Abstract

The humidity response of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based optical fiber Bragg gratings (POFBGs) has been studied. The characteristic wavelength of the grating is modulated by water absorption-induced swelling and refractive index change in the fiber. This work indicates that anisotropic expansion may exist in PMMA optical fiber, reducing the humidity responsivity of the grating and introducing uncertainty in the responsivity from fiber to fiber. By pre-straining a grating, one can get rid of this uncertainty and simultaneously improve the POFBG response time.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2012

2011

2010

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

C. Zhang, X. Chen, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 7503, 750380 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2003

P. Ji, A. D. Q. Li, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 5212, 108 (2003).

1999

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Watanabe, N. Ooba, Y. Hida, and M. Hikita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1983

L.-H. Wang, C. L. Choy, and R. S. Porter, J. Polymer Sci. 21, 657 (1983).

1982

D. T. Turner, Polymer 23, 197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1951

A. M. Thomas, J. Appl. Chem. 1, 141 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Bang, O.

Carroll, K. E.

Chen, X.

C. Zhang, X. Chen, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 7503, 750380 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choy, C. L.

L.-H. Wang, C. L. Choy, and R. S. Porter, J. Polymer Sci. 21, 657 (1983).

Chu, P. L.

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harbach, G. N.

G. N. Harbach, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, in Proceedings of Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuB2.

Harbach, N. G.

N. G. Harbach, “Fiber Bragg gratings in polymer optical fibers,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 2008).

Hida, Y.

T. Watanabe, N. Ooba, Y. Hida, and M. Hikita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hikita, M.

T. Watanabe, N. Ooba, Y. Hida, and M. Hikita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ji, P.

P. Ji, A. D. Q. Li, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 5212, 108 (2003).

Kalli, K.

Khan, L.

Large, M. C. J.

Li, A. D. Q.

P. Ji, A. D. Q. Li, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 5212, 108 (2003).

Limberger, H. G.

G. N. Harbach, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, in Proceedings of Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuB2.

Ooba, N.

T. Watanabe, N. Ooba, Y. Hida, and M. Hikita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G. D.

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G.-D.

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1370 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1090 (2012).

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, X. Chen, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 7503, 750380 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Ji, A. D. Q. Li, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 5212, 108 (2003).

Porter, R. S.

L.-H. Wang, C. L. Choy, and R. S. Porter, J. Polymer Sci. 21, 657 (1983).

Rasmussen, H. K.

Salathé, R. P.

G. N. Harbach, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, in Proceedings of Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuB2.

Salem, D. R.

D. R. Salem, Structure Formation in Polymeric Fibers (Hanser-Gardner, 2001).

Stefani, A.

Thomas, A. M.

A. M. Thomas, J. Appl. Chem. 1, 141 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Turner, D. T.

D. T. Turner, Polymer 23, 197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.-H.

L.-H. Wang, C. L. Choy, and R. S. Porter, J. Polymer Sci. 21, 657 (1983).

Watanabe, T.

T. Watanabe, N. Ooba, Y. Hida, and M. Hikita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1370 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1090 (2012).

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, X. Chen, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 7503, 750380 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, Opt. Express 15, 8844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang and D. J. Webb, “Factors influencing the temperature sensitivity of PMMA based optical fiber Bragg gratings,” in Photonics Europe, Brussels, Belgium, 2014.

Xiong, Z.

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, W.

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, X. Chen, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 7503, 750380 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, Opt. Express 15, 8844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1090 (2012).

W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 37, 1370 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang and D. J. Webb, “Factors influencing the temperature sensitivity of PMMA based optical fiber Bragg gratings,” in Photonics Europe, Brussels, Belgium, 2014.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Watanabe, N. Ooba, Y. Hida, and M. Hikita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Chem.

A. M. Thomas, J. Appl. Chem. 1, 141 (1951).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Polymer Sci.

L.-H. Wang, C. L. Choy, and R. S. Porter, J. Polymer Sci. 21, 657 (1983).

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 242 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Polymer

D. T. Turner, Polymer 23, 197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

P. Ji, A. D. Q. Li, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 5212, 108 (2003).

C. Zhang, X. Chen, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 7503, 750380 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. N. Harbach, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathé, in Proceedings of Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper BTuB2.

N. G. Harbach, “Fiber Bragg gratings in polymer optical fibers,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 2008).

D. R. Salem, Structure Formation in Polymeric Fibers (Hanser-Gardner, 2001).

http://www.anibertech.com/Athermal%20Strain%20Sensor%20ASS-01.html.

W. Zhang and D. J. Webb, “Factors influencing the temperature sensitivity of PMMA based optical fiber Bragg gratings,” in Photonics Europe, Brussels, Belgium, 2014.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated and measured wavelength change of POFBG versus RH.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured humidity responses of POFBG with and without pre-strain under different temperatures.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured responses to humidity change for a POFBG. (a) Under different strains at 35°C and (b) at different temperatures with a pre-strain of 8000με.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ΔλB=λB(η+β)ΔH,
ρ=ρ01+w1001+ρwfw100,
w=w1H(16H5+5H6)(1H)(1H6),
β=ΔV3Vo=ρwfw300.

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