Abstract

We show experimentally and theoretically that heating of highly transparent materials by continuous-wave pump beams induces strong optical anisotropy for probe beams in primarily optically isotropic configurations. This is due to a uniaxial thermally induced strain and the elasto-optic effect. The cases of glasses and lithium niobate crystals are considered. The discovered effect is important for the development of techniques aimed at the analysis of absorptive properties of transparent optical materials.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 1996).
  2. A. C. Tam, Rev. Mod. Phys. 58, 381 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Guntau and W. Triebel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2279 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Träger, Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer, 2012).
  7. J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Clarendon, 2000).
  8. R. E. Newnham, Properties of Materials (Oxford University, 2005).
  9. L. C. Malacarne, N. G. C. Astrath, and M. L. Baesso, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1772 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Theory of Elasticity (Pergamon, 1970).
  11. M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC, 2003).
  12. P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Fridkin and B. Sturman, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon and Breach, 1992).
  15. M. Jazbinsek and M. Zgonik, Appl. Phys. B 74, 407 (2002).
  16. A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Jazbinsek and M. Zgonik, Appl. Phys. B 74, 407 (2002).

2000 (1)

M. Guntau and W. Triebel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. C. Tam, Rev. Mod. Phys. 58, 381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrovski, A.

A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andrushchak, A. S.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Astrath, N. G. C.

Baesso, M. L.

Benassi, P.

P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bialkowski, S. E.

S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 1996).

Buse, K.

F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fridkin, V.

V. Fridkin and B. Sturman, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon and Breach, 1992).

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Guntau, M.

M. Guntau and W. Triebel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jazbinsek, M.

M. Jazbinsek and M. Zgonik, Appl. Phys. B 74, 407 (2002).

Kityk, A. V.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laba, H. P.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Landau, L. D.

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Theory of Elasticity (Pergamon, 1970).

Lifshitz, E. M.

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Theory of Elasticity (Pergamon, 1970).

Lüdtke, F.

F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Malacarne, L. C.

Markosyan, A.

A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mazzacurati, V.

P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mytsyk, B. G.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Negran, T. J.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Newnham, R. E.

R. E. Newnham, Properties of Materials (Oxford University, 2005).

Nye, J. F.

J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Clarendon, 2000).

Route, R.

A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruocco, G.

P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sahraoui, B.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Signorelli, G.

P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solskii, I. M.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Fridkin and B. Sturman, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon and Breach, 1992).

Tam, A. C.

A. C. Tam, Rev. Mod. Phys. 58, 381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Träger, F.

F. Träger, Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer, 2012).

Triebel, W.

M. Guntau and W. Triebel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Waasem, N.

F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC, 2003).

Yurkevych, O. V.

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zgonik, M.

M. Jazbinsek and M. Zgonik, Appl. Phys. B 74, 407 (2002).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

F. Lüdtke, N. Waasem, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, Appl. Phys. B 105, 35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek and M. Zgonik, Appl. Phys. B 74, 407 (2002).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. S. Andrushchak, B. G. Mytsyk, H. P. Laba, O. V. Yurkevych, I. M. Solskii, A. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 073510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. Benassi, V. Mazzacurati, G. Ruocco, and G. Signorelli, Phys. Rev. B 48, 5987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Alexandrovski, M. M. Fejer, A. Markosyan, and R. Route, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930D (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. C. Tam, Rev. Mod. Phys. 58, 381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Guntau and W. Triebel, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 1996).

F. Träger, Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer, 2012).

J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Clarendon, 2000).

R. E. Newnham, Properties of Materials (Oxford University, 2005).

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Theory of Elasticity (Pergamon, 1970).

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC, 2003).

V. Fridkin and B. Sturman, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon and Breach, 1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental PCI setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized AC signal S(θ) (open circles) for the BK-7 glass. The probe polarization angle θ is measured from the pump–probe plane. The solid line corresponds to the fit 1mcos(2θ) with m=0.22.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized AC signal S(θ) for an undoped congruent LN sample. The open squares and circles correspond to the X and Y configurations. The solid fit curves are plotted for m=0.71 and 0.37, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized AC signal S(θ) for undoped congruent (filled circles) and iron-doped congruent (open triangles) LN samples in the Y configuration.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Geometry and notation. (a) Cross section of the pump beam; r and φ are the transverse radius vector and the polar angle. The horizontal arrows show the probe beam propagation. (b) Cross section of the probe beam; e is the polarization vector and θ is the angle to the horizontal x axis. The dotted lines indicate the borders of the pump-beam area. For LN crystals, the scheme corresponds to the X configuration. For the Y configuration, one should interchange the x and y axes.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δΦ(x,y)=k02n(δεcos2θ+δεsin2θ)dz,
Sδε¯cos2θ+δε¯sin2θ,
δε¯=δε(y,z)dydz,δε¯=δε(y,z)dydz.
R=δε¯/δε¯,m=(R1)/(R+1).
δεijeo=n4pijlmslm.
δεijeo=n4[p12δijsll+(p11p12)sij].
ur=Cr0rδT(r)rdr,
sll=durdr+urrCδT(r)sijeiej=sin2θ(durdrsin2φ+urrcos2φ).
R=nTn3C(p11+p12)/4nTn3Cp12/2.

Metrics