Abstract

Laser experiments with Pr3+:LiYF4 under excitation with a frequency doubled optically pumped semiconductor laser emitting 5 W at 479 nm were performed at seven different laser wavelengths of 523, 546, 604, 607, 640, 698, and 720 nm. At all these wavelengths the output power exceeded 1 W. The best performance at 523 nm with an output power of 2.9 W at a slope efficiency of 72% and an optical-to-optical efficiency of 67% with respect to the incident pump power represents the highest efficiency ever reported for a praseodymium-doped laser material.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

2009

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínkova, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, Opt. Express 17, 20227 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

V. Ostroumov and W. Seelert, Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711K (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

A. Richter, H. Scheife, E. Heumann, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Electron. Lett. 41, 794 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-A. Conchello and J. W. Lichtman, Nat. Methods 2, 920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kück, and E. Sani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S.-I. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, H. Kiyoku, and Y. Sugimoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sutherland, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and B. T. H. Chai, Opt. Lett. 21, 797 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

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[CrossRef]

S. C. Goh, R. Pattie, C. Byrne, and D. Coulson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 768 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. B 58, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Malinowski, M. F. Joubert, and B. Jacquir, Phys. Status Solidi A 140, K49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

B. W. Woods, S. A. Payne, J. E. Marion, R. S. Hughes, and L. E. Davis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 970 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smart, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, and D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 27, 1307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1982

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, and L. S. Goldberg, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1971

F. Varsanyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 169 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1963

R. Solomon and L. Mueller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 135 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962

A. Yariv, S. P. S. Porto, and K. Nassau, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 2519 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1960

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Allain, J. Y.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Allen, R.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, and L. S. Goldberg, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Baier, J.

U. Weichmann, J. Baier, J. Bengoechea, and H. Moench, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper CJ-347.

Bartoli, F.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, and L. S. Goldberg, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650 (1977).
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Basiev, T. T.

Benayad, A.

Bengoechea, J.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Morcorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, Opt. Lett. 32, 1462 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Weichmann, J. Baier, J. Bengoechea, and H. Moench, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper CJ-347.

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T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
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Bolaños, W.

Brasse, G.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
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B. Xu, Z. Liu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, C. Zeng, S. Huang, Y. Yan, F. Wang, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Commun. 305, 96 (2013).
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[CrossRef]

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S. C. Goh, R. Pattie, C. Byrne, and D. Coulson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 768 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z.

B. Xu, Z. Liu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, C. Zeng, S. Huang, Y. Yan, F. Wang, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Commun. 305, 96 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Express 19, 1191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Calmano, T.

Camy, P.

Carter, S. F.

R. G. Smart, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, and D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 27, 1307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

S. Ruan, J. M. Sutherland, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and B. H. T. Chai, Opt. Lett. 20, 1041 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. B 58, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. T. H.

Conchello, J.-A.

J.-A. Conchello and J. W. Lichtman, Nat. Methods 2, 920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coulson, D.

S. C. Goh, R. Pattie, C. Byrne, and D. Coulson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 768 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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E. Heumann, C. Czeranowsky, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 86.

Danger, T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. B 58, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

R. G. Smart, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, and D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 27, 1307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L. E.

Diening, A.

A. Richter, H. Scheife, E. Heumann, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Electron. Lett. 41, 794 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Opt. Lett. 29, 2638 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, A. Richter, G. Huber, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CFE2.

Doroshenko, M. E.

Doualan, J. L.

Doualan, J.-L.

Engler, S.

S. Engler, R. Ramsayer, and R. Poprawe, Phys. Procedia 12, 339 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, and L. S. Goldberg, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínkova, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goh, S. C.

S. C. Goh, R. Pattie, C. Byrne, and D. Coulson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 768 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L. S.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, and L. S. Goldberg, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Gün, T.

T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett 36, 1002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

R. G. Smart, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, and D. Szebesta, Electron. Lett. 27, 1307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, N.-O.

