Abstract

A frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) technique that combines autocorrelation (second-harmonic-generation FROG, SHG-FROG) and cross correlation FROG (XFROG) is reported for simultaneous characterization of two unknown optical pulses. Two SHG-FROG signals and a XFROG signal are acquired in a single measurement using a single diagnostic system. Unlike the conventional combination of SHG-FROG for reference-pulse characterization and XFROG for test-pulse characterization, the ambiguity in the direction of time in SHG-FROG is removed during phase retrieval by simultaneously analyzing the three FROG signals. Furthermore, overall characterization is faster, more robust, and highly convergent than the conventional combination of SHG-FROG and XFROG techniques.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (6)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, and C. Cornaggia, Opt. Lett. 35, 3856 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119 (1998).

1997 (1)

R. Trebino and K. DeLong, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. Kane and R. Trebino, E J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

Akturk, S.

Arnold, C.

Baltuška, A.

Chauhan, V.

Cheriaux, G.

Christov, I. P.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cohen, J.

Consoli, A.

Cord, A.

Cornaggia, C.

Coudreau, S.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

Crespo, H.

Crozatier, V.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

D’Amico, C.

DeLong, K.

R. Trebino and K. DeLong, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Delong, K. W.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, Opt. Lett. 19, 2152 (1994).
[Crossref]

Deng, Y.

Dorrer, C.

Fattahi, H.

Fiess, M.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, Opt. Lett. 19, 2152 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fordell, T.

Forget, N.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

Francisco, S.

Fuji, T.

Giessen, H.

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119 (1998).

Gobert, O.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

Grabielle, S.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, and C. Cornaggia, Opt. Lett. 35, 3856 (2010).
[Crossref]

Graf, U.

Gu, X.

Herzog, R.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

Horio, T.

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[Crossref]

Imasaka, T.

Ishizuki, H.

Jiang, Y.

Joffre, M.

Kane, D.

D. Kane and R. Trebino, E J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kane, D. J.

Kang, I.

Kaplan, D.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H. C.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Karpowicz, N.

Kienberger, R.

Kimmel, M.

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Kohler, B.

Krausz, F.

Krumb, M. A.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kuhl, J.

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119 (1998).

Kumbhakar, P.

L’Huillier, A.

Lepetit, L.

Li, R.

Linden, S.

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119 (1998).

Liu, J.

Marcus, G.

Metzger, T.

Miguel, M.

Miranda, M.

Moulet, A.

Murnane, M. M.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

O’Shea, P.

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

Okamura, K.

Oksenhendler, T.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ossiander, M.

Pervak, V.

Ratner, J.

Rundquist, A.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

Schwarz, A.

Shitamichi, O.

Shreenath, A. P.

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

Sweetser, J. N.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Taft, G.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Thomas, F.

Trebino, R.

T. C. Wong, J. Ratner, V. Chauhan, J. Cohen, P. M. Vaughan, L. Xu, A. Consoli, and R. Trebino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1237 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Trebino and K. DeLong, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, Opt. Lett. 19, 2152 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. Kane and R. Trebino, E J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Grating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2000).

Ueffing, M.

Vaughan, P. M.

Walmsley, I. A.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wilson, K.

Wong, T. C.

Xu, L.

Xu, Z.

Zeek, E.

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, Appl. Phys. B 99, 7 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Zeek, A. P. Shreenath, P. O’Shea, M. Kimmel, and R. Trebino, Appl. Phys. B 74, s265 (2002).
[Crossref]

E J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Kane and R. Trebino, E J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumb, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) (1)

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119 (1998).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino and K. DeLong, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Grating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer, 2000).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup for the double FROG. DM, dichroic mirror; SF, sum-frequency signal; SH, second-harmonic signal; MS, multi-channel spectrometer; CM, concave mirror, f=200mm; BBO, BBO crystal; L, fused-silica lens.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principle of the double FROG. (a) When the time delay is zero, test and reference pulses independently generate SH signals. (b) At a time delay of τ (or τ), SF signal of the two input pulses is generated.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured double-FROG trace. (b), (c), and (d) are the expanded views of the trace for the signals arising from the SHG of the reference pulse, test pulse, and the SFG (sum-frequency generation) of the reference and test pulses, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal intensity profiles (solid lines) and phases (dotted lines) of the reference pulse retrieved from the SHG-FROG signal. Retrieved profiles in (a) correspond to the time-reversed replicas of the profiles in (b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal intensity profiles (solid lines) and phases (dotted lines) of the test pulse retrieved from the XFROG signal. (a) Profiles retrieved using the reference pulses in Fig. 4(a). (b) Those retrieved using the reference pulses in Fig. 4(b).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Schematic of the double-FROG algorithm.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Temporal intensity profiles (solid lines) and phases (dotted lines) of (a) the reference pulse and (b) the test pulse retrieved using the double-FROG algorithm.

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