Abstract

In this Letter, we report a novel approach for directly exciting the lowest-order Laguerre–Gaussian (LG01) donut mode with controllable handedness of the helical phase front trajectory in an end-pumped solid-state laser. Our approach is based on the use of a novel mode selection element consisting of two nanoscale thickness aluminum stripes to provide discrimination between LG01 modes with opposite handedness. This scheme has been applied to a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser to generate and switch between LG01 modes with opposite handedness at output powers 1W at 1064 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Naidoo, K. Aït-Ameur, M. Brunel, and A. Forbes, Appl. Phys. B 106, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2007 (1)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 112, 321 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Harris, C. A. Hill, P. R. Tapster, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, and A. G. White, Opt. Lett. 17, 221 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ait-Ameur, K.

Aït-Ameur, K.

D. Naidoo, K. Aït-Ameur, M. Brunel, and A. Forbes, Appl. Phys. B 106, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, S.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 112, 321 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, J.-F.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

D. Naidoo, K. Aït-Ameur, M. Brunel, and A. Forbes, Appl. Phys. B 106, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, K.

Clarkson, W. A.

J. W. Kim and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Commun. 296, 109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Coerwinkel, R. P. C.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 112, 321 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Courtial, J.

Forbes, A.

I. A. Litvin, S. Ngcobo, D. Naidoo, K. Ait-Ameur, and A. Forbes, Opt. Lett. 39, 704 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Naidoo, K. Aït-Ameur, M. Brunel, and A. Forbes, Appl. Phys. B 106, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Franke-Arnold, S.

Giacobino, E.

Gibson, G.

Giner, L.

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hamazaki, J.

Harris, M.

M. Harris, C. A. Hill, P. R. Tapster, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heckenberg, N. R.

Hill, C. A.

M. Harris, C. A. Hill, P. R. Tapster, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ito, A.

Kim, J. W.

J. W. Kim and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Commun. 296, 109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kozawa, Y.

Kristensen, M.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 112, 321 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laurat, J.

Li, J.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Litvin, I. A.

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maxein, D.

McDuff, R.

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

Naidoo, D.

I. A. Litvin, S. Ngcobo, D. Naidoo, K. Ait-Ameur, and A. Forbes, Opt. Lett. 39, 704 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Naidoo, K. Aït-Ameur, M. Brunel, and A. Forbes, Appl. Phys. B 106, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ngcobo, S.

Nicolas, A.

Omatsu, T.

Padgett, M.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pas’ko, V.

Sato, S.

Senatsky, Y.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sheremet, A. S.

Shirakawa, A.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. P.

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanda, S.

Tapster, P. R.

M. Harris, C. A. Hill, P. R. Tapster, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thirugnanasambandam, M.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torres, J. P.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vasnetsov, M.

Vaughan, J. M.

M. Harris, C. A. Hill, P. R. Tapster, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Veissier, L.

White, A. G.

Woerdman, J. P.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 112, 321 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Naidoo, K. Aït-Ameur, M. Brunel, and A. Forbes, Appl. Phys. B 106, 683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nat. Phys. (1)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 112, 321 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Commun. 296, 109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K. Ueda, Opt. Rev. 19, 201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. Harris, C. A. Hill, P. R. Tapster, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Instantaneous intracavity intensity pattern for the LG01+ and LG01 modes at a fixed position; (b), (c) the respective intensity patterns for the LG01 and LG01+ modes after propagating a distance of (n/2+1/8)λ. The white lines represent the line-shaped loss region introduced by the first wire (a) and second wire (b), (c).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of experimental laser setup for controlling the handedness of the LG01 mode.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated single-pass loss for different modes induced by the MSE as a function of spacing between the two stripes of the MSE.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a)–(c) Far-field intensity profiles for LG01, TEM01 and LG01+ modes; (d)–(f) interference patterns of corresponding modes.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser output power versus absorbed pump power.

Equations (4)

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Ef=u(r)cos(ωtkz±φ),
Eb=u(r)cos(ωt+kzφ).
E±=2u(r)cos(ωt)·cos(kz±φ).
I±=4|u(r)|2(cos)2(ωt)·(cos)2(kz±φ).

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