Abstract

A multimode microfiber (MMMF)-based dual Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is proposed and demonstrated for simultaneous measurement of refractive index (RI) and temperature. By inserting a section of MMMF supporting a few modes in the sensing arm of the MZI setup, an inline interference between the fundamental mode and the high-order mode of MMMF, as well as the interference between the high-order mode of MMMF and the reference arm, i.e., the dual MZI, is realized. Due to different interference mechanisms, the former interferometer achieves RI sensitivity of 2576.584nm/RIU and temperature sensitivity of 0.193nm/°C, while the latter one achieves RI sensitivity of 1001.864nm/RIU and temperature sensitivity of 0.239nm/°C, demonstrating the ability to attain highly accurate multiparameter measurements.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

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2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

Aslund, M. L.

Baptista, J. M.

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Bhatia, V.

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Canning, J.

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Chen, Q. Y.

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Chow, K. K.

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Claudecir, R. B.

Cooper, K. L.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Coviello, G.

Crossley, M. J.

Cui, Y.

Delgado, G. S.

Felipe, B. M.

Finazzi, V.

Frazão, O.

M. I. Zibaii, O. Frazão, H. Latifi, and P. A. S. Jorge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1219 (2011).
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Gao, S.

Gouveia, C.

C. Gouveia, M. Zibaii, H. Latifi, M. J. B. Marques, J. M. Baptista, and P. A. S. Jorge, Sens. Actuators B 188, 1212 (2013).
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Guan, B. O.

Guo, J. C.

Gwandu, B. A. L.

Hernandez, D. M.

Hosseini, S. M.

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Huyang, G.

Ji, W. B.

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Jia, W. H.

Jin, L.

Jonas, H. O.

Jorge, P.

H. Latifi, M. I. Zibaii, S. M. Hosseini, and P. Jorge, Photonic Sens. 2, 340 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jorge, P. A. S.

C. Gouveia, M. Zibaii, H. Latifi, M. J. B. Marques, J. M. Baptista, and P. A. S. Jorge, Sens. Actuators B 188, 1212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Zibaii, O. Frazão, H. Latifi, and P. A. S. Jorge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

Kanellos, G. T.

Khoury, T.

Kim, N. S.

Latifi, H.

C. Gouveia, M. Zibaii, H. Latifi, M. J. B. Marques, J. M. Baptista, and P. A. S. Jorge, Sens. Actuators B 188, 1212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Latifi, M. I. Zibaii, S. M. Hosseini, and P. Jorge, Photonic Sens. 2, 340 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Zibaii, O. Frazão, H. Latifi, and P. A. S. Jorge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lee, B. H.

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L. L. Xu, Y. Li, and B. J. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153510 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, X. L.

Li, Y.

L. L. Xu, Y. Li, and B. J. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153510 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liang, R. B.

Lim, A.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D. M.

Liu, H. H.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lou, J. Y.

Lu, P.

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marques, M. J. B.

C. Gouveia, M. Zibaii, H. Latifi, M. J. B. Marques, J. M. Baptista, and P. A. S. Jorge, Sens. Actuators B 188, 1212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Men, L. Q.

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[CrossRef]

Mitrogiannis, C.

Mudhana, G.

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Sun, H. B.

Sun, L. P.

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W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
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Tong, L. M.

Tsiokos, D.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

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Wang, A.

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Wo, J. H.

Xu, L. L.

L. L. Xu, Y. Li, and B. J. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153510 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Y.

Yang, R.

Yu, Y. S.

Zhang, J. J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, C. C.

Zibaii, M.

C. Gouveia, M. Zibaii, H. Latifi, M. J. B. Marques, J. M. Baptista, and P. A. S. Jorge, Sens. Actuators B 188, 1212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zibaii, M. I.

H. Latifi, M. I. Zibaii, S. M. Hosseini, and P. Jorge, Photonic Sens. 2, 340 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Zibaii, O. Frazão, H. Latifi, and P. A. S. Jorge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Xu, Y. Li, and B. J. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153510 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. I. Zibaii, O. Frazão, H. Latifi, and P. A. S. Jorge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (10)

Photonic Sens. (1)

H. Latifi, M. I. Zibaii, S. M. Hosseini, and P. Jorge, Photonic Sens. 2, 340 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

C. Gouveia, M. Zibaii, H. Latifi, M. J. B. Marques, J. M. Baptista, and P. A. S. Jorge, Sens. Actuators B 188, 1212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. (b) Microscope image of MMMF with diameter of 11.24 μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmission spectrums in ambient RI of 1.3375 and 1.3380. (b) Enlarged spectrums with wavelength ranging from 1538 to 1545 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Shift of dip1 and dip2 as a function of RI.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dip1 and dip2 shift as a function of temperature.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of Experimental Sensitivities of Typical Schemes for Simultaneous RI and Temperature Measurement

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(n1n2)L=ΔneffL=(m+1/2)λm,
n2Ln0L0=(m+1/2)λn,
Δλm=λ×[exp(2/Vi2/Vj)1],Vi,j=(πd/λ)nclad2nambienti,j2,
neff/T=ηξfiberneff+(1η)ξambientneff,
(ΔRIΔT)=(ABCD)1(Δλdip1Δλdip2),

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