Abstract

We report the laser ablation ignition of premixed methane and oxygen-enriched air mixtures using a tantalum target. The minimum laser pulse energy (MPE) of the ablation ignition was obtained as 2–4 mJ, which was reduced by one order of magnitude compared with that of the direct laser-induced gas breakdown ignition. The ignition time of the ablation ignition was investigated for the first time, to our best knowledge, by measuring the emission signal profiles due to the successfully ignited flames, and an ignition time as short as 50μs was obtained. The reduction in MPE will promote the miniaturization and, thus, the practical applications of laser ignition systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Lackner, S. Charareh, F. Winter, K. Iskra, D. Rüdisser, T. Neger, H. Kopecek, E. Wintner, Opt. Express 12, 4546 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. X. Phuoc, F. X. White, Combust. Flame 119, 203 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. D. Ronney, Opt. Eng. 33, 510 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. M. H. Morsy, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 16, 4849 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).
  9. E. Wintner, 3rd International Conference on the Frontiers of Plasma Physics and Technology, Bangkok (2007).
  10. M. H. Morsy, S. H. Chung, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 27, 491 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).
  12. M. L. Willi, in U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting, Washington D.C. (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.
  16. I. B. Gornushkin, U. Panne, Spectrochim. Acta 65, 345 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Malter, D. B. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 55, 743 (1939).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, D. H. McNeill, Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2012

M. H. Morsy, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 16, 4849 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

I. B. Gornushkin, U. Panne, Spectrochim. Acta 65, 345 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2004

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Lackner, S. Charareh, F. Winter, K. Iskra, D. Rüdisser, T. Neger, H. Kopecek, E. Wintner, Opt. Express 12, 4546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. L. Beduneau, B. Kim, L. Zimmer, Y. Ikeda, Combust. Flame 132, 653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Morsy, S. H. Chung, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 27, 491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, D. H. McNeill, Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

T. X. Phuoc, F. X. White, Combust. Flame 119, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

P. D. Ronney, Opt. Eng. 33, 510 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

F. B. Carleton, N. Klein, K. Krallis, F. J. Weinberg, Symp. Int. Combust. 23, 1323 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1939

L. Malter, D. B. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 55, 743 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, D. R.

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beduneau, J. L.

J. L. Beduneau, B. Kim, L. Zimmer, Y. Ikeda, Combust. Flame 132, 653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D.

D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carleton, F. B.

F. B. Carleton, N. Klein, K. Krallis, F. J. Weinberg, Symp. Int. Combust. 23, 1323 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Charareh, S.

Chung, S. H.

M. H. Morsy, S. H. Chung, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 27, 491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geringer, B.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Gornushkin, I. B.

I. B. Gornushkin, U. Panne, Spectrochim. Acta 65, 345 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Graf, J.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

Gupta, S.

S. Gupta, in U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting, Washington DC (2011).

Hasegawa, K.

K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.

Herdin, G.

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

Ikeda, Y.

J. L. Beduneau, B. Kim, L. Zimmer, Y. Ikeda, Combust. Flame 132, 653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iskra, K.

M. Lackner, S. Charareh, F. Winter, K. Iskra, D. Rüdisser, T. Neger, H. Kopecek, E. Wintner, Opt. Express 12, 4546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

Jetzinger, M.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Kapus, P.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Kim, B.

J. L. Beduneau, B. Kim, L. Zimmer, Y. Ikeda, Combust. Flame 132, 653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klausner, J.

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

Klawatsch, D.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Klein, N.

F. B. Carleton, N. Klein, K. Krallis, F. J. Weinberg, Symp. Int. Combust. 23, 1323 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kopecek, H.

Krallis, K.

F. B. Carleton, N. Klein, K. Krallis, F. J. Weinberg, Symp. Int. Combust. 23, 1323 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kumakawa, A.

K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.

Kusaka, K.

K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.

Lackner, M.

Langmuir, D. B.

