Abstract

Free space optical interconnect (FSOI) systems are a promising solution to interconnect bottlenecks in high-speed systems. To overcome some sources of diminished FSOI performance caused by close proximity of multiple optical channels, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems implementing encoding schemes such as space–time block coding (STBC) have been developed. These schemes utilize information pertaining to the optical channel to reconstruct transmitted data. The STBC system is dependent on accurate channel state information (CSI) for optimal system performance. As a result of dynamic changes in optical channels, a system in operation will need to have updated CSI. Therefore, validation of the CSI during operation is a necessary tool to ensure FSOI systems operate efficiently. In this Letter, we demonstrate a method of validating CSI, in real time, through the use of moving averages of the maximum likelihood decoder data, and its capacity to predict the bit error rate (BER) of the system.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Hu, X. Li, J. Yang, and D. Kong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 200 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Wang, A. D. Raki, and M. L. Majewski, Appl. Opt. 41, 3469 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Rachmani, A. Zilberman, and S. Arnon, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 156 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.
  10. H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. B. Chou, K. Yu, and M. C. Wu, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 1107 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. K. Simon and V. A. Vilnrotter, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 35 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. M. Alamouti, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1451 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. V. Chinta, T. P. Kurzweg, D. S. Pfeil, and K. R. Dandekar, in SPIE OPTO: Integrated Optoelectronic Devices (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2009), p. 722116.
  17. P. Stoica and G. Ganesan, Digital Signal Process. 13, 93 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Komninakis, C. Fragouli, A. Sayed, and R. Wesel, in Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, Vol. 3 (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1655–1659.
  19. J. Pang, J. Li, L. Zhao, and Z. Lu, in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th (IEEE, 2007), pp. 651–655.

2012

J. B. Chou, K. Yu, and M. C. Wu, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 1107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Rachmani, A. Zilberman, and S. Arnon, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 156 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. K. Simon and V. A. Vilnrotter, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

P. Stoica and G. Ganesan, Digital Signal Process. 13, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. M. Alamouti, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1451 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1984

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Alameh, K.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.

Alamouti, S. M.

S. M. Alamouti, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1451 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arnon, S.

Athale, R. A.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bright, V.

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chandramani, P.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chinta, S. V.

S. V. Chinta, T. P. Kurzweg, D. S. Pfeil, and K. R. Dandekar, in SPIE OPTO: Integrated Optoelectronic Devices (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2009), p. 722116.

Chou, J. B.

J. B. Chou, K. Yu, and M. C. Wu, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 1107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, M. P.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dandekar, K. R.

S. V. Chinta, T. P. Kurzweg, D. S. Pfeil, and K. R. Dandekar, in SPIE OPTO: Integrated Optoelectronic Devices (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2009), p. 722116.

Ekman, J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fokken, G. J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fragouli, C.

C. Komninakis, C. Fragouli, A. Sayed, and R. Wesel, in Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, Vol. 3 (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1655–1659.

Ganesan, G.

P. Stoica and G. Ganesan, Digital Signal Process. 13, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, B. K.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Haney, M. W.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hino, S.

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hirabayashi, K.

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Horsley, D. A.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Kiamilev, F.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kiyama, L.

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kohama, Y.

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Komninakis, C.

C. Komninakis, C. Fragouli, A. Sayed, and R. Wesel, in Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, Vol. 3 (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1655–1659.

Kong, D.

Kung, S.-Y.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H. P.

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H.-P.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kurzweg, T. P.

S. V. Chinta, T. P. Kurzweg, D. S. Pfeil, and K. R. Dandekar, in SPIE OPTO: Integrated Optoelectronic Devices (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2009), p. 722116.

Lee, S. H.

S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leonberger, F. J.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Pang, J. Li, L. Zhao, and Z. Lu, in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th (IEEE, 2007), pp. 651–655.

Li, X.

Lim, C.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.

Lu, Z.

J. Pang, J. Li, L. Zhao, and Z. Lu, in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th (IEEE, 2007), pp. 651–655.

Ma, J.

