Abstract

We report the first fabrication, to our knowledge, of polarization-rocking filters in highly birefringent elliptical microfibers. A rocking filter was made by periodically heating/twisting a microfiber with an ellipticity of 0.7 and a diameter of 2.8μm along its major axis. Strong input polarization suppression of 20dB was achieved at a resonant wavelength of 1556.4nm with a device length of 3mm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).
  20. L. Zang, “Structural rocking filters in photonic crystal fiber,” Ph.D. dissertation (University Erlangen-Nurnberg, 2010).

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2010 (2)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Kakarantzas, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, T. A. Birks, P. S. Rusell, L. Farr, F. Couny, and B. J. Mangan, Opt. Lett. 28, 158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouelette, and C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Opt. Lett. 18, 1013 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Krautschik, P. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

M. Berwick, C. N. Pannell, P. S. Russell, and D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 27, 713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. S. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Anuszkiewicz, A.

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Berwick, M.

M. Berwick, C. N. Pannell, P. S. Russell, and D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 27, 713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Brambilla, G.

Chen, X. W.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

de Sterke, C. M.

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouelette, and C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Farr, L.

Finazzi, V.

Gattass, R. R.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hand, D. P.

P. S. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V. A.

He, S. L.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

M. Berwick, C. N. Pannell, P. S. Russell, and D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 27, 713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kanellopoulos, S. E.

Kang, M.

Kim, B. Y.

Kolesik, M.

Krautschik, C. G.

C. G. Krautschik, P. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. J.

Liu, L.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J. Y.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

Maxwell, I.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Ouelette, F.

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouelette, and C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pannell, C. N.

M. Berwick, C. N. Pannell, P. S. Russell, and D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 27, 713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. C.

Park, H. S.

Pleibel, W.

Psaila, D. C.

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouelette, and C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Rogers, A. J.

Rusell, P. S.

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S.

M. Berwick, C. N. Pannell, P. S. Russell, and D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 27, 713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scharrer, M.

Shen, M. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Statkiewicz-Barabach, G.

Stegeman, G. I.

C. G. Krautschik, P. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

C. G. Krautschik, P. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, W. Pleibel, and J. M. Dziedzic, Opt. Lett. 9, 300 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Tong, L. M.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Urbanczyk, W.

Wang, C.

Wigley, P.

C. G. Krautschik, P. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wojcik, J.

Xuan, H.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

Zang, L.

L. Zang, M. Kang, M. Kolesik, M. Scharrer, and P. Russell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1742 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zang, “Structural rocking filters in photonic crystal fiber,” Ph.D. dissertation (University Erlangen-Nurnberg, 2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouelette, and C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Krautschik, P. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Berwick, C. N. Pannell, P. S. Russell, and D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 27, 713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, Nano Lett. 5, 259 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984).

L. Zang, “Structural rocking filters in photonic crystal fiber,” Ph.D. dissertation (University Erlangen-Nurnberg, 2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup for fabricating PRFs in a Hi-Bi microfiber. BLS, broadband light source; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Characteristics of a rocking filter with 3.46° twist angle and 13 rocking periods. (a) Transmitted polarization and total output power spectrums in dB scale. (b) Normalized spectrums of coupled and transmitted polarizations in linear scale. Dashed lines, theory; solid lines, experiment.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated phase (black line) and group (red line) birefringence and polarization beat length (blue line) as functions of optical wavelength. The measured group birefringence is shown as the dark yellow triangle.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmitted spectrum of a second-order rocking filter with 2.6° effective twist angle and 17 periods. Solid line, measured results; dashed line, calculated results; dotted line, measured total output. (b) Normalized spectrums for transmitted (solid line) and coupled (dashed line) polarizations.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral response of the PRF to temperature.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P(L)=κ2κ2+(δ/2)2sin2(κ2+(δ/2)2L),
δ=(βfβs)2mπΛ=2π(1LBmΛ),
Δλ3dBλ02BgL,

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