Abstract

The demand for ever shorter light pulses presents a challenge to the detection and stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) in amplifier systems. Here we present a combination of single-shot detection and a fast actuator that is capable of measuring and correcting the CEP in every single shot emitted by a millijoule-scale, multi-kHz femtosecond laser amplifier. The residual CEP noise within 50 s amounts to 98 mrad rms in-loop (fast detection, 5·105 shots) and 140 mrad out-of-loop (slow detection, 6250 shots), approaching the noise floor of the f-to-2f measurement. Both values represent a twofold improvement of the CEP stability over previously published results in comparable systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, Opt. Lett. 26, 1436 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Koke, C. Grebing, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 33, 2545 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Fordell, M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, and A. L’Huillier, Opt. Express 19, 23652 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhendler, and R. Lopez-Martens, Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. Lopez-Martens, Opt. Lett. 34, 3647 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. O. Gobert, P. Paul, J. Hergott, O. Tcherbakoff, F. Lepetit, P. d’Oliveira, F. Viala, and M. Comte, Opt. Express 19, 5410 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Adolph, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, K. Rühle, and G. G. Paulus, Opt. Lett. 36, 3639 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Feng, J.-F. Hergott, P.-M. Paul, X. Chen, O. Tcherbakoff, M. Comte, O. Gobert, M. Reduzzi, F. Calegari, C. Manzoni, M. Nisoli, and G. Sansone, Opt. Express 21, 25248 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 37, 2076 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Crozatier, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CF1-4.
  14. C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, C. M. Nakamura, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Opt. 48, 1303 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. A. Okell, T. Witting, D. Fabris, D. Austin, M. Bocoum, F. Frank, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, D. Walke, J. P. Marangos, R. Lopez-Martens, and J. W. G. Tisch, Opt. Lett. 38, 3918 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Lücking, A. Trabattoni, S. Anumula, G. Sansone, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, T. Oksenhendler, and G. Tempea, Opt. Lett. 39, 2302 (2014).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Adolph, D.

Anderson, A.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anumula, S.

Apolonski, A.

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 37, 2076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, C. L.

Assion, A.

Austin, D.

Bocoum, M.

Calegari, F.

Canova, L.

Chang, Z.

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, C. M. Nakamura, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Opt. 48, 1303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chini, M.

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Comte, M.

Crozatier, V.

V. Crozatier, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CF1-4.

d’Oliveira, P.

Fabris, D.

Feng, C.

Fordell, T.

Forget, N.

Frank, F.

Frei, H.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujihira, Y.

Gobert, O.

Gohle, C.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grebing, C.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 33, 2545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hergott, J.

Hergott, J.-F.

Homma, T.

Jullien, A.

Kakehata, M.

Kobayashi, Y.

Koke, S.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 33, 2545 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 37, 2076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

Lepetit, F.

Li, C.

Lopez-Martens, R.

Lücking, F.

Manschwetus, B.

Manzoni, C.

Marangos, J. P.

Mashiko, H.

Miranda, M.

Möller, M.

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moon, E.

Nakamura, C. M.

Nisoli, M.

Okell, W. A.

Oksenhendler, T.

Paul, P.

Paul, P.-M.

Paulus, G. G.

D. Adolph, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, K. Rühle, and G. G. Paulus, Opt. Lett. 36, 3639 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rathje, T.

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Adolph, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, K. Rühle, and G. G. Paulus, Opt. Lett. 36, 3639 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenberger, J.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reduzzi, M.

Ricci, A.

Rühle, K.

Sansone, G.

Sayler, A. M.

D. Adolph, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, K. Rühle, and G. G. Paulus, Opt. Lett. 36, 3639 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

Tackett, J.

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Tcherbakoff, O.

Tempea, G.

Tisch, J. W. G.

Torizuka, K.

Trabattoni, A.

Trisorio, A.

Udem, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Viala, F.

Walke, D.

Wang, H.

Witting, T.

Yakovlev, V. S.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Möller, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, M. Chini, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 121108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photonics 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (1)

V. Crozatier, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CF1-4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic layout of the experiment. A Ti:sapphire oscillator is CEP stabilized by frequency-shifting. Multi-pass amplification at 10 kHz yields pulses with 0.8 mJ energy and a duration of 25 fs. The CEP of the amplified pulses is measured by two collinear f-to-2f interferometers at 125 and 10 kHz acquisition rate, respectively. Feedback correction can be applied by varying either the stretcher dispersion or the RF phase of the AOFS driver signal. Φ, RF phase shifter; PI, proportional-integral controller; PC, personal computer. Inset, oscilloscope screen-shot of an interferogram acquired by the fast f-to-2f.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Acoustic grating phase actuator in open and closed loop operation, recorded by fast f-to-2f. Red trace, amplified pulse CEP switched by 1.2π from shot-to-shot by triggered square wave applied to RF shifter. Blue trace, closed-loop operation, target phase switched by π/2 every 10 shots.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fourier transform of the CEP data collected using the fast f-to-2f device. Black/dashed trace, open loop PSD/IPN; Dotted trace, IPN of loop closed using 125 Hz f-to-2f and prism actuator; red/solid trace, PSD/IPN of loop closed using 10 kHz f-to-2f and grating phase actuator.

Metrics