Abstract

In this Letter we present, for the first time to our knowledge, the results of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) inscription in a novel microstructured multicore fiber characterized by seven single-mode isolated cores. A clear Bragg reflection peak can be observed in all of the 7 cores after one inscription process with a KrF nanosecond laser in a Talbot interferometer set up. We furthermore perform a numerical analysis of the effective refractive indices of the particular modes and compare it with the FBG inscription results. An experimental analysis of the strain and temperature sensitivities of all of the Bragg peaks is also included.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, Nat. Photonics 7, 354 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, and M. Kosihba, Opt. Express 20, 28398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Napierala, E. Beres-Pawlik, T. Nasilowski, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1409 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and D. F. Murphy, Opt. Express 20, 13996 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

K. S. Masanori Koshiba, IEICE Electron. Express 6, 98 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

O. Frazão, J. l. Santos, F. m. Araújo, and L. A. Ferreira, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. W. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Express 16, 19169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2004

M. W. Rothhardt, C. Chojetzki, and H. R. Mueller, Proc. SPIE, 5579, 127 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2001

Abe, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Akamatsu, T.

Albert, J.

J. Albert, Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors: Recent Advancements, Industrial Applications and Market Exploitation (Bentham Science, 2011).

Amezcua-Correa, R.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Antonio-Lopez, E.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Araújo, F. m.

O. Frazão, J. l. Santos, F. m. Araújo, and L. A. Ferreira, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arrioja, D. M.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, A. A.

Askins, C. G.

C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

Bai, N.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

Barton, J. S.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, J. D. C. Jones, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 28, 387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M.

Bennion, I.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, J. D. C. Jones, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 28, 387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beres-Pawlik, E.

M. Napierala, E. Beres-Pawlik, T. Nasilowski, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1409 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Berghmans, F.

Bergmann, J.

Beugin, V.

Bigot, L.

Birks, T. A.

Botten, L. C.

Broczkowska, M.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Brückner, S.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, X.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Chojetzki, C.

Collier, A.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Cruz, J. L.

Díez, A.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dogariu, A.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Douay, M.

Eggleton, B.

Fender, A.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, L. A.

O. Frazão, J. l. Santos, F. m. Araújo, and L. A. Ferreira, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Fleureau, A.

Flockhart, G. M. H.

Franke, M.

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, J. l. Santos, F. m. Araújo, and L. A. Ferreira, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

Gasca, L.

Geernaert, T.

Geng, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

George, D. S.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goto, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Hale, A.

Holdynski, Z.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Howden, R. I.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.-F.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Huang, Y.-K.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Imamura, K.

K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC)—Incudes Post Deadline Papers (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.

Ip, E.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Ishida, I.

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, and M. Kosihba, Opt. Express 20, 28398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Ji, P.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Jones, B.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

Kalli, K.

A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech House, 1999).

Kan, D. J.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 2009).

Kawakami, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kerbage, C.

Kobayashi, T.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Koshiba, M.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

K. Saitoh, T. Matsui, T. Sakamoto, M. Koshiba, and S. Tomita, in 15th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 164–165.

Kosihba, M.

Kubota, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Lancry, M.

Lempereur, S.

Li, G.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Linares, J.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Liñares, J.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lindner, E.

Liu, X.

MacPherson, W. N.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. M. H. Flockhart, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, J. D. C. Jones, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 28, 387 (2003).
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A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

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K. S. Masanori Koshiba, IEICE Electron. Express 6, 98 (2009).
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C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
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S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, and M. Kosihba, Opt. Express 20, 28398 (2012).
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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
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M. Napierala, E. Beres-Pawlik, T. Nasilowski, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1409 (2012).
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T. Geernaert, M. Becker, P. Mergo, T. Nasilowski, J. Wojcik, W. Urbanczyk, M. Rothhardt, C. Chojetzki, H. Bartelt, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1459 (2010).
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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

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C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

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K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC)—Incudes Post Deadline Papers (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC)—Incudes Post Deadline Papers (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.

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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Murphy, D. F.

