Abstract

A sensing configuration for fluid evaporation monitoring using a suspended-core fiber tip is proposed. Strong differences between the evaporation processes of acetone and isopropyl alcohol were observed, both in terms of the signal’s intensity fluctuations and total duration. In each fluid, the main signal variations were due to changes in reflectivity inside a collapsed region of the suspended-core fiber near the spliced interface with a standard single-mode fiber. After further analysis with a wider array of substances, this configuration could, in the future, be used to detect and study the evaporation of different volatile organic compounds.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

2010

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Afshar, S.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Artel, V.

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Barretto, E. C. S.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Chen, J. S. Y.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chesini, G.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Donlagic, D.

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Euser, T. G.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Farrer, N. J.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, M. S.

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

Franco, M. A. R.

François, A.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

Heng, S.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Large, M. C. J.

Lobo Ribeiro, A. B.

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

Lwin, R.

Monro, T. M.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Preloznik, B.

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Preter, E.

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sadler, P. J.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

Scharrer, M.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schartner, E. P.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Silva, R. M.

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

Sukenik, C. N.

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Warren-Smith, S.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Webb, A. S.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zadok, A.

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. G. Euser, J. S. Y. Chen, M. Scharrer, P. S. J. Russell, N. J. Farrer, and P. J. Sadler, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Eng. 46, 010503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

T. M. Monro, S. Warren-Smith, E. P. Schartner, A. François, S. Heng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. Afshar, Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 343 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Photonic Sens.

O. Frazão, R. M. Silva, M. S. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and A. B. Lobo Ribeiro, Photonic Sens. 2, 118 (2012).

Sensors

E. Preter, B. Preloznik, V. Artel, C. N. Sukenik, D. Donlagic, and A. Zadok, Sensors 13, 15261 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (6345 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (7866 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Diagram of the experimental setup. (b) Suspended-core fiber cross section and (c) core region.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral response of the sensing head.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Sensor’s time-response after dipping in acetone and IPA. Three different measurements are shown for each substance. The letters in parenthesis indicate different evaporation phases.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of menisci position inside the sensing head during the process of acetone evaporation (see Media 1).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Scheme of the sensor structure and (b), (c), and (d) of the main evaporation phases.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Evolution of menisci position inside the sensing head during the process of IPA evaporation (see Media 2).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Estimated Reflection Values for Each Evaporation Phasea

Metrics