Abstract

Efficient guided laser oscillation in the visible spectral region is demonstrated with praseodymium-doped YLiF4 layers grown by liquid phase epitaxy. By exciting Pr3+ ions at 479.2 nm with an optically pumped semiconductor laser, maximum slope efficiencies of 40% at 639 nm and 32% at 604 nm are obtained in a cw regime. Green laser oscillation at 522.5 nm, in a quasi-cw regime, with an average output power of 66 mW, is demonstrated for the first time, to our knowledge, in a crystalline fluoride epitaxial waveguide. Furthermore, a record efficiency of 60% at 639 nm in the quasi-cw regime is reported.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
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P. W. Sullivan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 190 (1984).
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T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
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E. Daran, D. P. Shepherd, T. Bhutta, and C. Serrano, Electron. Lett. 35, 398 (1999).
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Braud, A.

Bretenaker, F.

Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
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[CrossRef]

Cai, Z.

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J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Calmano, T.

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R. F. C. Farrow, P. W. Sullivan, G. M. Williams, G. R. Jones, and D. C. Cameron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 19, 415 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

Cantelar, E.

E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, and G. Lifante, Opt. Mater. 34, 555 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chardon, A. M.

T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dantelle, G.

Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Daran, E.

T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Daran, D. P. Shepherd, T. Bhutta, and C. Serrano, Electron. Lett. 35, 398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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R. F. C. Farrow, P. W. Sullivan, G. M. Williams, G. R. Jones, and D. C. Cameron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 19, 415 (1981).
[CrossRef]

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Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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W. P. Risk, T. R. Gosnell, and A. V. Nurmikko, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (Cambridge, 2003).

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Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, N. O.

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A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Oustromov, and W. Seelert, Opt. Express 15, 5172 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Jaque, D.

E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, and G. Lifante, Opt. Mater. 34, 555 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jones, G. R.

R. F. C. Farrow, P. W. Sullivan, G. M. Williams, G. R. Jones, and D. C. Cameron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 19, 415 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Känkel, C.

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lifante, G.

E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, and G. Lifante, Opt. Mater. 34, 555 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marzahl, D.-T.

Ménard, V.

Metz, P.

Metz, P. W.

Moncorgé, R.

Mortier, M.

Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Müller, S.

Muñoz-Yagüe, A.

T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
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J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rademaker, K.

E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reichert, F.

Richter, A.

Risk, W. P.

W. P. Risk, T. R. Gosnell, and A. V. Nurmikko, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (Cambridge, 2003).

Rogin, P.

Seelert, W.

A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Oustromov, and W. Seelert, Opt. Express 15, 5172 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Serrano, C.

T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Daran, D. P. Shepherd, T. Bhutta, and C. Serrano, Electron. Lett. 35, 398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Daran, D. P. Shepherd, T. Bhutta, and C. Serrano, Electron. Lett. 35, 398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Starecki, F.

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, P. W.

P. W. Sullivan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 190 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. F. C. Farrow, P. W. Sullivan, G. M. Williams, G. R. Jones, and D. C. Cameron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 19, 415 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Tien, P. K.

Ulrich, R.

Williams, G. M.

R. F. C. Farrow, P. W. Sullivan, G. M. Williams, G. R. Jones, and D. C. Cameron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 19, 415 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. W. Sullivan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 190 (1984).
[CrossRef]

E. Heumann, S. Bär, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

E. Daran, D. P. Shepherd, T. Bhutta, and C. Serrano, Electron. Lett. 35, 398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.

Ph. Goldner, O. Guillot-Nöel, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 37, 161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Bhutta, A. M. Chardon, D. P. Shepherd, E. Daran, C. Serrano, and A. Muñoz-Yagüe, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Vac. Sci. Technol.

R. F. C. Farrow, P. W. Sullivan, G. M. Williams, G. R. Jones, and D. C. Cameron, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 19, 415 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

E. Cantelar, D. Jaque, and G. Lifante, Opt. Mater. 34, 555 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

F. Starecki, W. Bolaños, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, Proc. SPIE 8599, 859902 (2013).

Other

W. P. Risk, T. R. Gosnell, and A. V. Nurmikko, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (Cambridge, 2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Waveguide laser setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser characteristics of the LiY0.915Gd0.035Lu0.047Pr0.003F4 epitaxial waveguide at (a) 639 nm and (b) 604 nm in the cw regime.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Near-field intensity profile of the orange guided laser mode.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

LiY0.915Gd0.035Lu0.047Pr0.003F4 epitaxial waveguide laser operating in quasi-cw at 522.5 nm. (a) Average output power as a function of the absorbed power. (b) Photograph of the cavity. A short-pass filter (λcut-off=550nm) was placed in between the output coupler and an achromatic lens used to collimate the output signal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Quasi-cw red laser characterization of the LiY0.915Gd0.035Lu0.047Pr0.003F4 epitaxial waveguide.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Refractive Indices of LiY0.915Gd0.035Lu0.047Pr0.003F4 Layer and YLF Substratea

Tables Icon

Table 2. Measured Transmission of the Different Mirrors Used to Characterize the Visible Waveguide Lasersa

Metrics