Abstract

We propose the Stokes vector direct detection (SV-DD) scheme which simultaneously achieves receiver phase diversity and the cancellation of photodetection nonlinearity. An 80Gb/s single-polarization modulated SV-DD signal is successfully received after 160 km SSMF transmission with 11.64bit/s/Hz electrical spectrum efficiency.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

Agmon, A.

M. Nazarathy and A. Agmon, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2013), paper Mo.4.C.4.

Arbab, V.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Arbab, V. R.

Armstrong, J.

Bayvel, P.

Borne, D.

Breyer, F.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Buchali and R. Dischler, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU5.

Bunge, C. A.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Che, D.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

D. Che, X. Chen, J. He, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Tu3G.7.

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

D. Che, X. Chen, J. He, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Tu3G.7.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Chi, S.

W. Peng, X. Wu, K. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 9099 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Christen, L.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Christen, L. C.

Cunningham, D. G.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper P6.05.

Cvijetic, M.

Cvijetic, N.

Dischler, R.

F. Buchali and R. Dischler, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU5.

Du, L. B.

Duthel, T.

Feng, K.

W. Peng, X. Wu, K. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 9099 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Fludger, C. R. S.

Gavioli, G.

Geyer, J.

He, J.

D. Che, X. Chen, J. He, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Tu3G.7.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Hu, Q.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

Huang, M.

Huang, Y.

Ip, E.

Khoe, G. D.

Killey, R. I.

Lee, S. C. J.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, A.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

D. Che, X. Chen, J. He, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Tu3G.7.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

Liu, X.

Lowery, A. J.

Luo, M.

Ma, Y.

Man, E. D.

Nazarathy, M.

M. Nazarathy and A. Agmon, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2013), paper Mo.4.C.4.

Peng, W.

W. Peng, X. Wu, K. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 9099 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Penty, R. V.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper P6.05.

Petermann, K.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, K.

Randel, S.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savory, S. J.

Schmidt, B. J. C.

Schmidt, E. D.

Schulien, C.

Schuster, M.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shamee, B.

W. Peng, X. Wu, K. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 9099 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, Q. Yang, and Y. Ma, Opt. Express 16, 6378 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

D. Che, X. Chen, J. He, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Tu3G.7.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

Spinnler, B.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

Waardt, H.

Wang, T.

Wang, Y.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Wei, J.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper P6.05.

White, I. H.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper P6.05.

Willner, A.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Willner, A. E.

Wu, X.

W. Peng, X. Wu, K. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 9099 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Wuth, T.

Yang, J.

W. Peng, X. Wu, K. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 17, 9099 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

Yang, Q.

Yi, X.

Yu, Z.

Zan, Z.

Zhang, J.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (5)

Other (7)

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. Willner, and S. Chi, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU2.

F. Buchali and R. Dischler, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2008), paper OMU5.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), paper P6.05.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.

M. Nazarathy and A. Agmon, European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2013), paper Mo.4.C.4.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

D. Che, X. Chen, J. He, A. Li, and W. Shieh, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Tu3G.7.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Receiver structure of DD subsystems for measuring SV: (a) scheme 1 and (b) scheme 2. PBS, polarization beam splitter; PD, photodetector; B-PD, balance photodetector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Training symbols for the SV-RM.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for SV-DD. ECL, external cavity laser; I/Q mod., I/Q modulator; AWG, arbitrary waveform generator; PBC, polarization beam combiner; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; PBS, polarization beam splitter; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electrical spectra of the received signal before and after the SV rotation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Electrical spectra of the received signal and 2nd-order nonlinearity after SV rotation.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER performance as a function of fiber launch power. (Inset: a 64 QAM constellation with fiber launch power of 2 dB.)

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER performance as a function of optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S V = [ S 1 S 2 S 3 ] = [ S · S * C · C * S · C * + S * · C j ( S · C * S * · C ) ] = [ | S | 2 | C | 2 Re ( S · C * ) Im ( S · C * ) ] ,
| X + Y | 2 | X Y | 2 = 4 Re ( X · Y * ) ,
| X i Y | 2 | X + i Y | 2 = 4 Im ( X · Y * ) ,
| X + Y | 2 | X | 2 | Y | 2 = 2 Re ( X · Y * ) ,
| X + i Y | 2 | X | 2 | Y | 2 = 2 Im ( X · Y * ) .
[ S 1 S 2 S 3 ] = [ s 11 × × s 21 × × s 31 × × ] [ 1 0 0 ] .
[ | S | 2 | C | 2 Re ( S · C * ) Im ( S · C * ) ] = [ s 11 s 12 s 13 s 21 s 22 s 23 s 31 s 32 s 33 ] 1 · [ | X | 2 | Y | 2 Re ( X · Y * ) Im ( X · Y * ) ] ,

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