Abstract

We report the observation of near-perfect light wave transfer by emulating quantum state transfer on a lattice with Hamiltonian dynamics, i.e., time-dependent intersite couplings. The structure transferring a single waveguide excitation over 11 sites with a fidelity of 0.93 works for classical light as well as single photons. As our implementation of perfect quantum state transfer uses a photonic setting, we introduce polarization as a new degree of freedom to the transport protocol. We demonstrate rotation operations of up to 40° on polarization during state transfer.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Steane, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 117 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Bellec, G. M. Nikolopoulos, and S. Tzortzakis, Opt. Lett. 37, 4504 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Kay, Int. J. Quantum. Inform. 8, 641 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Ronke, T. P. Spiller, and I. D’Amico, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012325 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. L. Haselgrove, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062326 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Kay, Phys. Rev. A 79, 042330 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Kay and P. J. