Abstract

We analytically propose radially oscillating and quasi-guided surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) by designing the outer and core dielectric permittivities εa and εc of a cylindrical metallic nanotube. When the propagation constant satisfies εa<Re(kz/k0)<εc, the electromagnetic field propagates along the radial direction in the core region and decays outside the nanotube, forming a standing radially oscillating SPP. In contrast, when εc<Re(kz/k0)<εa, the electromagnetic field decays in the core region and propagates outside the nanotube, forming a quasi-guided SPP. The propagation length of both SPPs can reach tens of micrometers, in particular, the radially oscillating SPPs have an ultrastrong light confinement. Finally, we design position-flexible broadband plasmonic router based on quasi-guided SPPs, and we also discuss the advantages of a nanolaser based on radially oscillating SPPs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Wokaun, J. Gordon, and P. Liao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Danckwerts and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Diukman, L. Tzabari, N. Berkovitch, N. Tessler, and M. Orenstein, Opt. Express 19, A64 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Pfeiffer, E. Economou, and K. Ngai, Phys. Rev. B 10, 3038 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Novotny and C. Hafner, Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 22, 475 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Handapangoda, M. Premaratne, I. D. Rukhlenko, and C. Jagadish, Opt. Express 19, 16058 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Song, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Dong, E. Di Fabrizio, M. Yu, and G. Lo, Opt. Express 19, 25206 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Peng-Fei, G. Ying, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. B 17, 3880 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. U. Schröter and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125420 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Liscidini and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115335 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory, Vol. 33 (Wiley, 2007).
  24. S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. P. B. Johnson and R.-W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. P. Berini and I. De Leon, Nat. Photonics 6, 16 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. I. De Leon and P. Berini, Nat. Photonics 4, 382 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  30. D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  31. A. Maslov and C. Ning, in Integrated Optoelectronic Devices 2007 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2007), p. 64680I.
  32. K. Ikeda and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 1981 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  33. C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  34. D. Singh, M. Raghuwanshi, and G. P. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 111111 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  35. R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  36. L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  37. A. Moradi, Plasmonics 8, 1509 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Ikeda and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 1981 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Moradi, Plasmonics 8, 1509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

D. Singh, M. Raghuwanshi, and G. P. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 111111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (7)

D. Handapangoda, M. Premaratne, I. D. Rukhlenko, and C. Jagadish, Opt. Express 19, 16058 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Dong, E. Di Fabrizio, M. Yu, and G. Lo, Opt. Express 19, 25206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Diukman, L. Tzabari, N. Berkovitch, N. Tessler, and M. Orenstein, Opt. Express 19, A64 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini and I. De Leon, Nat. Photonics 6, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Nat. Photonics 4, 382 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115335 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. Peng-Fei, G. Ying, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. B 17, 3880 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Danckwerts and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

U. Schröter and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (2)

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

A. Wokaun, J. Gordon, and P. Liao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

C. Pfeiffer, E. Economou, and K. Ngai, Phys. Rev. B 10, 3038 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R.-W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, A.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F. I.

F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bao-Qing, S.

S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Belkhir, A.

F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, J.

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

P. Berini and I. De Leon, Nat. Photonics 6, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Nat. Photonics 4, 382 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berkovitch, N.

Bouchon, P.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bursill, L.

L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cao, L.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R.-W.

P. B. Johnson and R.-W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dai, L.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Danckwerts, M.

M. Danckwerts and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Danz, N.

M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Leon, I.

P. Berini and I. De Leon, Nat. Photonics 6, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Nat. Photonics 4, 382 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

U. Schröter and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Derkacs, D.

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Di Fabrizio, E.

Diukman, I.

Dong, G.

Economou, E.

C. Pfeiffer, E. Economou, and K. Ngai, Phys. Rev. B 10, 3038 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Y.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fitzgerald, J.

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Q.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gather, M. C.

M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gladden, C.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A.

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J.

A. Wokaun, J. Gordon, and P. Liao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S. K.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gu, Y.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hafner, C.

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Haïdar, R.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Handapangoda, D.

Hemmer, P.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J.

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, K.

Jaeck, J.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jagadish, C.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Handapangoda, M. Premaratne, I. D. Rukhlenko, and C. Jagadish, Opt. Express 19, 16058 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, N.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R.-W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

Khanal, B. P.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Koechlin, C.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Konenkamp, R.

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, G. P.

D. Singh, M. Raghuwanshi, and G. P. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 111111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lafosse, X.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lamrous, O.

F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liao, P.

A. Wokaun, J. Gordon, and P. Liao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S.

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liscidini, M.

M. Liscidini and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115335 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lo, G.

Lukin, M.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, R.-M.

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S.

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mar, W.

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maslov, A.

A. Maslov and C. Ning, in Integrated Optoelectronic Devices 2007 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2007), p. 64680I.

Matheu, P.

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McEnery, K.

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Meerholz, K.

M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mokkapati, S.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moradi, A.

A. Moradi, Plasmonics 8, 1509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, A.

Mukherjee, A.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nadarajah, A.

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ngai, K.

C. Pfeiffer, E. Economou, and K. Ngai, Phys. Rev. B 10, 3038 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ning, C.

A. Maslov and C. Ning, in Integrated Optoelectronic Devices 2007 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2007), p. 64680I.

