Abstract

We report the first stable mode-locking from an Er3+: fluoride glass fiber laser linear cavity operating near 3 μm to the best of our knowledge. The linear cavity includes a saturable absorber mirror and a fiber Bragg grating to provide a controlled and wavelength selective feedback. The pulse train has a 51.75 MHz repetition rate, an estimated 60 ps pulse duration, and an average power of 440 mW. The stable and self-starting mode-locking regime is confirmed by RF spectral measurements and is maintained over several hours.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (3)

2011 (2)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Commun. 236, 379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1996 (2)

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Bernier, M.

Caron, N.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, D. Faucher, N. Caron, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 17, 16941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Coleman, D. J.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Commun. 236, 379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Copic, M.

Dagenais, M.

El-Amraoui, M.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, D.

Fermann, M.

Fortin, V.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fox, S.

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[CrossRef]

Frerichs, C.

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Harter, D.

Hashida, M.

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[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

Hönninger, C.

Hu, T.

Hu, Y.

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T. Huber, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, and D. F. Hochstrasser, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 1171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D.

Hundertmark, H.

Jackson, S.

Jackson, S. D.

Jansen, E. D.

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Jimenez, J.

Keller, U.

King, T. A.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Commun. 236, 379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D.-K.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Commun. 236, 379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kolomenskii, A. A.

Konz, F.

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, J. A.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Commun. 236, 379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Liu, Y.

Lüthy, W.

T. Huber, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, and D. F. Hochstrasser, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 1171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marincek, M.

Messaddeq, Y.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Moser, M.

Murakami, M.

Norwood, R.

Norwood, R. A.

Paschotta, R.

Petkovšek, R.

Peyghambarian, N.

Pratisto, H.

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sakabe, S.

Saliminia, A.

Schuessler, H. A.

Sheng, Y.

Shimizu, S.

Song, F.

Strohaber, J.

Sucha, G.

Theobald, C.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tokita, S.

Unrau, U. B.

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

Wallenstein, R.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

T. Huber, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, and D. F. Hochstrasser, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 1171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

Weitz, M.

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Welch, A. J.

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, F.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Theobald, M. Weitz, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’Huillier, Appl. Phys. B 92, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Frenz, H. Pratisto, F. Konz, E. D. Jansen, A. J. Welch, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2025 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Commun. 236, 379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Huber, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, and D. F. Hochstrasser, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 1171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

“BATOP, GmbH.” URL www.batop.de/products/saturable-absorber/saturable-absorber-mirror/saturable-absorber-mirror-3000  nm.html .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the stable passively mode-locked Er3+, fluoride glass FL. DM, dichroic mirror at 22.5° (HT at 974 nm, HR at 2800 nm); L1, L2, L3, L4—coupling lenses; SESAM, saturable absorber mirror; and CMS, cladding mode stripper.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output power with respect to the incident pump power. The three operation regimes are also shown.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transitory RF spectra at 2.5 W incident pump power showing sequentially (a) the QML, (b) a transition regime, and (c) the stable CML regime. RO, relaxation oscillation peaks.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse trains at 2.5 W incident pump power showing sequentially (a)–(b) the QML, (c)–(d) a transition regime and (e)–(f) the stable CML regime over long and short time scales.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectra of the QML and the CML regimes (left axis) and the FBG transmission spectrum (right axis). The FWHM bandwidths are 0.08 nm (QML), 0.14 nm (CML), and 2 nm (FBG) respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

RF spectra (a) spanning from 0 to 1 GHz (20 kHz resolution bandwidth) and (b) focused around the first harmonic (2 kHz resolution bandwidth). The incident pump power was about 3 W.

Equations (1)

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NEp2>Ep,c2=Esat,LEsat,AΔR=(Fsat,LALFsat,AAA)ΔR,

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