Abstract

Supercontinuum generation is performed using femtosecond laser pulses produced by combining two distinct mode-locking mechanisms of nonlinear polarization evolution with saturable absorption on an Er-doped fiber oscillator. The generated supercontinuum yields a high level of spectral visibility of 93%, without the presence of spontaneous emission of post-amplification, being well suited for precision spectroscopy, broadband interferometry, and coherent telecommunications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 608 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. X. Yu, H. A. Hous, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, and A. Sysoliatin, Opt. Lett. 25, 1418 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, Opt. Lett. 27, 1180 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kumkar, G. Krauss, M. Wunram, D. Fehrenbacher, U. Demirbas, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstofer, Opt. Lett. 37, 554 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 37, 2199 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. Dimarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jorgensen, and T. Veng, Opt. Lett. 28, 643 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, Opt. Express 11, 594 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Nishizawa and J. Takayanagi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1786 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Genty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1771 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Park, S. Han, S. Park, Y. J. Kim, and S. W. Kim, Opt. Express 20, 15054 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.
  17. G. Wang, F. Meng, C. Li, T. Jiang, A. Wang, Z. Fang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 39, 2534 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, R. Bise, D. J. Trevor, J. Alonzo, T. Stockert, J. Fleming, E. Monberg, F. Dimarcello, and J. Fini, Opt. Lett. 33, 2038 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. W. Nicholson and M. F. Yan, Opt. Express 12, 679 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, Opt. Express 12, 347 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, Opt. Lett. 27, 1180 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

Alonzo, J.

Benko, C.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bise, R.

Brida, D.

Chen, L.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chudoba, C.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Cossel, K. C.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Demirbas, U.

Diddams, S. A.

Dimarcello, F.

Dong, L.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Dudley, J. M.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, Opt. Lett. 27, 1180 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Z.

Fehrenbacher, D.

Fermann, M. E.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Fini, J.

Fleming, J.

Fu, L. B.

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Genty, G.

Ghanta, R. K.

Goto, T.

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.

Hansch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hous, H. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, T.

Jorgensen, C.

Kärtner, F. X.

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Kim, J.

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Kim, S.

Kim, S. W.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. J.

Knox, W. H.

Ko, T. H.

Krauss, G.

Kumkar, S.

Leitenstofer, A.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Li, C.

Li, X. D.

Lu, F.

Martin, M. J.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

McKay, H.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F.

Menyuk, C.

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Monberg, E.

Nagai, H.

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa and J. Takayanagi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1786 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Osterman, S.

Park, J.

Park, S.

Ranka, J. K.

Ruehl, A.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stockert, T.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sysoliatin, A.

Takayanagi, J.

N. Nishizawa and J. Takayanagi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1786 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

Thomas, B.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, B. K.

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Trevor, D. J.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Veng, T.

Wang, A.

Wang, G.

Windeler, R. S.

Wisk, P.

Wong, W. S.

Wunram, M.

Yablon, A.

Yablon, A. D.

Yan, M. F.

Ycas, G.

Ye, J.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

Zhang, Z.

Zinth, W.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 84, 011806(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, “Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator,” in CLEO, San Jose, California, May 2008, paper CTuC4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Comparison of supercontinuum generation with a 130 mW power. (a) The hybrid oscillator and (b) the NPE oscillator coupled to an EDFA. The autocorrelation along with corresponding optical spectrum (inset) for each oscillator is given in (c) and (d), respectively. Abbreviations are LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; EDF, Er-doped fiber; QWP, quarter-wave plate; HWP, half-wave plate; PBS, polarization beam splitter; OC, output coupler; SA, saturable absorber; ISO, isolator; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber; NPE, nonlinear polarization evolution; EDFA, Er-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Comparison of generated supercontinua. (a) An octave-spanning supercontinuum generated by the hybrid oscillator. (b) Spectral comparison with another supercontinuum generated by the EDFA-amplified NPE oscillator. (c) Magnified spectra at the shorter wavelength end.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Frequency comb phase coherence test. (a) Unequal-path interferometer used to monitor the spectral interference visibility. (b) Spectral interferogram of the hybrid oscillator. (c) Spectral interferogram of the EDFA-amplified NPE oscillator. (d) Comparison of spectral visibility. FC, fiber coupler; FM, fiber mirror; A, attenuator; PC, polarization controller; L, lens; M, mirror; S, stage; P, polarizer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Supercontinuum phase coherence test. (a) System layout for spectral interference measurement. (b) Spectral supercontinuum interferograms for the hybrid oscillator (green) and EDFA-amplified NPE oscillator (red). (c) Spectral visibility comparison. (d) Visibility difference.

Metrics