Abstract

Edge extraction using a time-varying vortex beam (TV-VB) is demonstrated in optical scanning holography (OSH) operating in an incoherent mode. OSH is a two-pupil heterodyne scanning optical system. We propose that one of the pupil functions used is a delta function and the other pupil function is a spiral phase plate (SPP). The interference of these pupils creates a TV-VB to scan over an object to record the edge-only information of an object holographically. We also find that a reconstructed edge with better contrast is achieved by translating the SPP away from the pupil plane. Experimental results are compared with computer simulations and found to be in good agreement.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

S. B. Wei, S. W. Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan, J. Opt. 13, 105704 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

G. Situ, M. Warber, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, Opt. Commun. 283, 1273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xin, K. Dobson, Y. Shinoda, and T.-C. Poon, Opt. Lett. 35, 2934 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

T.-C. Poon, Nat. Photonics 2, 131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, Nat. Photonics 2, 190 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

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2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

T. C. Poon, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, Proc. IEEE 84, 753 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Almazov, A. A.

Bouchal, P.

Bouchal, Z.

Brooker, G.

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, Nat. Photonics 2, 190 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, Opt. Lett. 32, 912 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Burge, R. E.

Cao, W.

Chen, J.

Cheng, X.

Ding, J.

Ding, J.-P.

Dobson, K.

Doh, K. B.

Elfstrom, H.

Fang, Z. L.

Guo, C.-S.

Han, Y.-J.

Hu, A.

Indebetouw, G.

Jia, W.

Kang, H.

Khonina, S. N.

Kim, M. K.

M. K. Kim, Opt. Photon. News 24(12), 27 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

Kim, Y. S.

Kotlyar, V. V.

Lam, E. Y.

Leacock, J.

G. Indebetouw, Y. Tada, and J. Leacock, Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 63 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Osten, W.

G. Situ, M. Warber, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, Opt. Commun. 283, 1273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

Pedrini, G.

G. Situ, M. Warber, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, Opt. Commun. 283, 1273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Situ, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1788 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poon, T. C.

T. C. Poon, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, Proc. IEEE 84, 753 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Poon, T.-C.

Ren, X.-Y.

Rosen, J.

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, Nat. Photonics 2, 190 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, Opt. Lett. 32, 912 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, B. W.

Shinoda, K.

Shinoda, Y.

Situ, G.

G. Situ, M. Warber, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, Opt. Commun. 283, 1273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Situ, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1788 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soifer, V. A.

Suzuki, Y.

Tada, Y.

G. Indebetouw, Y. Tada, and J. Leacock, Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 63 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, S. H.

Turunen, J.

Vo, H.

Wang, H.-T.

Wang, S.

Warber, M.

G. Situ, M. Warber, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, Opt. Commun. 283, 1273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wei, S. B.

S. B. Wei, S. W. Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan, J. Opt. 13, 105704 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Woo, S. S.

Wu, J.

Wu, M. H.

Xin, Z.

Xu, J.-B.

Yu, J.

Yuan, X.-C.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, X.

Zhou, C.

Zhu, S. W.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Biomed. Eng. Online (1)

G. Indebetouw, Y. Tada, and J. Leacock, Biomed. Eng. Online 5, 63 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

S. B. Wei, S. W. Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan, J. Opt. 13, 105704 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

T.-C. Poon, Nat. Photonics 2, 131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Rosen and G. Brooker, Nat. Photonics 2, 190 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Situ, M. Warber, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, Opt. Commun. 283, 1273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

M. K. Kim, Opt. Photon. News 24(12), 27 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Res. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. C. Poon, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, Proc. IEEE 84, 753 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T.-C. Poon, Optical Scanning Holography with MATLAB, 1st ed. (Springer, 2007).

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MP4 (205 KB)     
» Media 2: MP4 (746 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

OSH system setup. BS1 and BS2, beam splitter; AOM1 and AOM2, acousto-optic modulators; SPP, spiral phase plate; M1 and M2, silver mirrors; M3, x-y scanning mirror; PD1 and PD2, photodectectors; ADC, analog-to-digital converter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Object. The dotted line shows the 1D original signal used in the comparison of edge extraction performances in Fig. 6. (b) TV-VB (Media 1) used to scan the object to obtain the edge information of an object holographically.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Snap shot of TV-VB (simulation). Fine fringes are seen within the spiral (Media 2).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Recording is performed when the spiral phase filter is on the pupil plane, i.e., d=0mm. (a) In-phase hologram, HI, of Fig 2(a); (b) quadrature hologram, HQ, of Fig. 2(a); (c) reconstruction from the complex hologram HC=HI+jHQ; and (d) numerical simulation result.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Recording is performed when the spiral phase filter is away from the pupil plane, i.e., d=130mm. (a) In-phase hologram, HI, of Fig. 2(a); (b) quadrature holograms, HQ, of Fig. 2(a); (c) reconstruction from the complex hologram; and (d) numerical simulation result.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Normalized intensities of the line trace across the reconstructed images in Figs. 4(d) and 5(d), where the red solid line represents the case when the SPP is not exactly on the pupil plane and the blue dashed line shows the result when the phase plate is on the pupil plane. The position of the line trace is shown in Fig. 2(a) with the dotted line over the original image.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Photograph of the Einstein transparency; (b) reconstruction from standard OSH; (c) reconstruction from TV-VB scanned gray scale image when d=130mm, illustrating edge extraction.

Equations (1)

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HC=F1{F{|Γ0(x,y;z)|2}exp[jz2k0(kx2+ky2)]×p1*(fk0kx,fk0ky)},

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