Abstract

We describe the characterization of a monolithically integrated photonic device for short pulse generation featuring a mode-locked laser diode, a Mach–Zehnder modulator (MZM), and a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The integrated device is designed for fabrication by a generic foundry scheme with a view to ease of design, testing, and manufacture. Trains of 6.8 ps pulses are generated at repetition rates that are electronically switchable from 14 GHz to 109 MHz. The SOA boosts the peak power by 7.4 dB, and the pulses are compressible to 2.4 ps by dispersion compensation using single-mode telecommunications fiber.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

F. R. Ahmad and F. Rana, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1308 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

U. Sharma, E. W. Chang, and S. H. Yun, Opt. Express 16, 19712 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

M. Kuramoto, N. Kitajima, H. Guo, Y. Furushima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 32, 2726 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kaiser and B. Huttl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Y. H. Kao, T. J. Xia, M. N. Islam, and G. Raybon, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, and S. Z. Ahmad, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1646 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwel, and D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1977 (1)

P. K. Tien, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

F. R. Ahmad and F. Rana, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1308 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, S. Z.

P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, and S. Z. Ahmad, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1646 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ambrosius, H.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aviles-Espinosa, R.

Baney, D. M.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bardella, P.

Barton, J. S.

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ben Yoo, S. J.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwel, and D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
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Bowers, J. E.

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Breivik, M.

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cataluna, M. A.

Chang, E. W.

Chase, E. W.

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742 (1992).
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Cheng-Yong, F.

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, S.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, and S. Z. Ahmad, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1646 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Elzinga, P. A.

Enard, A.

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ermold, M.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Faugeron, M.

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fimland, B. O.

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Funk, E. E.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Furushima, Y.

Grote, N.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Hartman, D. H.

P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, and S. Z. Ahmad, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1646 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Herczfeld, P. R.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, M. R.

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huttl, B.

R. Kaiser and B. Huttl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, M.

Islam, M. N.

Y. H. Kao, T. J. Xia, M. N. Islam, and G. Raybon, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacquet, J.

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jemison, W. D.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Jong-Hwa, B.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, R.

R. Kaiser and B. Huttl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kao, Y. H.

Y. H. Kao, T. J. Xia, M. N. Islam, and G. Raybon, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kapsalis, A.

King, G. B.

Kitajima, N.

Klehr, A.

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kneisler, R. J.

Koch, B. R.

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krakowski, M.

Krestnikov, I.

Kuramoto, M.

Laurendeau, N. M.

Leijtens, X.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lester, L. F.

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Livshits, D.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Lytle, F. E.

Masanovic, M.

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mesaritakis, C.

Montrosset, I.

Nikitichev, D.

Olle, V. F.

V. F. Olle, M. G. Thompson, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “20 GHz picosecond pulse generation by a 1300 nm mode-locked quantum dot master oscillator power amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, 2009.

Penty, R. V.

V. F. Olle, M. G. Thompson, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “20 GHz picosecond pulse generation by a 1300 nm mode-locked quantum dot master oscillator power amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, 2009.

Rafailov, E.

Rana, F.

F. R. Ahmad and F. Rana, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1308 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

Y. H. Kao, T. J. Xia, M. N. Islam, and G. Raybon, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Robert, Y.

Rodwel, M. J. W.

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwel, and D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rosen, A.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rossetti, M.

Ruiz, M.

Schell, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schlauch, T.

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scott, R. P.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, U.

Simos, H.

Smit, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Soares, F. M.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stern, M.

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

Thompson, M. G.

V. F. Olle, M. G. Thompson, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “20 GHz picosecond pulse generation by a 1300 nm mode-locked quantum dot master oscillator power amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, 2009.

Tien, P. K.

P. K. Tien, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 361 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tran, M.

Trankle, G.

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Van Dijk, F.

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, P. P.

P. P. Vasil’ev, Ultrafast Diode Lasers: Fundamentals and Applications (Artech House, 1995).

Vieira, A. J. C.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vinet, E.

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wale, M.

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwel, and D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

V. F. Olle, M. G. Thompson, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “20 GHz picosecond pulse generation by a 1300 nm mode-locked quantum dot master oscillator power amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, 2009.

Williams, K. A.

V. F. Olle, M. G. Thompson, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “20 GHz picosecond pulse generation by a 1300 nm mode-locked quantum dot master oscillator power amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Diego, 2009.

Williams, K. J.

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xia, T. J.

Y. H. Kao, T. J. Xia, M. N. Islam, and G. Raybon, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiaoping, Z.

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, T.

Yokoyama, H.

Yun, S. H.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Schlauch, M. Li, M. R. Hofmann, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and G. Trankle, Electron. Lett. 44, 678 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwel, and D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Faugeron, F. Lelarge, M. Tran, Y. Robert, E. Vinet, A. Enard, J. Jacquet, and F. Van Dijk, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1101008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Kaiser and B. Huttl, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

B. R. Koch, J. S. Barton, M. Masanovic, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Ahmad and F. Rana, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1308 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Cheung, B. Jong-Hwa, R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, F. M. Soares, Z. Xiaoping, D. M. Baney, and S. J. Ben Yoo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, M. Breivik, F. Cheng-Yong, B. O. Fimland, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. (1)

A. J. C. Vieira, P. R. Herczfeld, A. Rosen, M. Ermold, E. E. Funk, W. D. Jemison, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 49, 1882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IET Optoelectron. (1)

M. Smit, X. Leijtens, E. Bente, J. van der Tol, H. Ambrosius, D. Robbins, M. Wale, N. Grote, and M. Schell, IET Optoelectron. 5, 187 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscope image of the integrated device and a schematic diagram of the drive electronics used for hybrid mode-locking, modulation, and amplification of the pulse train.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical spectrum with a center wavelength of 1540 nm and a spectral width of 2.54 nm. (b) RF spectrum of the laser output, with a peak frequency of 13.94 GHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Collinear autocorrelations of the pulse train emitted by the hybrid mode-locked MLLD, showing (a) a train of peaks of equal heights and (b) a sech-squared fit to the zero delay peak corresponding to a pulse duration of 7.8 ps.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Collinear autocorrelation traces after dispersion compensation in different lengths of SMF-28 fiber. The shortest measured pulse width is 2.4 ps at a fiber length of 325 m.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Sampling oscilloscope traces of (a) an unmodulated pulse train at a repetition rate of 14 GHz (200ps/div) and (b) a modulated pulse train at 109 MHz (1ns/div).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Collinear autocorrelations of a modulated and amplified pulse train. (a) A group of peaks and (b) a zero delay peak.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of Pulses Output by (1) the MLLD Alone and by (2) the MLLD-Modulator-MOPA Source

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