Napierala, M.

M. Napierala, E. Beres-Pawlik, T. Nasilowski, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1409 (2012).
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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Nasilowski, T.

M. Napierala, E. Beres-Pawlik, T. Nasilowski, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1409 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, M. Becker, P. Mergo, T. Nasilowski, J. Wojcik, W. Urbanczyk, M. Rothhardt, C. Chojetzki, H. Bartelt, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

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D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, Nat. Photonics 7, 354 (2013).
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Okuyama, K.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Ostrowski, L.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

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A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech House, 1999).

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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

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C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, Nat. Photonics 7, 354 (2013).
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C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
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Rothhardt, M. W.

Saitoh, K.

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, and M. Kosihba, Opt. Express 20, 28398 (2012).
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K. Saitoh, T. Matsui, T. Sakamoto, M. Koshiba, and S. Tomita, in 15th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 164–165.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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K. Saitoh, T. Matsui, T. Sakamoto, M. Koshiba, and S. Tomita, in 15th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 164–165.

Sano, A.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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O. Frazão, J. l. Santos, F. m. Araújo, and L. A. Ferreira, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 449 (2008).
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S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, and M. Kosihba, Opt. Express 20, 28398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Smith, G. W.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stanczyk, T.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Statkiewicz-Barabach, G.

Stepien, K.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Suo, R.

A. Fender, W. N. MacPherson, R. Maier, J. S. Barton, D. S. George, R. I. Howden, G. W. Smith, B. Jones, S. McCulloch, X. Chen, R. Suo, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1292 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Szczurowski, M. K.

Szostkiewicz, L.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Szymanski, M.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Takara, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Takenaga, K.

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, and M. Kosihba, Opt. Express 20, 28398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Taunay, T. F.

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Express 19, 16665 (2011).
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B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, M. Fishteyn, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Express 18, 11117 (2010).
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C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

Tenderenda, T.

T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Terryn, H.

Thienpont, H.

Tian, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Tomita, S.

K. Saitoh, T. Matsui, T. Sakamoto, M. Koshiba, and S. Tomita, in 15th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 164–165.

Tsujikawa, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Urbanczyk, W.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Wasserman, L. R.

C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

Webb, D. J.

Westbrook, P.

Windeler, R.

Withford, M. J.

Wojcik, J.

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C. G. Askins, T. F. Taunay, G. A. Miller, B. M. Wright, J. R. Peele, L. R. Wasserman, and E. J. Friebele, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JWA39.

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T. Nasilowski, A. Ziolowicz, M. Szymanski, L. Szostkiewicz, T. Tenderenda, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, Z. Holdynski, L. Ostrowski, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, M. Slowikowski, K. Pawlik, T. Stanczyk, K. Stepien, K. Wysokinski, and M. Broczkowska, InPhoTech Ltd., 17/31 Slominskiego, 00-195 Warsaw, Poland, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Novel optical multicore fibre for next generation telecom transmission systems.”

Xia, C.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Liñares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1914 (2012).
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D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Cross-section of the investigated MCF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

FBG reflection measurement setup: SC, supercontinuum light source; OC, optical fiber circulator; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; SMF, standard single-mode fiber; FS, filament splicer; XYZ, translation stages; MCF, multicore fiber; S/T, strain and temperature application stages; MO, microscope objective; and C, camera.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

FBG reflection spectra for cores: (a) R1, (b) R2, (c) R3, (d) R4, (e) R5, (f) R6, (g) R7, where R1–R6 are the external cores and R7 is the central core.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Bragg wavelength sensitivity to strain (a), (b) and temperature (c), (d) of an FBG written in cores R1 (a), (c) and R7 (b), (d).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Effective Refractive Index (neff), Bragg Wavelength (λB), and Its Strain and Temperature Sensitivities according to Numerical Simulations (Simulation) and Experiments (Experiment) in All of the 7 Cores (where R1–R6 are the External Cores and R7 is the Central Core) of the MCF

Equations (1)

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neff=sin(θ)λBλlaser.

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