Abstract

We report on the generation of continuous-wave widely tunable light between 2360 and 2530 nm using difference-frequency generation with a pump tuned between 938 and 952 nm and a signal tuned between 1490 and 1590 nm in a type-II phase-matched monolithic semiconductor waveguide. The device internal conversion efficiency is estimated to be 0.29%W1cm2. This design which uses a single-sided Bragg reflection waveguide has the potential for on-chip spectroscopy, as well as environmental monitoring applications, where a tunable source of coherent radiation tuned between 2 and 3 μm wavelength is desired.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. HITRAN web site, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/hitran/ .
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2014 (1)

2012 (4)

P. Abolghasem, J.-B. Han, D. Kang, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 812 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Abolghasem and A. S. Helmy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Abolghasem, J. Han, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, Opt. Express 18, 12681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Han, P. Abolghasem, D. Kang, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, Opt. Lett. 35, 2334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Razeghi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Farooq, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 075604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Joullié and P. Christol, C. R. Phys. 4, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Levi, T. J. Pinguet, T. Skauli, L. A. Eyres, K. R. Parameswaran, J. S. Harris, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 27, 2091 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

R. L. Byer, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Abolghasem, P.

Allen, M. G.

M. G. Allen, Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M.-C.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Anders, M.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Belkin, M. A.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Berger, V.

P. Bravetti, A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, J. Nagle, and O. Gauthier-Lafaye, Opt. Lett. 23, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bijlani, B. J.

Boehm, G.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bravetti, P.

P. Bravetti, A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, J. Nagle, and O. Gauthier-Lafaye, Opt. Lett. 23, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Byer, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Christol, P.

A. Joullié and P. Christol, C. R. Phys. 4, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Curl, R. F.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eyres, L. A.

Farooq, A.

A. Farooq, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 075604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fiore, A.

P. Bravetti, A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, J. Nagle, and O. Gauthier-Lafaye, Opt. Lett. 23, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier-Lafaye, O.

Gmachl, C.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grasse, C.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Haidar, R.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

Han, J. B.

Han, J.-B.

P. Abolghasem, J.-B. Han, D. Kang, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 812 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

A. Farooq, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 075604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Helmy, A. S.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jeffries, J. B.

A. Farooq, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 075604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Joullié, A.

A. Joullié and P. Christol, C. R. Phys. 4, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, D.

P. Abolghasem, J.-B. Han, D. Kang, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 812 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Han, P. Abolghasem, D. Kang, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, Opt. Lett. 35, 2334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Katz, S.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

Kosterev, A. A.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kupecek, P.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, N.

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lemasson, P.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levi, O.

Lewicki, R.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mahon, R.

McManus, B.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mennerat, G.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, R.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mustelier, A.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nagle, J.

P. Bravetti, A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, J. Nagle, and O. Gauthier-Lafaye, Opt. Lett. 23, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Park, D.

Pinguet, T. J.

Pruessner, M. W.

Pusharsky, M.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rabinovich, W. S.

Razeghi, M.

M. Razeghi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, C. J. K.

Rosencher, E.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Bravetti, A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, J. Nagle, and O. Gauthier-Lafaye, Opt. Lett. 23, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Skauli, T.

Stievater, T. H.

Tittel, F. K.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Triboulet, R.

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vizbaras, A.

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, G.

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Fiore, V. Berger, E. Rosencher, P. Bravetti, N. Laurent, and J. Nagle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3622 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys. (1)

A. Joullié and P. Christol, C. R. Phys. 4, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. F. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. K. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Razeghi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Abolghasem, J.-B. Han, D. Kang, B. J. Bijlani, and A. S. Helmy, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 812 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Haidar, A. Mustelier, P. Kupecek, E. Rosencher, R. Triboulet, P. Lemasson, and G. Mennerat, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

R. L. Byer, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 549 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

A. Farooq, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 075604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Allen, Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Status Solidi C (1)

A. Vizbaras, M. Anders, C. Grasse, S. Katz, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, M. A. Belkin, and M.-C. Amann, Phys. Status Solidi C 9, 298 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

HITRAN web site, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/hitran/ .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Electric field profiles of the TE pump (solid-line), TM signal (dashed-line), and TE idler (dotted-line) in the DFG device. (b) Refractive index profile of the device at pump wavelength.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependence of the idler power on the pump wavelength for fixed signal wavelengths at (a) 1490 nm, (b) 1550 nm, and (c) 1590 nm, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of the idler power on (a) the pump and (b) the signal powers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tuning of signal and idler wavelengths as functions of the pump wavelength. The idler wavelength is obtained using the conservation of energy 1/λi=1/λp1/λs from the pump and signal wavelengths.

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