Abstract

A unidirectional plasmonic coupler with ultra-broadband and wide-angle coupling efficiency is proposed and demonstrated. Employing the plasmonic critical angle (PCA) phenomenon in conjunction with the effect of subwavelength metallic gratings, a wide incident angular full-width-half-maximum (AFWHM >28°) coupling efficiency larger than 50% and extinction ratio better than 15 dB over an ultrabroad wavelength range 725–985 nm (bandwidth >260nm) are achieved. The operation principle and performance of the structure are clarified and theoretically illustrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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