Abstract

By investigating the time-resolved spectra of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) on silicon nitride (SiN) photonic crystals (PhCs), it is found that the ratio of charged-exciton (trion) emission and the multiexciton emission to the total emission can be controlled by two-dimensional PhCs. Even by conservative estimates, the ratios of trion to total emission from QDs on PCs reaches 10%, which is much larger than that of the dark state seen in the blinking phenomenon of single QDs. Therefore Auger recombination could be controlled by SiN PhCs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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W. K. Bae, L. A. Padilha, Y. S. Park, H. McDaniel, I. Robel, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, ACS Nano 7, 3411 (2013).
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W. K. Bae, L. A. Padilha, Y. S. Park, H. McDaniel, I. Robel, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, ACS Nano 7, 3411 (2013).
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A. Qualtieri, G. Morello, P. Spinicelli, M. T. Todaro, T. Stomeo, L. Martiradonna, M. De Giorni, X. Quélin, S. Buil, A. Bramati, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, and M. De Vittorio, Superlattices Microstruct. 47, 187 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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M. Marceddu, M. Saba, F. Quochi, A. Lai, J. Huang, D. V. Talapin, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, Nanotechnology 23, 015201(2012).
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H. A. Collins, M. Khurana, E. H. Moriyama, A. Mariampillai, E. Dahlstedt, M. Balaz, M. Kuimova, M. Drobizhev, V. X. D. Yang, D. Phillips, A. Rebane, B. V. Wilson, and H. L. Anderson, Nat. Photonics 2, 420 (2008).
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W. K. Bae, L. A. Padilha, Y. S. Park, H. McDaniel, I. Robel, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, ACS Nano 7, 3411 (2013).
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A. L. Efros and M. Rosen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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M. Marceddu, M. Saba, F. Quochi, A. Lai, J. Huang, D. V. Talapin, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, Nanotechnology 23, 015201(2012).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E. H.

E. H. Sargent, Nat. Photonics 6, 133 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schnetter, C. M.

Selle, A.

Shirasaki, Y.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, Nat. Photonics 7, 13 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. D.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunninggham, Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soares, J. A. N. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunninggham, Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spinicelli, P.

A. Qualtieri, G. Morello, P. Spinicelli, M. T. Todaro, T. Stomeo, L. Martiradonna, M. De Giorni, X. Quélin, S. Buil, A. Bramati, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, and M. De Vittorio, Superlattices Microstruct. 47, 187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinbrück, A.

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, M. Sykora, J. A. Hollingsworth, V. I. Klimov, and H. Htoon, Nature 479, 203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stomeo, T.

A. Qualtieri, G. Morello, P. Spinicelli, M. T. Todaro, T. Stomeo, L. Martiradonna, M. De Giorni, X. Quélin, S. Buil, A. Bramati, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, and M. De Vittorio, Superlattices Microstruct. 47, 187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, Nat. Photonics 7, 13 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sykora, M.

C. Galland, Y. Ghosh, A. Steinbrück, M. Sykora, J. A. Hollingsworth, V. I. Klimov, and H. Htoon, Nature 479, 203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Talapin, D. V.

M. Marceddu, M. Saba, F. Quochi, A. Lai, J. Huang, D. V. Talapin, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, Nanotechnology 23, 015201(2012).
[CrossRef]

Todaro, M. T.

A. Qualtieri, G. Morello, P. Spinicelli, M. T. Todaro, T. Stomeo, L. Martiradonna, M. De Giorni, X. Quélin, S. Buil, A. Bramati, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, and M. De Vittorio, Superlattices Microstruct. 47, 187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, R.

X. Xu, T. Yamada, R. Ueda, and A. Otomo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wilms, S.

Wilson, B. V.

H. A. Collins, M. Khurana, E. H. Moriyama, A. Mariampillai, E. Dahlstedt, M. Balaz, M. Kuimova, M. Drobizhev, V. X. D. Yang, D. Phillips, A. Rebane, B. V. Wilson, and H. L. Anderson, Nat. Photonics 2, 420 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, T. Yamada, R. Ueda, and A. Otomo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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X. Xu, T. Yamada, R. Ueda, and A. Otomo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221113 (2009).
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H. A. Collins, M. Khurana, E. H. Moriyama, A. Mariampillai, E. Dahlstedt, M. Balaz, M. Kuimova, M. Drobizhev, V. X. D. Yang, D. Phillips, A. Rebane, B. V. Wilson, and H. L. Anderson, Nat. Photonics 2, 420 (2008).
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Zehnder, D.

B. Fisher, J. M. Caruge, D. Zehnder, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087403 (2005).
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N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunninggham, Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano

W. K. Bae, L. A. Padilha, Y. S. Park, H. McDaniel, I. Robel, J. M. Pietryga, and V. I. Klimov, ACS Nano 7, 3411 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Jha and P. Guyot-Sionnest, ACS Nano 3, 1011 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

X. Xu, T. Yamada, R. Ueda, and A. Otomo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

M. Marceddu, M. Saba, F. Quochi, A. Lai, J. Huang, D. V. Talapin, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, Nanotechnology 23, 015201(2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunninggham, Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515 (2007).
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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

TPEF spectra from QDs on PhCs under excitation power 300 μW. (a) Total spectrum fitted by a bi-Gaussian function. The dashed and dash-dotted lines are the fitted Gaussian components. (b) Fitted curves by bi-Gaussian function of TPEF spectra of QDs on PhCs with different lattice constants. (c) M-spectrum fitted to a bi-Gaussian function. (d) Comparison of the normalized fitted S-spectrum, M-spectrum, and F-spectrum. Insert is a picture of fabricated PhC on SiN film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fitted curves and parameters of M-spectra from QDs on PhCs with different lattice constants. (a) Fitted lines by a bi-Gaussian function of M-spectra of QDs on PhC with a lattice constant of 1250 nm. (b) Center wavelengths of long- and short-wavelength components for M-spectra fitted to bi-Gaussian under excitation power of 300 μW (blue lines) and 158 μW (red lines). (c) Ratios of the trion and the exciton components of the M-spectrum under excitation powers of 300 μW. (d) Comparison of the trion ratios in the M-spectrum under excitation powers of 158 and 300 μW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Comparison of the ratio of PL intensity of trion to the PL intensity of total spectrum under excitation power 300 μW. (b) Amplitude of M-spectrum and ratio of the trion spectrum to PL intensity of total spectrum under excitation power of 158 μW. (c) Total amplitude of M-spectrum and ratio of PL intensity of the trion spectrum to PL intensity of total spectrum under excitation power of 300 μW. (d) Integrated enhancement factor and the ratio of PL intensity of trion to that of the total spectrum.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Ratios of PL Intensity of Trion and That of M-spectrum to Total Integrated PL Intensity of the Spectruma

Equations (1)

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y=Alexp((xcl)22ωl2)+Asexp((xcs)22ωs2),

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