S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Majewski, M. L.

Mathai, S.

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mclaren, M.

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D.

D. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Milojkovic, P.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Neff, J.

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.

Ozguz, V. H.

S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pang, J.

J. Pang, J. Li, L. Zhao, and Z. Lu, in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th (IEEE, 2007), pp. 651–655.

Patra, S. K.

S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pfeil, D. S.

S. V. Chinta, T. P. Kurzweg, D. S. Pfeil, and K. R. Dandekar, in SPIE OPTO: Integrated Optoelectronic Devices (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2009), p. 722116.

Rachmani, R.

Raki, A. D.

Rieve, J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, P.

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sayed, A.

C. Komninakis, C. Fragouli, A. Sayed, and R. Wesel, in Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, Vol. 3 (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1655–1659.

Simon, M. K.

M. K. Simon and V. A. Vilnrotter, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Skafidas, E.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.

Stoica, P.

P. Stoica and G. Ganesan, Digital Signal Process. 13, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Straznicky, J.

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tan, M.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tateno, K.

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tuantranont, A.

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vickberg, M.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vilnrotter, V. A.

M. K. Simon and V. A. Vilnrotter, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, R.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.

Wang, R.

Wang, S.-Y.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wesel, R.

C. Komninakis, C. Fragouli, A. Sayed, and R. Wesel, in Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, Vol. 3 (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1655–1659.

Wu, M. C.

J. B. Chou, K. Yu, and M. C. Wu, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 1107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yoxall, B. E.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, K.

J. B. Chou, K. Yu, and M. C. Wu, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 1107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L.

J. Pang, J. Li, L. Zhao, and Z. Lu, in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th (IEEE, 2007), pp. 651–655.

Zilberman, A.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. A

H. P. Kuo, P. Rosenberg, R. Walmsley, S. Mathai, L. Kiyama, J. Straznicky, M. Mclaren, M. Tan, and S.-Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 95, 955 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Digital Signal Process.

P. Stoica and G. Ganesan, Digital Signal Process. 13, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

S. M. Alamouti, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1451 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

B. E. Yoxall, R. Walmsley, H.-P. Kuo, S.-Y. Wang, M. Tan, and D. A. Horsley, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.

M. K. Simon and V. A. Vilnrotter, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. Rachmani, A. Zilberman, and S. Arnon, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 156 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Hino, Y. Kohama, and K. Tateno, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 874 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Microelectromech. Syst.

J. B. Chou, K. Yu, and M. C. Wu, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 1107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Eng.

S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Eng. 33, 1561 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Proc. IEEE 88, 819 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A

A. Tuantranont, V. Bright, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Neff, and Y. Lee, Sens. Actuators A 91, 363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Skafidas, and K. Alameh, in Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–5.

S. V. Chinta, T. P. Kurzweg, D. S. Pfeil, and K. R. Dandekar, in SPIE OPTO: Integrated Optoelectronic Devices (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2009), p. 722116.

C. Komninakis, C. Fragouli, A. Sayed, and R. Wesel, in Communications, 2000. ICC 2000. 2000 IEEE International Conference on, Vol. 3 (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1655–1659.

J. Pang, J. Li, L. Zhao, and Z. Lu, in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th (IEEE, 2007), pp. 651–655.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of H elements in a 2×2 FSOI system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of optical system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER with constant CSI (green) and retrained CSI at H=H4 (red).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Moving average maximum likelihood of last 104 STBCs for 107 transmissions.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Moving average maximum likelihood of last 106 STBCs as H varies from H1 to H6 with constant CSI.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Relationship between mean maximum likelihood and BER.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Table of H Matrices Used for Simulations

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Y=XH+N˜,
Y=T1TN(x11x1NxN1xNN)TX1TXN[h11h1NhN1hNN].
X=T1T2(X1X2X2X1)TX1TX2.
m(X˜,X^)=(X˜X^)2+(hij21)X^2.

Metrics