Abstract

We demonstrate a many-atom–cavity system with a high-finesse dual-wavelength standing wave cavity in which all participating rubidium atoms are nearly identically coupled to a 780-nm cavity mode. This homogeneous coupling is enforced by a one-dimensional optical lattice formed by the field of a 1560-nm cavity mode.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Mabuchi and A. C. Doherty, Science 298, 1372 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. J. Kimble, Phys. Scr. T76, 127 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. D. Leroux, M. Schleier-Smith, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073602 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. J. Arnold, M. P. Baden, and M. D. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 153002 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Long, A. K. Tuchman, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 32, 2502 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Arnold, M. P. Baden, and M. D. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 153002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Leroux, M. Schleier-Smith, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Mabuchi and A. C. Doherty, Science 298, 1372 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. J. Kimble, Phys. Scr. T76, 127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, K. J.

K. J. Arnold, M. P. Baden, and M. D. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 153002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baden, M. P.

K. J. Arnold, M. P. Baden, and M. D. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 153002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, M. D.

K. J. Arnold, M. P. Baden, and M. D. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 153002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bernon, S.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bertoldi, A.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, B.

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bohnet, J.

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bohnet, J. G.

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Botter, T.

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boudet, J.

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bouyer, P.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brahms, N.

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brennecke, F.

F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, D.

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, D. R.

D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cuk, S.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Doherty, A. C.

H. Mabuchi and A. C. Doherty, Science 298, 1372 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Donner, T.

F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Esslinger, T.

F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, S.

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Holland, M.

D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holland, M. J.

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kasevich, M. A.

I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Long, A. K. Tuchman, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 32, 2502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

H. J. Kimble, Phys. Scr. T76, 127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kohlhaas, R.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Landragin, A.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leroux, I. D.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Leroux, M. Schleier-Smith, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Long, R.

R. Long, A. K. Tuchman, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 32, 2502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Z.

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

H. Mabuchi and A. C. Doherty, Science 298, 1372 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McConnell, R.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meiser, D.

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Purdy, T.

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, S.

F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sankar, S. R.

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schleier-Smith, M.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Leroux, M. Schleier-Smith, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stamper-Kurn, D.

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanji, H.

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teper, I.

I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, J. K.

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tuchman, A. K.

R. Long, A. K. Tuchman, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 32, 2502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vanderbruggen, T.

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vrijsen, G.

I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Leroux, M. Schleier-Smith, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, J. M.

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. G. Bohnet, Z. Chen, J. M. Weiner, D. Meiser, M. J. Holland, and J. K. Thompson, Nature 484, 78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Bernon, T. Vanderbruggen, R. Kohlhaas, A. Bertoldi, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, New J. Phys. 13, 065021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. K. Tuchman, R. Long, G. Vrijsen, J. Boudet, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Teper, G. Vrijsen, J. Lee, and M. A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 78, 051803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

K. J. Arnold, M. P. Baden, and M. D. Barrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 153002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, R. McConnell, S. Cuk, Q. Lin, M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 133603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Schleier-Smith, I. D. Leroux, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Leroux, M. Schleier-Smith, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, J. Bohnet, S. R. Sankar, J. Dai, and J. K. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 133601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Purdy, D. Brooks, T. Botter, N. Brahms, Z. Ma, and D. Stamper-Kurn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Tanji, S. Ghosh, J. Simon, B. Bloom, and V. Vuletić, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. Holland, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. (1)

H. J. Kimble, Phys. Scr. T76, 127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

H. Mabuchi and A. C. Doherty, Science 298, 1372 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Brennecke, S. Ritter, T. Donner, and T. Esslinger, Science 322, 235 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the cavity assembly. (b) In-phase and out-of-phase atom registrations at the cavity center. Black curves, lattice potential resulting from the 1560 nm light; red curves, 780-nm probe light intensity. (c) Ring-down measurements of the 780 and 1560 nm cavity modes after an abrupt turn-off of the incident light using an AOM. The measured ring-down times are τ780=19.9μs and τ1560=13.3μs. (d) Energy level diagram of Rb87 atoms.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser stabilization and generation of spectral lines. (a) The 1560 nm master laser is locked to a reference cavity, and the reference cavity is locked to the main cavity. A 780 nm light generated by frequency doubling is used to probe the main cavity. EOM, electro-optic modulator; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PPLN, periodically poled Lithium Niobate; DBS, dichroic beam splitter; λ/4, quarter-wave plate; “A,” amplifier; “C,” controllable attenuator; FR, Faraday rotator; OI, optical isolator; and EDFA, erbium doped fiber amplifier. (b) Schematic of the generated optical frequencies with respect to the cavity modes (dotted lines). νt is the frequency of the optical lattice; νp, frequency of the probe; m, an integer multiplier; and δm, modulation frequency of the 1560-nm carrier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Registration parameter versus probe detuning from the F=2 to F=3 transition [m=3,2,1 cf. Fig. 2(b)]. Registration ratio: 6.2±0.2. (b) Differential ac Stark shift of the clock states as a function of the estimated trap depth: 0.74Hz/μK, measured by the microwave transition frequency. (c) Rabi oscillations with a period of 10.73 and 57 ms coherence time measured via the cavity shift.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters: Finesse, F; Mode Waist, ω0; Spot Size at Mirrors, ωm; Free Spectral Range, νfsr; Maximum Atom–Cavity Coupling Strength, g0; Cavity FWHM Linewidth, κ; Atomic FWHM Linewidth, Γ; and Single Atom Cooperativity, 4g02/κΓ

Metrics