Nordlander, P.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

M. Danckwerts and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Olson, D.

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, M.

Oulton, R. F.

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Özdemir, S.

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pardo, F.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parkinson, P.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pelouard, J.-L.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pelton, M.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peng-Fei, Y.

Y. Peng-Fei, G. Ying, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. B 17, 3880 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, C.

C. Pfeiffer, E. Economou, and K. Ngai, Phys. Rev. B 10, 3038 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Prawer, S.

L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Premaratne, M.

Qi-Huang, G.

S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Peng-Fei, G. Ying, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. B 17, 3880 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Raghuwanshi, M.

D. Singh, M. Raghuwanshi, and G. P. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 111111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ren, P.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rukhlenko, I. D.

Saliba, S.

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Saxena, D.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, N. F.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schröter, U.

U. Schröter and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Singh, D.

D. Singh, M. Raghuwanshi, and G. P. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 111111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J.

M. Liscidini and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115335 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

Sorger, V. J.

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stadelmann, P. A.

L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stratton, J. A.

J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory, Vol. 33 (Wiley, 2007).

Sun, B.

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takahara, J.

Taki, H.

Tame, M.

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. H.

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tessler, N.

Tong, L.

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tzabari, L.

Van Labeke, D.

F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wild, B.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wokaun, A.

A. Wokaun, J. Gordon, and P. Liao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Word, R. C.

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xiao-Yong, H.

S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, S.

Ying, G.

S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Peng-Fei, G. Ying, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. B 17, 3880 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, E.

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.

Zaccaria, R. P.

Zentgraf, T.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A.

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zubarev, E. R.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (1)

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, ACS Nano 6, 472 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

D. Derkacs, S. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Singh, M. Raghuwanshi, and G. P. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 111111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Konenkamp, R. C. Word, J. Fitzgerald, A. Nadarajah, and S. Saliba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

Y. Peng-Fei, G. Ying, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. B 17, 3880 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Bao-Qing, G. Ying, H. Xiao-Yong, and G. Qi-Huang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 057303 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

L. Wang, Y. Gu, X. Hu, B. Sun, L. Tong, and Q. Gong, Europhys. Lett. 96, 37002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

Y. Gu, L. Wang, P. Ren, J. Zhang, T. Zhang, O. J. Martin, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 2488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, Nano Lett. 10, 1950 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

R.-M. Ma, R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 10, 110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (5)

P. Berini and I. De Leon, Nat. Photonics 6, 16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. De Leon and P. Berini, Nat. Photonics 4, 382 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, Nat. Photonics 4, 457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Saxena, S. Mokkapati, P. Parkinson, N. Jiang, Q. Gao, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, Nat. Photonics 7, 963 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Tame, K. McEnery, Ş. Özdemir, J. Lee, S. Maier, and M. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

A. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. Yu, D. Chang, A. Zibrov, P. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. Lukin, Nature 450, 402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (7)

F. I. Baida, A. Belkhir, D. Van Labeke, and O. Lamrous, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Schröter and A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. Sipe, Phys. Rev. B 81, 115335 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Wokaun, J. Bergman, J. Heritage, A. Glass, P. Liao, and D. Olson, Phys. Rev. B 24, 849 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. Pfeiffer, E. Economou, and K. Ngai, Phys. Rev. B 10, 3038 (1974).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R.-W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

L. Bursill, P. A. Stadelmann, J. Peng, and S. Prawer, Phys. Rev. B 49, 2882 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Danckwerts and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Wokaun, J. Gordon, and P. Liao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Plasmonics (1)

A. Moradi, Plasmonics 8, 1509 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Maslov and C. Ning, in Integrated Optoelectronic Devices 2007 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2007), p. 64680I.

J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory, Vol. 33 (Wiley, 2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of plasmon nanotube. (b) Propagation constants and (c) propagation lengths of five radially oscillating SPPs for n=1. Here, the parameters are λ=633nm, εc=9.0, εa=2.25, and d=30nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Six components of electromagnetic fields of mode 1 and total electric fields of five radially oscillating modes in Fig. 1. Core radii are r0=260nm (mode 1), 320 nm (mode 2), 330 nm (mode 3), 330 nm (mode 4), and 330 nm (mode 5), respectively. Electromagnetic field is normalized by setting Re[E] to 1 at the interface of the metal layer and the outside region.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Propagation constants, (b) propagation lengths, and (c) penetration depths of the plasmon nanotube modes for n=1 as a function of the core radius. Quasi-guided SPPs are marked in Fig. 3(a). (d) Total electrical fields of typical SPP and quasi-guided SPP for r0=300nm. Other parameters are λ=633nm, d=30nm, εc=2.25, and εa=2.89.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic diagram of router based on quasi-guided SPPs.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{Er=[ikzkrjfnj(krjr)μjwnkrj2rcgnj(krjr)]·SnEφ=[nkzkrj2rfnj(krjr)iμjwkrjcgnj(krjr)]·SnEz=fnj(krjr)·Sn,Hz=gnj(krjr)·SnHr=[nεjwkrj2rcfnj(krjr)+ikzkrjgnj(krjr)]·SnHφ=[iεjwkrjcfnj(krjr)nkzkrj2rgnj(krjr)]·Sn

Metrics