Abstract

We disclose the vertically aligned deformed helix ferroelectric liquid crystal whose Kerr constant (Kkerr130nm/V2 at λ=543nm) is around one order of magnitude higher than any other value previously reported for liquid crystalline structures. Under certain conditions, the phase modulation with ellipticity less than 0.05 over the range of continuous and hysteresis-free electric adjustment of the phase shift from zero to 2π has been obtained at subkilohertz frequency.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Hu, L. Xuan, Y. Liu, Z. Cao, D. Li, and Q. Mu, Opt. Express 12, 6403 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. T. Adelman, Appl. Opt. 16, 3075 (1977).
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  5. V. Shrauger and C. Warde, Proc. SPIE 4291, 101 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Urbanc, B. Žekš, and T. Carlsson, Ferroelectrics 113, 219 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).
  15. W. Kuczynski and H. Stegemeyer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 70, 123 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2013

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

S. Xu, H. Ren, and S.-T. Wu, Opt. Express 20, 28518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2001

V. Shrauger and C. Warde, Proc. SPIE 4291, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991

B. Urbanc, B. Žekš, and T. Carlsson, Ferroelectrics 113, 219 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

1987

M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980

W. Kuczynski and H. Stegemeyer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 70, 123 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977

Adelman, N. T.

Andreev, A. L.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baikalov, V. A.

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Barnik, M. I.

M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

Blinov, L. M.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

Bobylev, Y. P.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bright, V. M.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Z.

Carlsson, T.

B. Urbanc, B. Žekš, and T. Carlsson, Ferroelectrics 113, 219 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chernova, N. I.

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V. G.

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, J. H.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, W. D.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Egorov, R. I.

A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haase, W.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haseba, Y.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hick, S. R.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hisakado, Y.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, H.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kiselev, A. D.

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krivoshey, A. I.

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuczynski, W.

W. Kuczynski and H. Stegemeyer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 70, 123 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, H.-S.

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

Liu, Y.

Loseva, M. V.

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Minchenko, M. V.

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Molkin, V.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Molkin, V. E.

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mu, Q.

Murauski, A.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nagamura, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Narkevich, J. S.

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Osipov, M. A.

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

Palto, S. P.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrashevich, O. S.

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Podgornov, F. V.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pozhidaev, E.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pozhidaev, E. P.

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rabinovich, A. Z.

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Roberts, P. C.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roggeman, M. C.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shoshin, V. M.

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shrauger, V.

V. Shrauger and C. Warde, Proc. SPIE 4291, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A. K.

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stegemeyer, H.

W. Kuczynski and H. Stegemeyer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 70, 123 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Strigazzi, A.

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tao, D.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Torgova, S. I.

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Urbanc, B.

B. Urbanc, B. Žekš, and T. Carlsson, Ferroelectrics 113, 219 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vashchenko, V. V.

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vovk, R. G.

A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Warde, C.

V. Shrauger and C. Warde, Proc. SPIE 4291, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Welsh, B. M.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, H. Ren, and S.-T. Wu, Opt. Express 20, 28518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

Xuan, L.

Yamamoto, S.-i.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Žekš, B.

B. Urbanc, B. Žekš, and T. Carlsson, Ferroelectrics 113, 219 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, S.-i. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 141116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

W. Kuczynski and H. Stegemeyer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 70, 123 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics

B. Urbanc, B. Žekš, and T. Carlsson, Ferroelectrics 113, 219 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp.

E. Pozhidaev, V. Chigrinov, A. Murauski, V. Molkin, D. Tao, and H.-S. Kwok, J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20, 273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst.

A. Z. Rabinovich, M. V. Loseva, N. I. Chernova, E. P. Pozhidaev, O. S. Petrashevich, and J. S. Narkevich, Liq. Cryst. 6, 533 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.

E. P. Pozhidaev, S. I. Torgova, V. E. Molkin, M. V. Minchenko, V. V. Vashchenko, A. I. Krivoshey, and A. Strigazzi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 509, 1042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Barnik, V. A. Baikalov, V. G. Chigrinov, and E. P. Pozhidaev, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 101 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

M. C. Roggeman, V. M. Bright, B. M. Welsh, S. R. Hick, P. C. Roberts, W. D. Cowan, and J. H. Comtois, Opt. Eng. 36, 1326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

A. D. Kiselev, R. G. Vovk, R. I. Egorov, and V. G. Chigrinov, Phys. Rev. A 78, 033815 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

A. D. Kiselev, E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 83, 031703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Pozhidaev, A. D. Kiselev, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H.-S. Kwok, and M. V. Minchenko, Phys. Rev. E 87, 052502 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Blinov, S. P. Palto, E. P. Pozhidaev, Y. P. Bobylev, V. M. Shoshin, A. L. Andreev, F. V. Podgornov, and W. Haase, Phys. Rev. E 71, 071715 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

V. Shrauger and C. Warde, Proc. SPIE 4291, 101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz.

E. P. Pozhidaev, M. A. Osipov, V. G. Chigrinov, V. A. Baikalov, L. M. Blinov, and L. A. Beresnev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 125 (1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Ellipsoids of effective refractive indices of a short-pitch VADHFLC cell. Left: at E=0, the field-free effective ellipsoid is uniaxially anisotropic with the optical axis parallel to the helix axis. Right: applying an in-plane electric field Ey^, makes the optical anisotropy biaxial with the two optical axes rotated by the angle ΨdE about the electric field vector E [8,11].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Top: experimental setup for reflectance measurements. Glan prisms were used as both polarizer and analyzer. Bottom (left): VADHFLC cell with ITO electrodes (the width is 20 μm and the interelectrode gap is 100 μm) and the axes of the coordinate system shown in Fig. 1. Bottom (A)–(C): chemical structures of compounds used to prepare the FLC-618.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of the light reflectance of a 18 μm thick VADHFLC cell on square of electric field E2 (filled circles). Measurements were carried out in the reflective mode with crossed polarizer and analyzer at temperature 55°C, wavelength λ=632.8nm, EO response frequency 500 Hz, and Ψ=45°. Electric field-induced birefringence δni (open circles) was evaluated as a function of E2 by using Eq. (7). Insert: EO response of the VADHFLC cell (red curve at the bottom) under the applied alternating signal (blue curve on the top).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependencies of Kerr constant measured in a FLC-618 cell at λ=632.8nm (filled circles) and at λ=543nm (open squares). Open circles represent the data measured in a FLC-587 cell at λ=543nm [8].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Ellipticity of light reflected from a 18 μm thick VADHFLC cell versus applied electric field measured at Ψ=0, f=500Hz, T=55°C, and λ=632.8nm. Insert: temperature dependence of the helix pitch for FLC-618. Selective reflection is observed when the pitch is above the dashed line.

Equations (9)

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nE/np=1+ϵeϵϵe+ϵ[ϵ0χGPs]2E2,
nE/np=1ϵeϵϵe+ε[ϵ0χGPs]2E2,
np=(ϵe+ϵ)/2,ϵe=ϵϵϵsin2θ+ϵcos2θ,
χG=ϵ01PE=Ps22ϵ0Kq02sin2θ,
δni=nEnE=2npϵeϵϵe+ϵ[ϵ0χGPs]2E2=KkerrλE2
Kkerr=npλϵeϵϵe+ϵPs2p0432π2K2sin4θ.
R=IE0/IE=0=sin2(2Ψ)sin22πδnidFLCλ,
ΔΦret=4πδnidFLCλ=4πKkerrE2dFLC.
ΔΦ=4π(nEnp)dFLCλ=12ΔΦret.

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