Abstract

We report on phase locking of two continuous wave IR laser sources separated by 100 THz emitting around 1029 and 1544 nm, respectively. Our approach uses three independent harmonic generation processes of the IR laser frequencies in periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 crystals to generate second and third harmonics of those two IR sources. The beat note between the two independent green radiations generated around 515 nm is used to phase lock one IR laser to the other, with tunable radio frequency offset. In this way, the whole setup operates as a mini-frequency comb emitting four intense optical radiations (1544, 1029, 772, and 515 nm), with output powers at least three orders of magnitude higher than the available power from each mode emitted by femtosecond lasers.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

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2003 (1)

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Cheng, W. Y.

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N. Chiodo, F. Du Burck, J. Hrabina, Y. Candela, J.-P. Wallerand, and O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 15, 239 (2014).
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De Rosa, M.

Debs, J. E.

Diddams, S. A.

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N. Chiodo, F. Du Burck, J. Hrabina, Y. Candela, J.-P. Wallerand, and O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 15, 239 (2014).
[CrossRef]

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D. F. Eaton, Science 253, 281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, C.

Fejer, M. M.

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Fischer, M.

Fujimura, M.

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[CrossRef]

Hald, J.

Hall, J. L.

W. Y. Cheng, L. Chen, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 571 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, M.

S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, F.-L.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hrabina, J.

N. Chiodo, F. Du Burck, J. Hrabina, Y. Candela, J.-P. Wallerand, and O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 15, 239 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Hum, D. S.

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jian, P.

Kawahara, T. D.

Kintaka, K.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 33, 1459 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Klein, R.

R. Klein and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 75, 79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kubina, P.

Kuhn, C. C. N.

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[CrossRef]

Lobino, M.

Lounis, B.

Lundblad, N.

Ma, L. S.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Marangoni, M.

Marcinkevicius, A.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, G. D.

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, A.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morozov, E. Yu.

V. V. Volkov, G. D. Laptev, E. Yu. Morozov, I. I. Naumova, and A. S. Chirkin, Quantum Electron. 28, 1020 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, I. I.

V. V. Volkov, G. D. Laptev, E. Yu. Morozov, I. I. Naumova, and A. S. Chirkin, Quantum Electron. 28, 1020 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A.

S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, L.

Nishihara, H.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 33, 1459 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. E.

Petersen, J. C.

Pfister, O.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pinel, O.

Ramponi, R.

Ricciardi, I.

Robins, N. P.

Rocco, A.

Sané, S. S.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

She, C.-Y.

Shen, J.

S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shiller, S.

S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Spano, P.

Sugita, T.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 33, 1459 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taubman, M.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. J.

Tiemann, B.

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Treps, N.

Tu, M.

Vance, J. D.

Vannucci, A.

Varming, P.

Vasilyev, S.

S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. V.

V. V. Volkov, G. D. Laptev, E. Yu. Morozov, I. I. Naumova, and A. S. Chirkin, Quantum Electron. 28, 1020 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wallerand, J.-P.

N. Chiodo, F. Du Burck, J. Hrabina, Y. Candela, J.-P. Wallerand, and O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 15, 239 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Williams, B. P.

Yamamoto, K.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Y. Cheng, L. Chen, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 571 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, T. H.

Yost, D. C.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yue, J.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

R. Klein and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 75, 79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Vasilyev, A. Nevsky, I. Ernsting, M. Hansen, J. Shen, and S. Shiller, Appl. Phys. B 103, 27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, K. Yamamoto, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3959 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Comptes Rendus Physique (1)

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 33, 1459 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. L. Hall, L. S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Chiodo, F. Du Burck, J. Hrabina, Y. Candela, J.-P. Wallerand, and O. Acef, Opt. Commun. 15, 239 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Volkov, G. D. Laptev, E. Yu. Morozov, I. I. Naumova, and A. S. Chirkin, Quantum Electron. 28, 1020 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. F. Eaton, Science 253, 281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the whole optical setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SH power versus IR power collected at fixed crystal temperature (66°C) and fiber laser wavelength (1029 nm). The solid curve corresponds to a fit using P2ω=τPωtanh2(ηL2τPω), where τ=45% is the coupling efficiency at the waveguide input, L=1cm is the waveguide crystal length, and η=613%W1cm2 is the normalized conversion efficiency determined from low power measurements [10].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Harmonic power generated at 2ω (red curve) and 3ω (green curve) versus IR power at ω (1544 nm). The red solid curve is a quadratic fit for the SHG process, and the green dashed curve is a cubic fit for the SFG process.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Harmonic power at 516 nm versus IR power. (a) THG power versus the fundamental input wavelength. (b) THG power versus the crystal temperature. The solid lines are a sinc2 fit of experimental data.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Phase lock setup of the MFC.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

RF beat notes at 515 nm. The two IR lasers operate in free-running regime (RBW=100kHz).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

ECDL is phase locked against fiber laser with 500 kHz bandwidth (RBW=10kHz).

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