Abstract

Femtosecond pulses with broad tunability in the range of 2–3 μm are generated in a germanate-glass core silica-glass cladding fiber with a driving pulse at 2 μm produced by an all-fiber laser system consisting of an Er:fiber source at 1.6 μm, a Raman fiber shifter, and a Tm:fiber amplifier. We demonstrate optical pulses with a duration of the order of 100 fs that are the shortest ones reported in the 2.5–3 μm range obtained by fiber laser systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. T. Sorokina, in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 225–260.
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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, L. Brandon Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 114 (2009).

2007 (2)

A. V. Andrianov, S. V. Muraviov, A. V. Kim, and A. A. Sysoliatin, Laser Phys. 17, 1296 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Austin, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 14, 11997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2001 (1)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

J. S. Sanghera, L. Brandon Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 114 (2009).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2013).

Alam, S. U.

Anashkina, E. A.

Andrianov, A. V.

Annapurna, K.

Austin, D. R.

Baskiotis, C.

Bonaccorso, F.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brandon Shaw, L.

J. S. Sanghera, L. Brandon Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 114 (2009).

Chapman, B. H.

Chaudhari, C.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

de Sterke, C. M.

DeLong, K. W.

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dhar, A.

Dianov, E. M.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Durkin, M. K.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Eggleton, B. J.

Feehan, J. S.

Ferrari, A. C.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Flahaut, E.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Guina, M.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

Heidt, A. M.

Herrmann, J.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D. D.

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, Z.

Kamynin, V. A.

V. A. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. M. Mashinsky, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kim, A. V.

Kito, C.

Kivistö, S.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurkov, A. S.

V. A. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. M. Mashinsky, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, Z.

Liao, M.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M. S.

Liu, Y.

Love, J.

A. W. Snyder and J. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Springer, 1983).

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Milana, S.

Mori, A.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Muraviov, S. V.

Muravyev, S. V.

Nilsson, J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Ohishi, Y.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pal, A.

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Popa, D.

Popov, S. V.

Price, J. H. V.

Qin, G. S.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Runcorn, T. H.

Sanghera, J. S.

J. S. Sanghera, L. Brandon Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 114 (2009).

Schwuchow, A.

Sen, R.

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Springer, 1983).

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 225–260.

Sun, T.

Sun, Z.

Suzuki, T.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sysoliatin, A. A.

A. V. Andrianov, S. V. Muraviov, A. V. Kim, and A. A. Sysoliatin, Laser Phys. 17, 1296 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Trebino, R.

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Yan, X.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Lett. 34, 2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Koptev, M.

Zervas, M. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

Zhang, M.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1253 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. S. Sanghera, L. Brandon Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 114 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (2)

A. V. Andrianov, S. V. Muraviov, A. V. Kim, and A. A. Sysoliatin, Laser Phys. 17, 1296 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Laser Phys. 21, 1115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

V. A. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. M. Mashinsky, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. W. Snyder and J. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Springer, 1983).

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangement for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent7,221,822 B2 (May22, 2007).

I. T. Sorokina, in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 225–260.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical layout of the femtosecond silica-based all-fiber laser system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Calculated group velocity dispersion of the GeO2-doped fiber. (b) SC spectrum (dashed line) generated in the GeO2-doped fiber with the pump pulses from the output of the Tm:fiber amplifier (black, solid line). Spectra of FROG-retrieved solitons on the logarithmic scale (blue and red, solid lines). (c) Numerical simulation of the long-wavelength wing of the spectrum at the GeO2-doped fiber output (dotted line). Solid lines indicate spectra of Raman solitons filtered in the time domain.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) and (b) FROG-traces and corresponding retrieved intensity profiles (solid lines), their sech-shape approximations (dotted lines), and reconstructed phases (dashed–dotted lines) of the pulses centered at (c) 2.48 μm and at (d) 2.66 μm. (e) and (f) Spectra and spectral phases of FROG-pulses.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated central wavelength of the most redshifted pulse versus propagation distance for the input energy of 4 nJ. Pulse duration is given for the points marked by circles.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

EinE0=4AeffTmAeffGe(AeffTm+AeffGe)2=0.33.
α=AUVeλUV/λ+AIReλIR/λ,

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