Abstract

We demonstrated high-power broadband Yb-free clad-pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) using commercial available low-cost 976 nm multimode diodes. An output power +33dBm with less than ±1dB natural gain flatness over a gain bandwidth of 33 nm (1570.3–1603.3 nm) was obtained using a new double-clad erbium-doped fiber which has a large core diameter of 17 μm and low NA of 0.11. The saturated output power, net gain, noise figure, and optical power conversion efficiency of the clad-pumped EDFA were characterized, and system impact of LP11 mode and four-wave-mixing nonlinearity were also evaluated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340A (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. F. Wysocki, in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. Digonnet, ed. (CRC Press, 2001), p. 583.
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.
  6. G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.
  8. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.
  9. R. Ahmad, S. Chatigny, and M. Rochette, Opt. Express 18, 19983 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.
  11. J. Nilsson, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (1998), paper TuG7.
  12. P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

B. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340A (2008).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, R.

Aozasa, S.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Bayart, D.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

Bettiati, M.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

Blixt, P.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bolshtyansky, M.

Borel, P.

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

Bousselet, P.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

Bousselet, P. P.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

Caplen, J. E.

Carlson, K.

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

Chatigny, S.

Dong, L.

Gaarde, P.

B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.

Gasca, L.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

Jaskorzynska, B.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

Kanbara, H.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Lambelet, P.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

Leplingard, F.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

Lingle, R.

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

Minelly, J. D.

Mori, A.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Naganuma, K.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Nilsson, J.

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, L. Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (1998), paper TuG7.

Oikawa, K.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Ono, H.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Pálsdóttir, B.

B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.

Payne, D. N.

Peckham, D. W.

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

Primdahl, S.

B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.

Puc, G.

B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.

Rochette, M.

Vienne, G. G.

Wang, B.

B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.

Wysocki, P. F.

P. F. Wysocki, in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. Digonnet, ed. (CRC Press, 2001), p. 583.

Yamada, M.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340A (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Zhu, Proc. SPIE 7134, 71340A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

P. F. Wysocki, in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. Digonnet, ed. (CRC Press, 2001), p. 583.

S. Aozasa, A. Mori, K. Oikawa, M. Yamada, H. Ono, H. Kanbara, and K. Naganuma, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2008), paper OTuN4.

B. Pálsdóttir, S. Primdahl, P. Gaarde, G. Puc, and B. Wang, Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2003), paper ThZ1.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, P. Lambelet, F. Leplingard, and D. Bayart, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper OWC3.

B. Zhu, P. Borel, K. Carlson, X. Jiang, D. W. Peckham, and R. Lingle, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTu2.B.2.

J. Nilsson, Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (1998), paper TuG7.

P. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, F. Leplingard, D. Bayart, and P. Lambelet, Proceedings of Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (2001), paper PD1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of Yb-free clad-pumped EDFA. Inset: double-clad EDF structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Input optical spectrum of the 40 DFB lasers used for evaluation of clad-pumped EDFA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured gain spectra of clad-pumped EDFA versus the length of EDF for performance optimization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gain spectra and NF (a) fixed input signal power at 10.7 dBm with different pump power and (b) fixed pump power of 10 W with different input signal power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical PCE and output saturated power as a function of total pump power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

One example of the output spectrum from clad-pumped EDFA with the output power +33dBm, and FWM components are less than 43dB at 100 GHz channel spacing.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Experimental setup for OSNR penalty testing using 112Gb/s signals. (b) BER as a function of OSNR for 112Gb/s signals with and without the clad-pumped EDFA.

Equations (1)

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Glp=Ψlp×e0LΓlp×g×dl,

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