Abstract

We propose a simple achromatic terahertz wave plate composed of stacked parallel metal plates with a hole array. It consists of an ensemble of designed parallel plate waveguides; the high and low propagation speeds of waves in TE and TM waveguide modes with the same group velocity cause a constant phase difference over a wide frequency region. Using that wave plate, we obtained intense single- and multi-cycle THz pulses with circular polarization.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

H. L. Calvo, H. M. Pastawski, S. Roche, and L. E. F. Foa Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 232103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, A. Nag, F. Chen, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 1993 (2010).

2009 (4)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Shimano, H. Nishimura, and T. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L676 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

T. Nagashima and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3917 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aguilar, R. V.

Aoki, H.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arikawa, T.

Armitage, N. P.

Azzam, R. M. A.

Beigang, R.

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Belyanin, A. A.

Bessho, T.

Bingham, A.

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, H. L.

H. L. Calvo, H. M. Pastawski, S. Roche, and L. E. F. Foa Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 232103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

R. Mendis, A. Nag, F. Chen, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, J.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

Deguzman, P. C.

Dekorsy, T.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, M.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foa Torres, L. E. F.

H. L. Calvo, H. M. Pastawski, S. Roche, and L. E. F. Foa Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 232103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gallot, G.

Gong, Y.

B. Zhang, Y. Gong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (2013), paper Th P3-61.

Grischkowsky, D.

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hangyo, M.

T. Nagashima and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3917 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heinz, T. F.

Higuchi, T.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hirosumi, T.

Huber, R.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, Y.

Ikebe, Y.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Imhof, C.

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jewariya, M.

Kampfrath, T.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanda, N.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Klatt, G.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, K.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kono, J.

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lew, D. J.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, F.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mahrlein, S.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Masson, J.

Masutomi, R.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mendis, R.

R. Mendis, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 1993 (2010).

R. Mendis, A. Nag, F. Chen, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, Opt. Express 17, 14839 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Merchant, P.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Minamide, H.

B. Zhang, Y. Gong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (2013), paper Th P3-61.

Misawa, K.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

R. Mendis, A. Nag, F. Chen, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, Opt. Express 17, 14839 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, T.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morris, C. M.

Nag, A.

R. Mendis, A. Nag, F. Chen, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, M.

Nagashima, T.

T. Nagashima and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3917 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nemeth, D. T.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, H.

R. Shimano, H. Nishimura, and T. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L676 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nordin, G. P.

Notake, T.

B. Zhang, Y. Gong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (2013), paper Th P3-61.

Ohtake, H.

Okamoto, T.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, J.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Parks, B.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pashkin, A.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pastawski, H. M.

H. L. Calvo, H. M. Pastawski, S. Roche, and L. E. F. Foa Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 232103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paul, O.

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roche, S.

H. L. Calvo, H. M. Pastawski, S. Roche, and L. E. F. Foa Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 232103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

Sakai, K.

Sato, M.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

R. Shimano, H. Nishimura, and T. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L676 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sell, A.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shan, J.

Shimano, R.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Shimano, H. Nishimura, and T. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L676 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spielman, S.

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spinu, C. L.

Stier, A. V.

Sugiura, T.

Suzuki, T.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Syouji, A.

Tanaka, K.

Uehara, Y.

Wang, X.

Watanabe, S.

Weis, P.

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, M.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yasumatsu, N.

Yoshida, M.

Yoshioka, K.

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, Y. Gong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (2013), paper Th P3-61.

Zhao, Y.

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

T. Nagashima and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3917 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Calvo, H. M. Pastawski, S. Roche, and L. E. F. Foa Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 232103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, A. Nag, F. Chen, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

R. Mendis, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 1993 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Shimano, H. Nishimura, and T. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L676 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Sato, T. Higuchi, N. Kanda, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, T. Suzuki, K. Misawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Nat. Photonics 7, 724 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mahrlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, Nat. Photonics 5, 31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 256802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Parks, S. Spielman, J. Orenstein, D. T. Nemeth, F. Ludwig, J. Clarke, P. Merchant, and D. J. Lew, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3265 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. Zhang, Y. Gong, T. Notake, and H. Minamide, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (2013), paper Th P3-61.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the proposed wave plate operating in THz frequency range using a simple artificial medium composed of stacked parallel metal plates.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Phase shift of transmitted THz pulses passing through the proposed waveguide. Bold and dashed curves are plotted with the assumption of TE and TM waveguide modes, respectively. In this plot, we use the parameters of νc=0.1THz, ν0=1.5THz, L=10mm, and A=0.0022. Black thin curves represent the phase difference Δϕ.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a), (b) Photographs of the stacked metal plates forming the artificial medium. (c) Power spectra of incident THz pulses with a single cycle (black curve) and multiple cycles (green curve). (d) Experimental setup for the evaluation of the polarization components after they pass through the artificial medium.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Time profiles of THz pulses without (Er) and with (Es) the artificial medium for different polarization incidence orientations. Here, θ is the angle between the metal plates and the polarization of incident THz pulses. Bold and thin curves show the E and E components, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Complex transmittances Teiϕ of the artificial medium for θ=0° (blue curves) and 90° (red curves). We added the phase difference Δϕ as the lower curve.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Time profile of THz components with different polarizations E and E transmitted through the artificial medium with θ=45° and 135°. Incident pulses are multi-cycle (a, b) and single-cycle (c, d), respectively. Green curves show the trajectories of the electric field in the EE plane.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕTE=2πνLc(1(νcν)21),
ϕTM=2πνLc(1+Aν02ν02ν21).

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