Abstract

A series of sequentially cascade-pumped random lasers is reported. It consists of three random lasers in which the Ag–Au bimetallic porous nanowires play the role of scatterers, and the gain materials are coumarin 440 (C440), coumarin 153 (C153), and rhodamine 6G (R6G), respectively. The random laser with C440 is first pumped by a 355 nm pulsed laser. The emission of C440 pumps the C153, and the emission of C153 pumps the R6G sequentially. Low-threshold coherent emissions from the three random lasers are observed. The cascade-pumped random lasers can be achieved easily with low cost and can be used in applications conveniently.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

S. Chen, J. Shi, X. Kong, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

S. Chen, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Shi, and D. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123508 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, K. Kim, H. Li, and D. L. Fan, Adv. Mater. 24, 5457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, Opt. Express 19, 3418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, R. W. Tjerkstra, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, Opt. Lett. 30, 2430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Zhang and Z. Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 65, 155208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. Wiersma and S. Cavalier, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and P. R. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5282 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Opt. Commun. 162, 241 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

N. Lawandy, R. Balachandran, A. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1984

P. H. Chiu, S. Hsu, S. J. C. Box, and H.-S. Kowk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1968

V. S. Letokhov, Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 26, 835 (1968).

1966

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 442 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ambartsumyan, R. V.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 442 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Andreasen, J.

Apalkov, V. M.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, A. A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

Balachandran, R.

N. Lawandy, R. Balachandran, A. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Basov, N. G.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 442 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Opt. Commun. 162, 241 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5282 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Botten, L. C.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Box, S. J. C.

P. H. Chiu, S. Hsu, S. J. C. Box, and H.-S. Kowk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Burin, A. L.

Cao, H.

J. Andreasen and H. Cao, Opt. Express 19, 3418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, Opt. Lett. 30, 2430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and P. R. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Waves in Random Media (2003), Vol. 13, p. R1.

Cavalier, S.

D. Wiersma and S. Cavalier, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chabanov, A. A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, P. R. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and P. R. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, J. Shi, X. Kong, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Chen, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Shi, and D. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123508 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, P. H.

P. H. Chiu, S. Hsu, S. J. C. Box, and H.-S. Kowk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D. L.

X. Xu, K. Kim, H. Li, and D. L. Fan, Adv. Mater. 24, 5457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fang, W.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fong, H.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5282 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Opt. Commun. 162, 241 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ge, L.

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A.

N. Lawandy, R. Balachandran, A. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gouedard, C.

Hak, D.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and P. R. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, S.

P. H. Chiu, S. Hsu, S. J. C. Box, and H.-S. Kowk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hunsperger, R. G.

R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology (Springer Verlag, 2002).

Husson, D.

Jiang, C.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

X. Xu, K. Kim, H. Li, and D. L. Fan, Adv. Mater. 24, 5457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kong, X.

S. Chen, J. Shi, X. Kong, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kowk, H.-S.

P. H. Chiu, S. Hsu, S. J. C. Box, and H.-S. Kowk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 442 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

K. L. van der Molen, R. W. Tjerkstra, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N.

N. Lawandy, R. Balachandran, A. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

V. S. Letokhov, Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 26, 835 (1968).

R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 442 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

X. Xu, K. Kim, H. Li, and D. L. Fan, Adv. Mater. 24, 5457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

S. Chen, J. Shi, X. Kong, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Chen, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Shi, and D. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123508 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mingus, A.

Mosk, A. P.

K. L. van der Molen, R. W. Tjerkstra, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mujumdar, S.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Netzer, N. L.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Papadogiannis, N. A.

Papazoglou, T. G.

Pilippidis, G.

Qiu, C.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raikh, M. E.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, M.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, Nature 433, 725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rotter, S.

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Lawandy, R. Balachandran, A. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sebbah, P.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and P. R. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, B.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

S. Chen, J. Shi, X. Kong, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Chen, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Shi, and D. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123508 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stone, A. D.

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tjerkstra, R. W.

K. L. van der Molen, R. W. Tjerkstra, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torre, R.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Türeci, H. E.

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

van der Molen, K. L.

K. L. van der Molen, R. W. Tjerkstra, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vanneste, C.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Opt. Commun. 162, 241 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5282 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and P. R. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Chen, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Shi, and D. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123508 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

S. Chen, J. Shi, X. Kong, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiersma and S. Cavalier, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, Opt. Lett. 30, 2430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, K. Kim, H. Li, and D. L. Fan, Adv. Mater. 24, 5457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamilov, A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, Opt. Lett. 30, 2430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5282 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zacharakis, G.

Zakhidov, A. A.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5282 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Opt. Commun. 162, 241 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, T.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. D.

X. D. Zhang and Z. Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 65, 155208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

N. L. Netzer, C. Qiu, Y. Zhang, C. Lin, L. Zhang, H. Fong, and C. Jiang, Chem. Commun. 47, 9606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Q.

X. D. Zhang and Z. Q. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 65, 155208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

S. Chen, X. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Shi, and D. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123508 (2012).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM images of (a) Ag nanowires and (b) Ag–Au bimetallic porous nanowires as scatterers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured spectra of absorbance and fluorescence of the three laser dyes used. The dashed lines represent absorbance, and the solid lines represent fluorescence.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Thresholds of three random lasers formed by laser dyes and Ag–Au bimetallic nanowires.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup geometry of cascade-pumped random lasers. The left shows the layout, and the right shows the pumping sequence and experimental result.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Coherent emission spectra of cascade-pumped random lasers. (a) Three emission spectra measured by a spectrometer with a resolution of 0.4 nm. (b), (c), and (d) Sharp spikes of C440, C153, and R6G measured by a spectrometer with the resolution of 0.01 nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal profile of the emission of the random laser.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Absorbance and Fluorescence of Three Laser Dyes

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