Abstract

An approach to suppress the measurement errors induced by the high-order sidebands of the optical single-sideband (OSSB) signal in the OSSB-based optical vector network analyzer (OVNA) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. An analytical model for studying the measurement errors of the OSSB-based OVNA is established. Results show that the measurement errors introduced by the high-order sidebands can be obtained by suppressing the optical carrier in the OSSB signal. By subtracting these errors from the ordinary frequency responses measured by the OVNA, accurate frequency responses can be achieved. A proof-of-concept experiment is performed. The magnitude and phase responses of a fiber Bragg grating are measured with good coincidence by the OSSB signals with different modulation indices.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2014 (1)

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

2013 (2)

M. Xue, S. L. Pan, X. W. Gu, and Y. J. Zhao, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 928 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 753 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2010 (1)

2004 (2)

R. Hernandez, A. Loayssa, and D. Benito, Opt. Eng. 43, 2418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Loayssa, R. Hernández, D. Benito, and S. Galech, Opt. Lett. 29, 638 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1334 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. E. Román, M. Y. Frankel, and R. D. Esman, Opt. Lett 23, 939 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Alnis, J.

Aubé, M.

Y. Painchaud, M. Aubé, G. Brochu, and M.-J. Picard, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuC3.

Baney, D. M.

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benito, D.

R. Hernandez, A. Loayssa, and D. Benito, Opt. Eng. 43, 2418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Loayssa, R. Hernández, D. Benito, and S. Galech, Opt. Lett. 29, 638 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brasch, V.

Brochu, G.

Y. Painchaud, M. Aubé, G. Brochu, and M.-J. Picard, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuC3.

Esman, R. D.

J. E. Román, M. Y. Frankel, and R. D. Esman, Opt. Lett 23, 939 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fescenko, I.

Frankel, M. Y.

J. E. Román, M. Y. Frankel, and R. D. Esman, Opt. Lett 23, 939 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Galech, S.

Gu, X. W.

Hänsch, T. W.

Hartinger, K.

Hernandez, R.

R. Hernandez, A. Loayssa, and D. Benito, Opt. Eng. 43, 2418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, R.

Herr, T.

Holzwarth, R.

Kippenberg, T. J.

Li, W.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

Liu, J. G.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

Loayssa, A.

Ludvigsen, H.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1334 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Motamedi, A. R.

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Niemi, T.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1334 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Painchaud, Y.

Y. Painchaud, M. Aubé, G. Brochu, and M.-J. Picard, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuC3.

Pan, S. L.

Picard, M.-J.

Y. Painchaud, M. Aubé, G. Brochu, and M.-J. Picard, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuC3.

Riemensberger, J.

Román, J. E.

J. E. Román, M. Y. Frankel, and R. D. Esman, Opt. Lett 23, 939 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sagues, M.

Schliesser, A.

Sun, W. H.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

Tang, Z. Z.

Z. Z. Tang, S. L. Pan, and J. P. Yao, Opt. Express 20, 6555 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Tang and S. L. Pan, in 2013 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2013), paper W4-27.

Uusimaa, M.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1334 (2001).
[CrossRef]

VanWiggeren, G. D.

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Y.

Wang, L. X.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

Wang, M.

M. Wang and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 753 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. T.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

Xue, M.

Yao, J. P.

M. Wang and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 753 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Tang, S. L. Pan, and J. P. Yao, Opt. Express 20, 6555 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. J.

Zhu, N. H.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1334 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 263 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 753 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 866 (2014).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. Hernandez, A. Loayssa, and D. Benito, Opt. Eng. 43, 2418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett (1)

J. E. Román, M. Y. Frankel, and R. D. Esman, Opt. Lett 23, 939 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

Y. Painchaud, M. Aubé, G. Brochu, and M.-J. Picard, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuC3.

Z. Z. Tang and S. L. Pan, in 2013 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2013), paper W4-27.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the proposed OSSB-based OVNA with improved accuracy. PC, polarization controller; RF, radio frequency; PMD, phase-magnitude detector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Filter shapes of the WaveShaper for generating the OSSB signals with and without the optical carrier. (b) Optical spectra of the optical double sideband (ODSB) signal, and the OSSB signal with and without the optical carrier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured magnitude and phase responses when the modulation index is 1.68.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Magnitude and (b) phase responses of the FBG measured with and without error suppression. (c) Magnitude and (d) phase responses measured by the proposed OVNA with different modulation indices and LUNA OVA5000.

Equations (8)

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Ein(ω)=αexp(iβ)A0δ(ωωo)+n=n1,0+An·δ[ω(ωo+nωe)],
Eout(ω)=H(ω)·Ein(ω)=αexp(iβ)A0H(ωo)δ(ωωo)+n=n1·0+H(ωo+nωe)An·δ[ω(ωo+nωe)],
iPD(ωe)=η2παexp(iβ)A+1A0*H(ωo+ωe)H*(ωo)+η2πn=n1,0+An+1An*H[ωo+(n+1)ωe]H*(ωo+nωe),
iPDR(ωe)=η2πA+1A0*H(ωo+ωe)H*(ωo)+η2πn=n1,0+An+1An*H[ωo+(n+1)ωe]H*(ωo+nωe).
iPDE(ωe)=η2πn=n1,0+An+1An*H[ωo+(n+1)ωe]H*(ωo+nωe).
i(ωe)=η2πA+1A0*H(ωo+ωe)H*(ωo).
isys(ωe)=η2πA+1A0*Hsys(ωo+ωe)Hsys*(ωo).
HODUT(ωo+ωe)=i(ωe)isys(ωe)HODUT*(ωo),

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