Abstract

We examine the optical properties of two-dimensionally nanostructured metals in the metamaterial regime for infrared applications. Compared with straight nanowires and nanogrids, serpentine structures exhibit much lower optical losses of less than 7% even at a large metal area fraction of 0.3. The low loss is primarily due to a small effective conductivity of the meandering structures, and self-inductance plays a modest role in reducing losses in these structures. The high transparency at a large metal area coverage would be useful for transparent electrodes in optoelectronic devices.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. R. Forrest, Nature 428, 911 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, Chem. Rev. 110, 5790 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, MRS Bull. 36, 760 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. G. Kang and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 19, 1391 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, Nano Lett. 10, 2944 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 12, 3138 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. E. Han, “Suppressing optical absorption in nanostructured metals,” ACS Photonics, submitted for publication.
  14. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, Adv. Mater 3, 1482 (2011).
  18. Details of our modeling will be reported in S. E. Han and S. M. Clark, “Optical properties of metamaterial serpentine metal electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys., submitted for publication.
  19. A. F. Mayadas and M. Shatzkes, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1382 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Y. Smith, E. Shiles, and M. Inokuti, in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids I, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985), pp. 369–406.
  21. D. Josell, S. H. Brongersma, and Z. Tokei, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 231 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 12, 3138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, Adv. Mater 3, 1482 (2011).

L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, MRS Bull. 36, 760 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, Nano Lett. 10, 2944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, Chem. Rev. 110, 5790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

D. Josell, S. H. Brongersma, and Z. Tokei, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 231 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. G. Kang and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 19, 1391 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. R. Forrest, Nature 428, 911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. F. Mayadas and M. Shatzkes, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1382 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, E.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, S. H.

D. Josell, S. H. Brongersma, and Z. Tokei, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 231 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, Nano Lett. 10, 2944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chua, S.-J.

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clark, S. M.

Details of our modeling will be reported in S. E. Han and S. M. Clark, “Optical properties of metamaterial serpentine metal electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys., submitted for publication.

Connor, S. T.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cotterell, B.

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, MRS Bull. 36, 760 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Engelhardt, M.

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, Nano Lett. 10, 2944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

S. R. Forrest, Nature 428, 911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grüner, G.

L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, Chem. Rev. 110, 5790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, E.

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. J.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kang and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 19, 1391 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. E.

Details of our modeling will be reported in S. E. Han and S. M. Clark, “Optical properties of metamaterial serpentine metal electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys., submitted for publication.

S. E. Han, “Suppressing optical absorption in nanostructured metals,” ACS Photonics, submitted for publication.

Hanaoka, Y.

Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, D. S.

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, Adv. Mater 3, 1482 (2011).

L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, Chem. Rev. 110, 5790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hinode, K.

Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hong, B. H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, MRS Bull. 36, 760 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, Adv. Mater 3, 1482 (2011).

L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, Chem. Rev. 110, 5790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huh, M.-S.

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iijima, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inokuti, M.

D. Y. Smith, E. Shiles, and M. Inokuti, in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids I, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985), pp. 369–406.

Irvin, G.

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, Adv. Mater 3, 1482 (2011).

Jeong, S. H.

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Josell, D.

D. Josell, S. H. Brongersma, and Z. Tokei, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 231 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M. G.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kang and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 19, 1391 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-G.

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. R.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-K.

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. I.

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, D.

Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-S.

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lei, T.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mayadas, A. F.

A. F. Mayadas and M. Shatzkes, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1382 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Özyilmaz, B.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pala, R. A.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 12, 3138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schindler, G.

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shatzkes, M.

A. F. Mayadas and M. Shatzkes, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1382 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shiles, E.

D. Y. Smith, E. Shiles, and M. Inokuti, in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids I, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985), pp. 369–406.

Sickmiller, M. E.

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sievenpiper, D. F.

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. Y.

D. Y. Smith, E. Shiles, and M. Inokuti, in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids I, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985), pp. 369–406.

Song, Y. I.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spinelli, P.

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 12, 3138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Steinhögl, W.

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinlesberger, G.

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, K.

Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tokei, Z.

D. Josell, S. H. Brongersma, and Z. Tokei, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 231 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Traving, M.

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van de Groep, J.

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 12, 3138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

White, J.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, MRS Bull. 36, 760 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater (1)

D. S. Hecht, L. Hu, and G. Irvin, Adv. Mater 3, 1482 (2011).

Adv. Mater. (3)

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, Adv. Mater. 21, 3504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kang and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 19, 1391 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, and L. J. Guo, Adv. Mater. 20, 4408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

D. Josell, S. H. Brongersma, and Z. Tokei, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39, 231 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H.-K. Kim, D.-G. Kim, K.-S. Lee, M.-S. Huh, S. H. Jeong, and K. I. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, W. Padilla, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

L. Hu, D. S. Hecht, and G. Grüner, Chem. Rev. 110, 5790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Steinhögl, G. Schindler, G. Steinlesberger, M. Traving, and M. Engelhardt, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023706 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Trans. (1)

Y. Hanaoka, K. Hinode, K. Takeda, and D. Kodama, Mater. Trans. 43, 1621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

MRS Bull. (1)

L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, MRS Bull. 36, 760 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

P. B. Catrysse and S. Fan, Nano Lett. 10, 2944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, Nano Lett. 8, 689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 12, 3138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 574 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. R. Forrest, Nature 428, 911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. F. Mayadas and M. Shatzkes, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1382 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, and E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2480 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, W. Wang, E. Guenther, and S.-J. Chua, Thin Solid Films 394, 201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

Details of our modeling will be reported in S. E. Han and S. M. Clark, “Optical properties of metamaterial serpentine metal electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys., submitted for publication.

S. E. Han, “Suppressing optical absorption in nanostructured metals,” ACS Photonics, submitted for publication.

D. Y. Smith, E. Shiles, and M. Inokuti, in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids I, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985), pp. 369–406.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a unit cell of a serpentine array structure and the coordinate system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Absorptance and (b) reflectance spectra of various serpentine and straight Al wire arrays in vacuum for light incident in the z direction and polarized parallel to the y direction. The wire cross section is 20nm×20nm, d=20nm, and l is varied at a fixed metal area coverage of 0.2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmittance spectra of a serpentine wire array, a straight wire array, and a grid structure of Al in vacuum for unpolarized light. The Al wire cross section is 20nm×20nm, and the metal area fraction is 0.3 for all three structures.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic of Al electrodes on an indium antimonide substrate with a silicon nitride AR coating. The substrate is semi-infinite, and the AR coating is 660 nm thick with a refractive index of 1.9. (b) Spectrum of transmittance into the substrate when the three metal nanostructures in Fig. 3 are placed in the (a) configuration. (c) Metal area fraction dependence of the spectral average transmittance into the substrate for the three metal electrode structures placed in the (a) configuration.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

EmEincd+wl+d+w+whσ02τLh,
A=ωcεm|EmEinc|2fh
R=h24(ωc)2σeffσf|εm1|2|EmEinc|2,
f=w(l+d+w)a(d+w)
σeff=σw(d+w)a(l+d+w).

Metrics