Abstract

GdF3 nanocrystals doped with Eu3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics were prepared by a solgel method. The structural properties were examined by x-ray diffraction measurements. The effects of gadolinium codoping on europium emission in the prepared solgel glasses and glass ceramics have been studied. The emission bands originating from the D05 state of Eu3+ ions are enhanced under excitation of Gd3+ ions by 273 nm line. The electric dipole D05F27 transitions were dominant in the samples before heat treatment, whereas magnetic dipole D05F17 transitions had a higher probability in the samples after annealing. The luminescence lifetime for the D05 level of Eu3+ ions in the samples after excitation at 273 nm is long lived in comparison to excitation at 393 nm and increased to 190%. Energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+ was observed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, M. Nogami, and Y. Ishikawa, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2076 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghosh, S. Tang, and A. V. Mudring, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8640 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Lorbeer, J. Cybinska, and A. V. Mudring, Chem. Commun. 46, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

T. Grzyb and S. Lis, J. Rare Earths 27, 588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, S. Fujihara, and R. Mahiou, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 2784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara and K. Tokumo, J. Fluorine Chem. 130, 1106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 128, 635 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

P. Vergeer, E. van den Pol, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 121, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Karbowiak, A. Mech, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Lumin. 114, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Fujihara, S. Koji, and T. Kimura, J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. Fujihara, C. Mochizuki, and T. Kimura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244, 267 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arbiol, J.

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benz, F.

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, D.

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, S. Fujihara, and R. Mahiou, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 2784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 128, 635 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cybinska, J.

C. Lorbeer, J. Cybinska, and A. V. Mudring, Chem. Commun. 46, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Czoik, R.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Del-Castillo, J.

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donker, H.

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujihara, S.

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, S. Fujihara, and R. Mahiou, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 2784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara and K. Tokumo, J. Fluorine Chem. 130, 1106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara, S. Koji, and T. Kimura, J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara, C. Mochizuki, and T. Kimura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244, 267 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara, in Functionalized Inorganic Fluorides: Synthesis, Characterization & Properties of Nanostructured Solids, A. Tressaud, ed. (Wiley, 2010), Chap. 10, pp. 307–330.

Fujii, T.

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, P.

P. Ghosh, S. Tang, and A. V. Mudring, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8640 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goryczka, T.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Grzyb, T.

T. Grzyb and S. Lis, J. Rare Earths 27, 588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, T.

X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, M. Nogami, and Y. Ishikawa, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2076 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hua, R.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, Y.

X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, M. Nogami, and Y. Ishikawa, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2076 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karbowiak, M.

M. Karbowiak, A. Mech, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Lumin. 114, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

S. Fujihara, S. Koji, and T. Kimura, J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara, C. Mochizuki, and T. Kimura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244, 267 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koji, S.

S. Fujihara, S. Koji, and T. Kimura, J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Künecke, U.

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lepoutre, S.

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, S. Fujihara, and R. Mahiou, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 2784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 128, 635 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lis, S.

T. Grzyb and S. Lis, J. Rare Earths 27, 588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lorbeer, C.

C. Lorbeer, J. Cybinska, and A. V. Mudring, Chem. Commun. 46, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mahiou, R.

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, S. Fujihara, and R. Mahiou, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 2784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 128, 635 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mech, A.

M. Karbowiak, A. Mech, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Lumin. 114, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meijerink, A.

P. Vergeer, E. van den Pol, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 121, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mendez-Ramos, J.

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mochizuki, C.

S. Fujihara, C. Mochizuki, and T. Kimura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244, 267 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mudring, A. V.

P. Ghosh, S. Tang, and A. V. Mudring, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8640 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Lorbeer, J. Cybinska, and A. V. Mudring, Chem. Commun. 46, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Niu, J.

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, M. Nogami, and Y. Ishikawa, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2076 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oskam, K. D.

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ota, R.

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pisarski, W. A.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, V. D.

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

M. Karbowiak, A. Mech, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Lumin. 114, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schaab, J.

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shi, C.

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strunk, H. P.

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Swinarew, A. S.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Szpikowska-Sroka, B.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H.

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S.

P. Ghosh, S. Tang, and A. V. Mudring, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8640 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y.

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tian, B.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tokumo, K.

S. Fujihara and K. Tokumo, J. Fluorine Chem. 130, 1106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torres, M. E.

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van den Pol, E.

P. Vergeer, E. van den Pol, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 121, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vergeer, P.

P. Vergeer, E. van den Pol, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 121, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wegh, R. T.

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wellmann, P.

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wuc, Z.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yanes, A. C.

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, T.

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zadlo, M.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, M. Nogami, and Y. Ishikawa, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2076 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, H.

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zur, L.

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

B. Tian, B. Chen, Y. Tian, J. Sun, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, L. Cheng, Z. Wuc, and R. Hua, Ceram. Int. 38, 3537 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (1)

C. Lorbeer, J. Cybinska, and A. V. Mudring, Chem. Commun. 46, 571 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, M. Nogami, and Y. Ishikawa, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2076 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Benz, H. P. Strunk, J. Schaab, U. Künecke, and P. Wellmann, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 073518 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Fluorine Chem. (1)

S. Fujihara and K. Tokumo, J. Fluorine Chem. 130, 1106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (5)

M. Karbowiak, A. Mech, and W. Ryba-Romanowski, J. Lumin. 114, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Vergeer, E. van den Pol, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 121, 456 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 128, 635 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, K. D. Oskam, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 82, 93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Shi, H. Tang, and Y. Tao, J. Lumin. 101, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (3)

P. Ghosh, S. Tang, and A. V. Mudring, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8640 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Lepoutre, D. Boyer, S. Fujihara, and R. Mahiou, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 2784 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujihara, S. Koji, and T. Kimura, J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1331 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

S. Fujihara, C. Mochizuki, and T. Kimura, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244, 267 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Rare Earths (1)

T. Grzyb and S. Lis, J. Rare Earths 27, 588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (1)

B. Szpikowska-Sroka, L. Żur, R. Czoik, T. Goryczka, A. S. Swinarew, M. Żądło, and W. A. Pisarski, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 68, 278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

R. Hua, J. Niu, B. Chen, M. Li, T. Yu, and W. Li, Nanotechnology 17, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Kondo, K. Tanaka, R. Ota, T. Fujii, and Y. Ishikawa, Opt. Mater. 27, 1438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Materials (1)

A. C. Yanes, J. Del-Castillo, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodrıguez, M. E. Torres, and J. Arbiol, Opt. Materials 29, 999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Mater. Sci. (1)

Q. Y. Zhang and X. Y. Huang, Prog. Mater. Sci. 55, 353 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Fujihara, in Functionalized Inorganic Fluorides: Synthesis, Characterization & Properties of Nanostructured Solids, A. Tressaud, ed. (Wiley, 2010), Chap. 10, pp. 307–330.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Energy level scheme for the Gd 3 + / Eu 3 + system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Excitation spectra of Gd 3 + / Eu 3 + in xerogels before heat treatment monitored at (a) 312 nm and (b) 611 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Emission spectra of Eu 3 + / Gd 3 + in solgel glasses before and after heat treatment.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Decay curves for the D 0 5 state of Eu 3 + excited at 273 or 393 nm and monitored at 590 nm ( D 0 5 F 1 7 emission) in sample before and after heat treatment.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

XRD patterns for the studied samples.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Spectroscopic Parameters for Eu 3 + Ions

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