje, R. Gordon, and T. E. Darcie, Nano Lett. 12, 6255 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, New J. Phys. 14, 105029 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Plasmonically-enhanced localization of light into photoconductive antennas,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, May16–21, 2010.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Ultrafast photoconductors based on plasmonic gratings,” in International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, Houston, Texas, October2–7, 2011.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the (a) plasmonic photomixer and (b) the analogous conventional photomixer used in this study.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Microscope and SEM images of the plasmonic and conventional photomixers fabricated on an ErAs:InGaAs substrate. (b) Radiated terahertz power from the photomixer with plasmonic contact electrode in comparison with the comparable conventional photomixer without plasmonic contact electrodes at an average optical pump power of 100 mW, bias voltage of 3 V, and pump duty cycle of 2%.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Relative power enhancement factor defined as the ratio between the radiated power from the plasmonic photomixer and the conventional photomixer at 1 THz as a function of the optical pump power. Radiated terahertz power within each continuous-wave radiation cycle from the plasmonic photomixer at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 THz, as a function of (b) optical pump power and (c) optical pump duty cycle.

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