Abstract

We propose a self-calibrating method for high-frequency response measurement of electro-optic phase modulators based on two-tone modulation. The method utilizes the electrical domain measurement of heterodyning spectrum between the two-tone modulation optical signal and the frequency-shifted optical carrier, and eliminates the need to correct the responsivity fluctuation in the photodetection. High-frequency modulation depth and half-wave voltages are measured and compared to those with the traditional optical spectrum analysis method in the experimental demonstration. The proposed method enables calibration-free and accurate frequency response measurement of electro-optic phase modulators by using high-resolution electrical spectrum analysis.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4628 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Lloret, R. Kumar, S. Sales, F. Ramos, G. Morthier, P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fédéli, and J. Capmany, Opt. Lett. 37, 2379 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, J. Klamkin, H.-F. Chou, C. Sheldon, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and J. Bowers, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 209 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Chi, X. Zou, and J. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 511 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. R. Pagan, B. M. Haas, and T. E. Murphy, Opt. Express 19, 883 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Shi, L. Yan, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2358 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Oikawa, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 682 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2882 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. A. Campbell, A. Knoesen, and D. R. Yankelevich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1330 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Hale and D. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1422 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. E. Andrew, R. Askey, and R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge University, 2001).

2012

J. Lloret, R. Kumar, S. Sales, F. Ramos, G. Morthier, P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fédéli, and J. Capmany, Opt. Lett. 37, 2379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2009

2008

2006

2003

Y. Shi, L. Yan, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2358 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Oikawa, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 682 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Hale and D. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. A. Campbell, A. Knoesen, and D. R. Yankelevich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andrew, G. E.

G. E. Andrew, R. Askey, and R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge University, 2001).

Askey, R.

G. E. Andrew, R. Askey, and R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge University, 2001).

Birkedal, D.

F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.

Campbell, J. A.

J. A. Campbell, A. Knoesen, and D. R. Yankelevich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

Chan, E. H. W.

Chi, H.

Chou, H.-F.

Coldren, L.

Fédéli, J.-M.

Haas, B. M.

Hale, P.

P. Hale and D. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Izutsu, M.

S. Oikawa, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 682 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L. A.

Kawanishi, T.

S. Oikawa, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 682 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klamkin, J.

Knoesen, A.

J. A. Campbell, A. Knoesen, and D. R. Yankelevich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

Liu, J. G.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lloret, J.

Man, J. W.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mechet, P.

Minasian, R. A.

Mørk, J.

F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morthier, G.

Murphy, T. E.

Oikawa, S.

S. Oikawa, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 682 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, N.

Pagan, V. R.

Qi, X. Q.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, A.

Ramos, F.

Rodwell, M.

Romstad, F. P.

F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roy, R.

G. E. Andrew, R. Askey, and R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge University, 2001).

Sales, S.

Seeds, A. J.

Sheldon, C.

Shi, Y.

Spuesens, T.

Van Thourhout, D.

Wang, L. X.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

P. Hale and D. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. J.

Willner, A. E.

Wu, X. M.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xie, L.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

Yankelevich, D. R.

J. A. Campbell, A. Knoesen, and D. R. Yankelevich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N. H.

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Oikawa, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 682 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Romstad, D. Birkedal, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Campbell, A. Knoesen, and D. R. Yankelevich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Wu, J. W. Man, L. Xie, Y. Liu, X. Q. Qi, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 575 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.

P. Hale and D. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, S. Liu, and Y. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

G. E. Andrew, R. Askey, and R. Roy, Special Functions (Cambridge University, 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics