Abstract

We demonstrate twofold enhancement of the saturated refractive index modulation (Δnsat) recorded in a photopolymerizable nanoparticle–acrylate polymer composite film by incorporating thiols acting as chain transfer agents. The chain transfer reaction of thiols with (meth)acrylate monomer reduces the polymer crosslinking density and facilitates the mutual diffusion of nanoparticles and monomer during holographic exposure. These modifications provide increased density modulations of nanoparticles and the formed polymer, resulting in the enhancement of Δnsat as high as 1.6×102 at a wavelength of 532 nm. The incorporation of thiols also leads to shrinkage suppression and to improvement of the grating’s spatial frequency response. Such simultaneous improvement is very useful for holographic applications in light and neutron optics.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).
  2. L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photon. News 14(4), 54 (2003).
  4. N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Opt. Express 14, 12712 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. V. Sakhno, T. N. Smirnova, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 28, 28 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, and V. Toal, Opt. Express 19, 1339 (2011).
  10. Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, and A. Tago, Opt. Lett. 33, 1750 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Hata, K. Mitsube, K. Momose, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 207 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Momose, S. Takayama, E. Hata, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Lett. 37, 2250 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Liu, Y. Adachi, Y. Tomita, J. Oshima, T. Nakashima, and T. Kawai, Opt. Express 20, 13457 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. T. Sheridan and J. R. Lawrence, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1108 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, 4th ed. (Wiley, 1994), Chap. 3, p. 238.
  23. M. R. Gleeson, D. Sabol, S. Liu, C. E. Close, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 396 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Guo, M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Opt. 13, 095602 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  26. N. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 280 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  27. L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  28. T.-M. G. Chu and J. W. Halloran, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2375 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (6)

E. Hata, K. Mitsube, K. Momose, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 207 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Opt. 13, 095602 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, and V. Toal, Opt. Express 19, 1339 (2011).

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photon. News 14(4), 54 (2003).

2002 (1)

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. T. Sheridan and J. R. Lawrence, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T.-M. G. Chu and J. W. Halloran, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2375 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).

1973 (1)

Adachi, Y.

Andersen, K. H.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bair, H.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bichler, M.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, C. N.

T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, C.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carioscia, J.

T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chikama, K.

Chu, T.-M. G.

T.-M. G. Chu and J. W. Halloran, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2375 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Close, C. E.

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photon. News 14(4), 54 (2003).

Dhar, L.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Drevenšek-Olenik, I.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eckerlebe, H.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellaban, M. A.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fally, M.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geltenbort, P.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gleeson, M. R.

Goldenberg, L. M.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, T. N. Smirnova, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 28, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Opt. 13, 095602 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Halloran, J. W.

T.-M. G. Chu and J. W. Halloran, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2375 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hata, E.

Hesselink, L.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hidaka, M.

Ivanov, S.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, T.

Kelly, J. V.

Klepp, J.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kohlbrecher, J.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, T.

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kokhtych, L. M.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kyu, T.

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kzianzou, V.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, J. R.

Lee, T. Y.

T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lemmel, H.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lessard, R. A.

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

Manivannan, G.

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).

Manzin, G.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, S.

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mintova, S.

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, and V. Toal, Opt. Express 19, 1339 (2011).

Mitsube, K.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Hata, K. Mitsube, K. Momose, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 207 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Momose, K.

Moothanchery, M.

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, and V. Toal, Opt. Express 19, 1339 (2011).

Nakamura, T.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, and A. Tago, Opt. Lett. 33, 1750 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakashima, T.

Natarajan, L. V.

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Naydenova, I.

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, and V. Toal, Opt. Express 19, 1339 (2011).

Odian, G.

G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, 4th ed. (Wiley, 1994), Chap. 3, p. 238.

Ohmori, K.

Orlov, S. S.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oshima, J.

Pfeifer, C. S.

C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Plonka-Spehr, C.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pruner, C.