Hara, I.

Hegarty, J.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

A. Richter, H. Scheife, E. Heumann, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Electron. Lett. 41, 794 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Opt. Lett. 29, 2638 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kück, and E. Sani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. B 58, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Heumann, C. Czeranowsky, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 86.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, A. Richter, G. Huber, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CFE2.

Huang, S.

B. Xu, Z. Liu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, C. Zeng, S. Huang, Y. Yan, F. Wang, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Commun. 305, 96 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Huber, D. L.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

F. Reichert, T. Calmano, S. Müller, D.-T. Marzahl, P. W. Metz, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 38, 2698 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Metz, S. Müller, F. Reichert, D.-T. Marzahl, F. Moglia, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 21, 31274 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Reichert, F. Moglia, D.-T. Marzahl, P. Metz, M. Fechner, N.-O. Hansen, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 20, 20387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Reichert, D.-T. Marzahl, P. Metz, M. Fechner, N.-O. Hansen, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 37, 4889 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett 36, 1002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konyushkin, D. V. Konyushkin, M. E. Doroshenko, G. Huber, F. Reichert, N.-O. Hansen, and M. Fechner, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 1511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, H. Scheife, E. Heumann, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Electron. Lett. 41, 794 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, Opt. Lett. 29, 2638 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kück, and E. Sani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. B 58, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 58, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, A. Richter, G. Huber, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CFE2.

E. Heumann, C. Czeranowsky, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 86.

Hügel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, R. S.

Iwasa, N.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S.-I. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, H. Kiyoku, and Y. Sugimoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jacquir, B.

M. Malinowski, M. F. Joubert, and B. Jacquir, Phys. Status Solidi A 140, K49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jelínkova, H.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínkova, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, Appl. Phys. B 97, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, M. F.

M. Malinowski, M. F. Joubert, and B. Jacquir, Phys. Status Solidi A 140, K49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kasuga, K.

Kellner, T.

E. Heumann, C. Czeranowsky, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 86.

Kiyoku, H.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S.-I. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, H. Kiyoku, and Y. Sugimoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Konyushkin, D. V.

Konyushkin, V. A.

Kränkel, C.

Kruer, M.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, and L. S. Goldberg, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, Y.

Kück, S.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kück, and E. Sani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lichtman, J. W.

J.-A. Conchello and J. W. Lichtman, Nat. Methods 2, 920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

B. Xu, Z. Liu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, C. Zeng, S. Huang, Y. Yan, F. Wang, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, and R. Moncorgé, Opt. Commun. 305, 96 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maiman, T. H.

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

M. Malinowski, M. F. Joubert, and B. Jacquir, Phys. Status Solidi A 140, K49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marion, J. E.

Marzahl, D.-T.

Metz, P.

Metz, P. W.

Moench, H.

U. Weichmann, J. Baier, J. Bengoechea, and H. Moench, in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper CJ-347.

Moglia, F.

Moncorgé, R.

Monerie, M.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morcorgé, R.

Mueller, L.

R. Solomon and L. Mueller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 3, 135 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Müller, S.

Nagahama, S.-I.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S.-I. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, H. Kiyoku, and Y. Sugimoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S.-I. Nagahama, N. Iwasa, T. Yamada, H. Kiyoku, and Y. Sugimoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L74 (1996).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Energy level scheme and selected transitions of Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 .

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the v-type laser setup used for the experiments.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Input–output characteristics of the Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 lasers at emission wavelengths of 523, 545, 604, 607, 640, 698, and 720 nm. The respective T OC can be found in Table 1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical-to-optical efficiencies of the Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 lasers calculated with respect to the incident pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependency of the slope efficiency on the output coupling transmission for quasi-cw Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 lasers operated at different wavelengths.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Laser Parameters of the 2 ω -OPSL-Pumped Pr 3 + : LiYF 4 Lasers a

Equations (1)

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2 γ int ln ( 1 T OC ) · ( η Stokes η sl 1 ) ,

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