Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a temperature insensitive single-mode–multimode–single-mode fiber optic structure consisting of two in-series multimode fibers of appropriate lengths and of opposite temperature sensitivities. A simple approximate expression to estimate the required length ratio of the multimode fiber sections has also been derived whose prediction is found in good agreement with the experiment. The study should be useful in realizing various fiber optic devices based on multimode interference with zero temperature cross sensitivity.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

W. S. Mohammed, P. W. E. Smith, and X. Gu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Li, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aguilar, R.

Arrioja, D.

Bock, W. J.

Dong, B.

Gu, X.

Guzman, A.

Hao, E. J.

Johnson, E. G.

Kumar, A.

Kumar, M.

Lee, A. W.

Li, E.

E. Li, Opt. Lett. 32, 2064 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Li, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y.

Liu, W.-K.

Lopez, J.

Mackie, D. M.

Marin, E.

Mehta, A.

Meunier, J. P.

S. M. Tripathi, A. Kumar, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 799 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Tripathi, A. Kumar, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2348 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meunier, J.-P.

Mohammed, W. S.

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tripathi, S. M.

Wa, P.

Wang, X.

E. Li, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

Yylmaz, Y. O.

Zhang, C.

E. Li, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, D.-P.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed SMS structure consisting of two MMFs in series.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectrum of the SMS structure employing (a) MMF-1 (IXFIBER-Ge), showing red spectral shift, and (b) MMF-2 (IXFIBER-P), showing blue spectral shift with increasing temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temperature sensitivity calculated at various transmission minima for SMS structure employing MMF-1 (red circles) and MMF-2 (blue squares).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectrum of the SMS structure consisting of MMF-1 and MMF-2 having (a) L1/L2=1, showing blue spectral shift with increasing temperature, (b) L1/L2=1.2, showing an almost temperature insensitive transmission, and (c) L1/L2=1.5, showing red spectral shift with increasing temperature.

Equations (8)

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ΔΦ1(T,λ)=Φ1TΔT+Φ1λΔλ.
η1=ΔλΔT=Φ1T(Φ1λ)1=α1Δβ1+(Δβ1)/T(Δβ1)/λ,
η2=α2Δβ2+(Δβ2)/T(Δβ2)/λ,
Φ(T,λ)T=0,
(L1Δβ1)T=(L2Δβ2)TL1(α1Δβ1+(Δβ1)T)=L2(α2Δβ2+(Δβ2)T).
L1L2=η2η1((Δβ2)λ/(Δβ1)λ).
L1(Δβ1)λ=2π11.03(Δβ1)λ=0.1813πL1(nm·cm)1
L2(Δβ2)λ=2π8.63(Δβ2)λ=0.2318πL2(nm·cm)1.

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