Abstract

We present a newly designed polymer light-emitting diode with a bandwidth of 350kHz for high-speed visible light communications. Using this new polymer light-emitting diode as a transmitter, we have achieved a record transmission speed of 10Mb/s for a polymer light-emitting diode-based optical communication system with an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technique, matching the performance of single carrier formats using multitap equalization. For achieving such a high data-rate, a power pre-emphasis technique was adopted.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, I. Papakonstantinou, and W. Popoola, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 1807 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Haigh, F. Bausi, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, H. Le Minh, C. Flechon, and F. Cacialli, Opt. Express 22, 2830 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3512 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and I. Papakonstantinou, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 615 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, J. Polym. Sci., Part B 41, 2649 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and I. Papakonstantinou, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 615 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2003 (1)

T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, J. Polym. Sci., Part B 41, 2649 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aboelfotoh, M. O.

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Barry, J. R.

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bausi, F.

Brown, T. M.

T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, J. Polym. Sci., Part B 41, 2649 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cacialli, F.

Cheng-Wei, C.

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chia-Chien, W.

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, P.

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chun-Hung, H.

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chun-Ting, L.

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Corsini, R.

G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cossu, G.

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang-Ming, W.

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Flechon, C.

Ghassemlooy, Z.

P. A. Haigh, F. Bausi, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, H. Le Minh, C. Flechon, and F. Cacialli, Opt. Express 22, 2830 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, I. Papakonstantinou, and W. Popoola, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 1807 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and I. Papakonstantinou, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 615 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Haigh, P. A.

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, I. Papakonstantinou, and W. Popoola, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 1807 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, F. Bausi, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, H. Le Minh, C. Flechon, and F. Cacialli, Opt. Express 22, 2830 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and I. Papakonstantinou, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 615 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hoa Le, M.

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hou-Tzu, H.

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jr, C. L. R.

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khalid, A. M.

G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, Opt. Express 20, B501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kottke, C.

Lampert, Z. E.

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Langer, K. D.

Lappi, S. E.

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Le Minh, H.

Nerreter, S.

Papakonstantinou, I.

P. A. Haigh, F. Bausi, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, H. Le Minh, C. Flechon, and F. Cacialli, Opt. Express 22, 2830 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, I. Papakonstantinou, and W. Popoola, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 1807 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and I. Papakonstantinou, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 615 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Papanikolas, J. M.

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Popoola, W.

Rajbhandari, S.

Vucic, J.

Walewski, J. W.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1465 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, and I. Papakonstantinou, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 615 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Fang-Ming, L. Chun-Ting, W. Chia-Chien, C. Cheng-Wei, H. Hou-Tzu, and H. Chun-Hung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1730 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and M. Hoa Le, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1687 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. E. Lampert, S. E. Lappi, J. M. Papanikolas, C. L. R. Jr, and M. O. Aboelfotoh, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 233509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Polym. Sci., Part B (1)

T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, J. Polym. Sci., Part B 41, 2649 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, Proc. IEEE 85, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Exploded schematic of the PLED used in this work; inset is a top-view photograph of a single 3.5mm2 photoactive area PLED at 8 V (DC bias). To prevent air exposure of the cathode and the polymer layers, the device is covered with a film of epoxy glue and a glass slide. The glass cover is smaller than the glass substrate to leave enough space to attach the pins. The external contact is made through an ITO stripe (left in the image above).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

L-I-V curve of the PLED under test, shown in dashed lines are the plots for diodes used in [4].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Frequency response curves of the PLED under test. The dashed line in red is the linear curve fitting (in logarithmic scale).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic block diagram for the system under test: S/P, serial/parallel conversion; P/S, parallel/serial conversion; TS, training symbol; VSG, vector signal generator.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Frequency spectra of the received OFDM signals (both with 1 MHz bandwidth) without (a) and with (b) power pre-emphasis.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Received constellation diagrams at 4.5°Mb/s without power pre-emphasis, before (a) and after (b) single-tap equalization.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER versus transmission data rate for OFDM systems with and without power pre-emphasis and OOK.

Equations (1)

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[P(k)]dB=3B·fk,

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