Abstract

A simple and compact reflective refractometer based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) inscribed in an ultra-high photon-sensitive thin-core fiber is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The reflective refractometer utilizes a short piece of thin-core fiber containing one TFBG to ensure the recoupling of cladding modes. The reflection spectra occur in two well-defined wavelength bands that correspond to the Bragg core mode and cladding modes, respectively. It is found that the power of the collected cladding modes changes with the external refractive index (RI), while that of the Bragg core mode remains unaffected and can be used as the temperature reference. High RI sensitivity and temperature immunity of the proposed reflective refractometer are experimentally achieved.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

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[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

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L. Y. Shao, Y. Shevchenko, and J. Albert, Opt. Express 18, 11464 (2010).
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2008 (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

Laronche, A.

Ma, Y. Q.

Marchelli, R.

A. Candiani, M. Sozzi, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, R. Veneziano, R. Corradini, R. Marchelli, P. Childs, and S. Pissadakis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1176 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Meltz, G.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pissadakis, S.

A. Candiani, M. Sozzi, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, R. Veneziano, R. Corradini, R. Marchelli, P. Childs, and S. Pissadakis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1176 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Veneziano, R.

A. Candiani, M. Sozzi, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, R. Veneziano, R. Corradini, R. Marchelli, P. Childs, and S. Pissadakis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1176 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P. F.

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[CrossRef]

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Wu, Q.

Yan, B. B.

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Yu, C. X.

Zhang, A. P.

Y. B. Bai, A. P. Zhang, G. F. Yan, and S. L. He, Opt. Lett. 36, 4074 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, A. P. Zhang, S. L. He, and B. Gu, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Wang, A. P. Zhang, M. Jiang, B. Gu, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 46, 710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Gu, M. J. Yin, A. P. Zhang, J. W. Qian, and S. L. He, Opt. Express 17, 22296 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, A. P. Zhang, S. L. He, and B. Gu, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. C. Wang, A. P. Zhang, M. Jiang, B. Gu, and S. He, Electron. Lett. 46, 710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Candiani, M. Sozzi, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, R. Veneziano, R. Corradini, R. Marchelli, P. Childs, and S. Pissadakis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1176 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

B. Zhou, A. P. Zhang, S. L. He, and B. Gu, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. W. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. Albert, L. Y. Shao, and C. Caucheteur, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 83 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic configuration of the reflective refractometer and (b) the microscope image of the splicing region between two different fibers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Contour map of the beam propagation along SMF and UHNA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reflection spectrum of the proposed reflective refractometer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Response of the reflective refractometer versus the external RI. Inset shows the measured reflection spectra.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Response of the reflective refractometer versus the external temperature. Inset shows the measured reflection spectra.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison between the Proposed Reflective TFBG Sensor and Other Structures in Reported Literatures

Metrics