Abstract

An integrated dual-ring ratio-metric wavelength monitor (DR-RMWM) with ultra-high wavelength resolution and compact size is demonstrated. Two microrings are used as the edge filters and designed to achieve an “X-type” spectral response in a particular wavelength range. It is fabricated with the CMOS-compatible fabrication process on the silicon-on-insulator. The measured wavelength resolution is 5 pm in a 1.2 nm wide wavelength range. By tuning the resonant wavelength thermally, the functional wavelength range can be shifted. The DR-RMWM can find applications in wavelength monitoring systems, especially the on-chip systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (1)

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

2009 (1)

A. M. Hatta, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, Proc. SPIE 7356, 73561N (2009).

2008 (1)

A. M. Hatta, G. Farrell, and Q. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7100, 710023 (2008).

2007 (2)

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

Q. Wang, G. Rajan, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 46, 6362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

C. Sookdhis, T. Mei, and H. S. Djie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. G. Xu, H. Geiger, and J. P. Dakin, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 391 (1996).

1993 (1)

Berkoff, T. A.

Brambilla, G.

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

Chen, P. L.

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, W. C.

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dakin, J. P.

M. G. Xu, H. Geiger, and J. P. Dakin, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 391 (1996).

Djie, H. S.

C. Sookdhis, T. Mei, and H. S. Djie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, G.

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

A. M. Hatta, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, Proc. SPIE 7356, 73561N (2009).

A. M. Hatta, G. Farrell, and Q. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7100, 710023 (2008).

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

Q. Wang, G. Rajan, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 46, 6362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, T. Freir, G. Rajan, and P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Freir, T.

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, T. Freir, G. Rajan, and P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Geiger, H.

M. G. Xu, H. Geiger, and J. P. Dakin, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 391 (1996).

Hao, Y.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Hatta, A. M.

A. M. Hatta, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, Proc. SPIE 7356, 73561N (2009).

A. M. Hatta, G. Farrell, and Q. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7100, 710023 (2008).

Hu, T.

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

Lee, K. Y.

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. Y.

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lin, K. C.

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mei, T.

C. Sookdhis, T. Mei, and H. S. Djie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

Pei, C.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, C.

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, H.

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rajan, G.

A. M. Hatta, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, Proc. SPIE 7356, 73561N (2009).

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

Q. Wang, G. Rajan, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 46, 6362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, T. Freir, G. Rajan, and P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, P. B.

Sano, Y.

Semenova, Y.

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

A. M. Hatta, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, Proc. SPIE 7356, 73561N (2009).

Shi, W.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Song, M.

Sookdhis, C.

C. Sookdhis, T. Mei, and H. S. Djie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, Y. C.

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

Q. Wang, G. Rajan, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 46, 6362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, T. Freir, G. Rajan, and P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

A. M. Hatta, G. Farrell, and Q. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7100, 710023 (2008).

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

Q. Wang, G. Rajan, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 46, 6362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, T. Freir, G. Rajan, and P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

Xu, M. G.

M. G. Xu, H. Geiger, and J. P. Dakin, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 391 (1996).

Yang, B.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S.

Yoshino, T.

Yu, H.

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, P.

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Hu, P. Yu, C. Qiu, H. Qiu, F. Wang, M. Yang, X. Jiang, H. Yu, and J. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 0111112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Hu, W. Wang, C. Qiu, P. Yu, H. Qiu, Y. Zhao, X. Jiang, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Yang, W. Shi, C. Pei, H. Yu, X. Jiang, Y. Hao, Y. Li, and J. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 433 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Sookdhis, T. Mei, and H. S. Djie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Chen, K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, Y. C. Tzeng, K. Y. Lee, and W. Y. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Y. Sano and T. Yoshino, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 132 (2003).

M. G. Xu, H. Geiger, and J. P. Dakin, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 391 (1996).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (3)

A. M. Hatta, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, and Y. Semenova, Proc. SPIE 7356, 73561N (2009).

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, and G. Farrell, Proc. SPIE 8073, 80731N (2011).

A. M. Hatta, G. Farrell, and Q. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7100, 710023 (2008).

Sens. Actuators A (1)

Q. Wang, G. Farrell, P. Wang, G. Rajan, and T. Freir, Sens. Actuators A 134, 405 (2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the dual-ring ratio-metric wavelength monitor (DR-RMWM).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulation results of the two microrings.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Top view of the DR-RMWM on SOI.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmission response and (b) output ratio of the DR-RMWM.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured resolution of DR-RMWM. Start from 193.9223 THz, and the step is 600 MHz, which is about 5 pm.

Equations (1)

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WR=NK,

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