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rauch, H.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rupp, R. A.

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sabol, D.

Sakhno, O. V.

O. V. Sakhno, T. N. Smirnova, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 28, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakho, O. V.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, M.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schones, M. G.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schrader, S.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, Z. R.

C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, J. T.

Smirnova, T. N.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, T. N. Smirnova, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 28, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, Z.

T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stansbury, J. W.

C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stumpe, J.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, T. N. Smirnova, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 28, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

Tago, A.

Takayama, S.

Toal, V.

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, and V. Toal, Opt. Express 19, 1339 (2011).

Tomita, Y.

K. Momose, S. Takayama, E. Hata, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Lett. 37, 2250 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Adachi, Y. Tomita, J. Oshima, T. Nakashima, and T. Kawai, Opt. Express 20, 13457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hata, K. Mitsube, K. Momose, and Y. Tomita, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 207 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, and A. Tago, Opt. Lett. 33, 1750 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, K. Ohmori, M. Hidaka, and K. Chikama, Opt. Express 14, 12712 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, N. Suzuki, and K. Chikama, Opt. Lett. 30, 839 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki and Y. Tomita, Appl. Opt. 43, 2125 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, N.

Wilson, N. D.

C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, T. L.

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yezhov, P. V.

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, K. Mitsube, P. Geltenbort, and M. Fally, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 214104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, M. G. Schones, T. L. Wysocki, H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

T.-M. G. Chu and J. W. Halloran, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2375 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (2)

J. Guo, M. R. Gleeson, S. Liu, and J. T. Sheridan, J. Opt. 13, 095602 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, J. Stumpe, V. Kzianzou, and S. Schrader, J. Opt. 13, 035709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Macromolecules (2)

S. Meng, T. Kyu, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, and T. J. Bunning, Macromolecules 38, 4844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Lee, J. Carioscia, Z. Smith, and C. N. Bowman, Macromolecules 40, 1473 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. C (1)

O. V. Sakhno, T. N. Smirnova, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 28, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (2)

O. V. Sakhno, L. M. Goldenberg, J. Stumpe, and T. N. Smirnova, Nanotechnology 18, 105704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Smirnova, O. V. Sakho, P. V. Yezhov, L. M. Kokhtych, L. M. Goldenberg, and J. Stumpe, Nanotechnology 20, 245707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

G. P. Crawford, Opt. Photon. News 14(4), 54 (2003).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Klepp, C. Pruner, Y. Tomita, C. Plonka-Spehr, P. Geltenbort, S. Ivanov, G. Manzin, K. H. Andersen, J. Kohlbrecher, M. A. Ellaban, and M. Fally, Phys. Rev. A 84, 013621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Fally, J. Klepp, Y. Tomita, T. Nakamura, C. Pruner, M. A. Ellaban, R. A. Rupp, M. Bichler, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, J. Kohlbrecher, H. Eckerlebe, H. Lemmel, and H. Rauch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 123904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polymer (1)

C. S. Pfeifer, N. D. Wilson, Z. R. Shelton, and J. W. Stansbury, Polymer 52, 3295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, Proc. IEEE 92, 1231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. A. Lessard and G. Manivannan, Proc. SPIE 2405, 2 (1995).

Other (1)

G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, 4th ed. (Wiley, 1994), Chap. 3, p. 238.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Chemical structures of (a) acrylate and (b) mono–thiol monomers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Temporal traces of conversions of the monomer–thiol mixtures at various mono–thiol concentrations.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Rp versus relative conversion for the monomer–thiol mixture at various mono–thiol concentrations.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of Δnsat on molar concentration of mono–thiol. The grating spacing is 1 μm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of σ on molar concentration of mono–thiol. The grating spacing is 1 μm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Grating spacing dependence of Δnsat without and with 33 mol. % mono–thiols.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Mn·+XAMnX+A·(Chain-transfer),A·+MM1·(Reinitiation),

Metrics