Abstract

A novel system of optical see-through augmented reality (AR) is proposed by making use of a holographic optical element (HOE) with full-color and lens-array functions. The full-color lens-array HOE provides see-through property with three-dimensional (3D) virtual images, for it functions as a conventional lens array only for Bragg-matched lights. An HOE recording setup was built, and it recorded a 30mm×60mm sized full-color lens-array HOE by using the techniques of spatial multiplexing for large-area recording and wavelength multiplexing for full-color imaging. The experimental results confirm that the suggested full-color lens-array HOE can provide the full-color 3D virtual images in the optical see-through AR system.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (2)

B. Lee, Phys. Today 66(4), 36 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

J. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 51, 4201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, and B. Lee, SID Symposium Digest 43, 883 (2012).

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

J. Hong, Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, J.-H. Hong, S.-W. Min, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, Opt. Express 18, 20628 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. W. F. van Krevelen and R. Poelman, Int. J. Virtual Reality 9, 1 (2010).

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

H. Takahashi and S. Hirooka, Proc. SPIE 6803, 68031N (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mukawa, K. Akutsu, I. Matsumura, and S. Nakano, SID Symposium Digest 39, 89 (2008).

2003 (1)

1997 (1)

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Milgram, H. Takemura, A. Utsumi, and F. Kishino, Proc. SPIE 2351, 282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

S. Nagata, Proc. SID 25, 239 (1984).

Akutsu, K.

H. Mukawa, K. Akutsu, I. Matsumura, and S. Nakano, SID Symposium Digest 39, 89 (2008).

Ando, H.

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Blaya, S.

Bruder, F. K.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brug, J.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Carretero, L.

Coufal, H. J.

H. J. Coufal, G. T. Sincerbox, and D. Psaltis, Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Deuber, F.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fäcke, T.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fimia, A.

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, R.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, S.

H. Takahashi and S. Hirooka, Proc. SPIE 6803, 68031N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hönel, D.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

J. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 51, 4201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Hong, Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, J.-H. Hong, S.-W. Min, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, Opt. Express 18, 20628 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Hong, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DM2C.6.

Hong, J.-H.

Hong, K.

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, and B. Lee, SID Symposium Digest 43, 883 (2012).

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 48, H77 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Hong, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DM2C.6.

Jung, J.-H.

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, and B. Lee, SID Symposium Digest 43, 883 (2012).

Jurbergs, D.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kajiki, Y.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwada, S.

Kim, Y.

Kishino, F.

P. Milgram, H. Takemura, A. Utsumi, and F. Kishino, Proc. SPIE 2351, 282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

B. Lee, Phys. Today 66(4), 36 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 51, 4201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, and B. Lee, SID Symposium Digest 43, 883 (2012).

J. Hong, Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, J.-H. Hong, S.-W. Min, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, Opt. Express 18, 20628 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 48, H77 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Hong, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DM2C.6.

Lee, S.-D.

Madrigal, R.

Matsumura, I.

H. Mukawa, K. Akutsu, I. Matsumura, and S. Nakano, SID Symposium Digest 39, 89 (2008).

Milgram, P.

P. Milgram, H. Takemura, A. Utsumi, and F. Kishino, Proc. SPIE 2351, 282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Min, S.-W.

Mukawa, H.

H. Mukawa, K. Akutsu, I. Matsumura, and S. Nakano, SID Symposium Digest 39, 89 (2008).

Nagata, S.

S. Nagata, Proc. SID 25, 239 (1984).

Nakamura, K.

Nakano, S.

H. Mukawa, K. Akutsu, I. Matsumura, and S. Nakano, SID Symposium Digest 39, 89 (2008).

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.-G.

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Poelman, R.

D. W. F. van Krevelen and R. Poelman, Int. J. Virtual Reality 9, 1 (2010).

Psaltis, D.

H. J. Coufal, G. T. Sincerbox, and D. Psaltis, Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Rölle, T.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sincerbox, G. T.

H. J. Coufal, G. T. Sincerbox, and D. Psaltis, Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Syms, R. R. A.

R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, 1990).

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi and S. Hirooka, Proc. SPIE 6803, 68031N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takaki, Y.

Takemura, H.

P. Milgram, H. Takemura, A. Utsumi, and F. Kishino, Proc. SPIE 2351, 282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ulibarrena, M.

Urano, Y.

Utsumi, A.

P. Milgram, H. Takemura, A. Utsumi, and F. Kishino, Proc. SPIE 2351, 282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van Krevelen, D. W. F.

D. W. F. van Krevelen and R. Poelman, Int. J. Virtual Reality 9, 1 (2010).

Vo, S.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Weiser, M. S.

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, J.

K. Hong, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DM2C.6.

Yoshikawa, H.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Int. J. Virtual Reality (1)

D. W. F. van Krevelen and R. Poelman, Int. J. Virtual Reality 9, 1 (2010).

Nature (1)

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 348 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Today (1)

B. Lee, Phys. Today 66(4), 36 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SID (1)

S. Nagata, Proc. SID 25, 239 (1984).

Proc. SPIE (4)

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. K. Bruder, F. Deuber, T. Fäcke, R. Hagen, D. Hönel, D. Jurbergs, T. Rölle, and M. S. Weiser, Proc. SPIE 7619, 76190I (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi and S. Hirooka, Proc. SPIE 6803, 68031N (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Milgram, H. Takemura, A. Utsumi, and F. Kishino, Proc. SPIE 2351, 282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

SID Symposium Digest (2)

H. Mukawa, K. Akutsu, I. Matsumura, and S. Nakano, SID Symposium Digest 39, 89 (2008).

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, and B. Lee, SID Symposium Digest 43, 883 (2012).

Other (3)

H. J. Coufal, G. T. Sincerbox, and D. Psaltis, Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, 1990).

K. Hong, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DM2C.6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principles of (a) recording and (b) displaying for the lens-array HOE.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for recording the full-color lens-array HOE: (a) schematic diagram and (b) photograph of its optical arrangement.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmittance and reflectance of the recorded full-color lens-array HOE measured in the display experiments according to wavelengths. The inset describes the beam paths on the HOE for measuring the diffraction efficiency.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Experimental setup for displaying 3D virtual images in the proposed optical see-through AR system. (b) The elemental images for three characters (S, N, and U) projected on the lens-array HOE for 3D virtual imaging.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Perspective see-through 3D virtual images of three characters (S, N, and U) with a real object cube for a background, which were captured from five different view positions in the display experiments.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured Values of Transmittance, Reflectance, and Diffraction Efficiency for Red, Green, and Blue Colors Displayed by the Recorded Full-Color Lens-Array HOE

Equations (1)

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DE=100TR,

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