Abstract

Using a spinning window pump-probe delay scanner, we demonstrate a means of acquiring time-resolved vibrational spectra at rates up to 700 Hz. The time-dependent phase shift accumulated by the probe pulse in the presence of a coherently vibrating sample gives rise to a Raman-induced frequency shifting readily detectable in a balanced detector. This rapid delay scanning system represents a 23-fold increase in averaging speed and is >10× faster than state-of-the-art voice coil delay lines. These advancements make pump-probe spectroscopy a more practical means of imaging complex media.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

D. Kupka, J. W. Wilson, O. Masihzadeh, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 97 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

1991 (1)

1985 (1)

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Baertschy, M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R. A.

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Kupka, J. W. Wilson, O. Masihzadeh, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 97 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Lett. 33, 1162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Hartinger and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Lett. 31, 3526 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, M.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

Bernhardt, B.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

Cundiff, S. T.

Fu, D.

Gamble, E. B.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gland, J.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guelachvili, G.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hartinger, K.

Holzner, S.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ideguchi, T.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kupka, D.

D. Kupka, J. W. Wilson, O. Masihzadeh, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 97 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Lei, C.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

Leone, S. R.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Martinez, O. E.

Masihzadeh, O.

D. Kupka, J. W. Wilson, O. Masihzadeh, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 97 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, T.

Merlin, R.

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

Picqué, N.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Read, K.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

Tobey, R.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

Warren, W.

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Wiederrecht, G. P.

Wilson, J. W.

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Kupka, J. W. Wilson, O. Masihzadeh, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 97 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y. X.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ye, T.

Yurtserver, G.

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Kupka, J. W. Wilson, O. Masihzadeh, and R. A. Bartels, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 97 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. W. Wilson and R. A. Bartels, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 025501 (2001).

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, S. R. Leone, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Precompensation compressor, (b) Mach–Zehnder with the lighthouse in one arm, (c) microscope and pump rejection, and (d) detection. B-PD, balanced photodetector; BF, bandpass filter; GL, Glan-laser polarizer; BK7, BK7 window; τ, pump-probe delay; BS, beam splitter; WP, λ/2 waveplate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Vibrational signal from BGO (blue) and angle to pump-probe delay mapping and error from spectral interferometry measurements (black). (b) Scaling motor velocity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measurements of neat CCl4 (a) Effects of averaging on frequency modulation signal from one pump-probe delay scan (black) to 500 (blue), offset for clarity. (b) Raman spectra associated with different amounts of scan averaging, with the scan number listed to the right.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Raman image. (a) Reference spectra from BGO (black) and CdWO4 (blue). (b) Composite image from the constituent spectra. Images for each Raman species: (c) BGO and (d) CdWO4.

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