Abstract

In this Letter, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel access network architecture using hybrid integrated W-band wireless and free-space optical (FSO) links with orbital angular momentum (OAM) multiplexing. The transmission of a 20 GBd quadrature phase-shift keying signal modulated over 10 OAM modes has been demonstrated over a 0.6 m FSO link and a 0.4 m W-band wireless link at 100 GHz. The experimental results show that the architecture can support future ultrahigh-capacity, converged optical–wireless access networks that require extra bandwidth and system flexibility in mobile data networks.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Yu, G. K. Chang, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, Y. T. Hsueh, W. Jian, C. Liu, and Z. Dong, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2376 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
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  3. X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 780 (2013).
  5. A. E. Willner, “Orbital angular momentum transmission,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications, London, UK (2013), paper Mo.4.A.1.
  6. J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Zhang, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, L. Tao, X. Li, and Y. Shao, Opt. Lett. 37, 4050 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 780 (2013).

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, L. Tao, X. Li, and Y. Shao, Opt. Lett. 37, 4050 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

2008

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

1992

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, N.

Ahmed, Ni.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

Chi, N.

Chien, H. C.

Chowdhury, A.

Courtial, J.

Dolinar, S.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

Fazall, I. M.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Franke-Arnold, S.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G.

Hsueh, Y. T.

Huang, H.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

Jack, B.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Jian, W.

Li, X.

Liu, C.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Y.

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tao, L.

Tur, M.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Willner, “Orbital angular momentum transmission,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications, London, UK (2013), paper Mo.4.A.1.

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Yue, Y.

Y. Yan, Y. Yue, H. Huang, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, M. Tur, S. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 38, 3930 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 780 (2013).

J. Zhang, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, L. Tao, X. Li, and Y. Shao, Opt. Lett. 37, 4050 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 780 (2013).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazall, Ni. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. E. Willner, “Orbital angular momentum transmission,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications, London, UK (2013), paper Mo.4.A.1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Architecture for the integration of W-band wireless and FSO links with OAM multiplexing.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for integrated W-band wireless and FSO links with OAM multiplexing.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum before and after the FSO link.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Hologram patterns for (a) 5 OAM modes (+4, +8, +12, +16, +20), (b) 4, (c) 8, (d) +12, (e) +16, and (f) +20.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical intensity profile of (a) 10 OAM modes, (b) demux 4, (c) demux 8, (d) demux +12, (e) demux +16, and (f) demux +20.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER versus received power for integrated FSO and W-band wireless transmission links.

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