Abstract

We demonstrated efficient generation of ultrafast extreme ultraviolet (XUV) pulses at 89 nm from an intense 267 nm UV femtosecond filamentation in argon gas. The XUV pulse generation efficiency was significantly enhanced through UV filament termination from the argon gas into the background vacuum that prevented backconversion of the generated third-harmonic XUV to the fundamental-wave UV pulses. This was further combined with noncollinear UV filament interaction that produced volume-plasma to pre-extract XUV pulses from the filament core, resulting in further XUV enhancement. The generated 89 nm XUV pulses reached what is so far, to our knowledge, the highest pulse energy of 190 nJ.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

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L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (5)

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[CrossRef]

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Lett. 35, 1491 (2010).
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S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
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D. Kiselev, L. Woeste, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 100, 515 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

A. Couairon and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 135003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
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1964 (1)

Abdollahpour, D.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Opt. Express 17, 3190 (2009).
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N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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K. Hartinger and R. Bartels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151102 (2008).
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N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bergé, L.

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, Opt. Lett. 33, 750 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 135003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beutler, M.

Binhammer, T.

Bowden, C. M.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chen, L.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
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Chin, S. L.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and L. Bergé, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 135003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dai, X.

Y. Wang, X. Dai, J. Wu, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

Y. Wang, X. Dai, J. Wu, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Wu, T. Yang, Y. Wang, and L. Ding, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Durand, M.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ettoumi, W.

Feng, L.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
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Fisher, D. J.

Forestier, B.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011).
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Franco, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
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Frey, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji, T. Hono, and T. Suzuki, Opt. Lett 32, 2481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuß, W.

Ghotbi, M.

Hartinger, K.

K. Hartinger and R. Bartels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, D.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
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Hertel, I. V.

Hertel, V.

V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
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Hono, T.

T. Fuji, T. Hono, and T. Suzuki, Opt. Lett 32, 2481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, A.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

Kanda, T.

Kasparian, J.

W. Ettoumi, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Opt. Express 18, 6613 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kiselev, D.

D. Kiselev, L. Woeste, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 100, 515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kortsalioudakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

Kovacev, M.

Lehmeier, H. J.

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Leupacher, W.

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Méjean, G.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Moustaizis, S.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Papadogiannis, N. A.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Papazoglou, D. G.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Opt. Express 17, 3190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peck, E. R.

Peng, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Petit, Y.

Prade, B.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radloff, W.

V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sandhu, A.

N. Shiv, H. Timmers, X. Tong, and A. Sandhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 193002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W. E.

Schulz, E.

Sekikawa, T.

Sheng, Z.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shiv, N.

N. Shiv, H. Timmers, X. Tong, and A. Sandhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 193002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Skupin, S.

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, Opt. Lett. 33, 750 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steingrube, D. S.

Suntsov, S.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Opt. Express 17, 3190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Fuji, T. Hono, and T. Suzuki, Opt. Lett 32, 2481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tatarakis, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Timmers, H.

N. Shiv, H. Timmers, X. Tong, and A. Sandhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 193002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Togashi, T.

Tong, X.

N. Shiv, H. Timmers, X. Tong, and A. Sandhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 193002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trushin, S. A.

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, Opt. Express 17, 3190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vakakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, Appl. Phys. B 80, 211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vockerodt, T.

Wang, J.

Wang, W.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, X. Dai, J. Wu, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Wu, T. Yang, Y. Wang, and L. Ding, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Woeste, L.

D. Kiselev, L. Woeste, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 100, 515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

D. Kiselev, L. Woeste, and J. P. Wolf, Appl. Phys. B 100, 515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Ettoumi, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Opt. Express 18, 6613 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

Wu, J.

Y. Wang, X. Dai, J. Wu, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xi, T.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanai, T. Kanda, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, T. Togashi, C. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 370 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Yang, X.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

Y. Wang, X. Dai, J. Wu, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, J.

L. Feng, X. Lu, T. Xi, X. Liu, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Ma, Q. Dong, W. Wang, Z. Sheng, D. He, and J. Zhang, Phys. Plasmas 19, 072305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for XUV pulse generation from intense UV fs filament. Two equal 267 nm laser pulses were noncollinearly focused into a gas cell filled with argon of various pressures. At an abrupt transition to vacuum through a laser-drilled pinhole in a copper sheet, third-harmonic radiation in the XUV region was extracted and monitored along the probe filament by the combination of a grating and a UV CCD. Inset: measured spectra of the fundamental-wave UV pulse and third-harmonic XUV pulses.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimentally measured intensity of the 89 nm XUV pulse as a function of argon pressure in the gas cell.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Spectrum of the 89 nm third-harmonic XUV pulse generated from the probe UV filament (red lower curve) and from the probe UV filament interacting with the pump UV filament (black upper curve). (b) Intensity of the 89 nm XUV pulse as a function of time delay between pump and probe beams. The inset is the detailed evolution of the 89 nm pulse as a function of time delay around zero delay.

Equations (2)

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I3ω(P)=(3ω)2Pn3ωnω3c4ε02|χ0(3)P|2Iω3sin2(Δk0PL/2)(Δk0P/2)2,
η=(3ω)233/2Pn3ωnω3c4ε02|χ0(3)P|2Iω2sin2(Δk0PL/2)(Δk0P/2)2,

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