L. Malter, D. B. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 55, 743 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, H. P.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Liedl, G.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Ma, J. X.

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malter, L.

L. Malter, D. B. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 55, 743 (1939).
[CrossRef]

McNeill, D. H.

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, D. H. McNeill, Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morsy, M. H.

M. H. Morsy, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 16, 4849 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Morsy, S. H. Chung, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 27, 491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neger, T.

Panne, U.

I. B. Gornushkin, U. Panne, Spectrochim. Acta 65, 345 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phuoc, T. X.

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, D. H. McNeill, Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. X. Phuoc, F. X. White, Combust. Flame 119, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Piock, W. F.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Poulain, D. E.

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ronney, P. D.

P. D. Ronney, Opt. Eng. 33, 510 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rüdisser, D.

Sato, M.

K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.

Schuocker, D.

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Sheppard, C. G. W.

D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suardjaja, I. M.

D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tadano, M.

K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.

Weinberg, F. J.

F. B. Carleton, N. Klein, K. Krallis, F. J. Weinberg, Symp. Int. Combust. 23, 1323 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weinrotter, M.

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

White, C. M.

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, D. H. McNeill, Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

White, F. X.

T. X. Phuoc, F. X. White, Combust. Flame 119, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Willi, M. L.

M. L. Willi, in U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting, Washington D.C. (2011).

Winter, F.

Wintner, E.

M. Lackner, S. Charareh, F. Winter, K. Iskra, D. Rüdisser, T. Neger, H. Kopecek, E. Wintner, Opt. Express 12, 4546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Wintner, 3rd International Conference on the Frontiers of Plasma Physics and Technology, Bangkok (2007).

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

Woolley, R.

D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zimmer, L.

J. L. Beduneau, B. Kim, L. Zimmer, Y. Ikeda, Combust. Flame 132, 653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame

J. X. Ma, D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, Combust. Flame 112, 492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Bradley, C. G. W. Sheppard, I. M. Suardjaja, R. Woolley, Combust. Flame 138, 55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. X. Phuoc, F. X. White, Combust. Flame 119, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Beduneau, B. Kim, L. Zimmer, Y. Ikeda, Combust. Flame 132, 653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci.

M. H. Morsy, S. H. Chung, Exp. Therm. Fluid. Sci. 27, 491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

P. D. Ronney, Opt. Eng. 33, 510 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Eng.

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, D. H. McNeill, Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

L. Malter, D. B. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 55, 743 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

G. Liedl, D. Schuocker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 5777, 955 (2004).

Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev.

M. H. Morsy, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 16, 4849 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta

I. B. Gornushkin, U. Panne, Spectrochim. Acta 65, 345 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Symp. Int. Combust.

F. B. Carleton, N. Klein, K. Krallis, F. J. Weinberg, Symp. Int. Combust. 23, 1323 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Hasegawa, K. Kusaka, A. Kumakawa, M. Sato, M. Tadano, 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (AIAA, Huntsville, Alabama, 2003), paper 2003-4906.

M. L. Willi, in U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting, Washington D.C. (2011).

S. Gupta, in U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting, Washington DC (2011).

G. Herdin, J. Klausner, E. Wintner, M. Weinrotter, J. Graf, K. Iskra, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference: AERS-ARICE Symposium on Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines, Ottawa, Canada (2005).

E. Wintner, 3rd International Conference on the Frontiers of Plasma Physics and Technology, Bangkok (2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental apparatus for the laser ablation ignition of the premixed methane and oxygen-enriched air mixtures.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical measured PMT signal profile of a successful ignition event with an equivalence ratio of 0.8 and the definition of the ignition time. The flame blows out 1.25ms after being ignited due to the too lean equivalence ratio.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Comparison of the MPE of the ablation ignition and the MIE of the gas breakdown ignition. (b) Comparison of the MPE of the ablation ignition and the gas breakdown ignition.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Ignition time for ablation ignition of the premixed methane and oxygen-enriched air mixtures with different equivalence ratios.

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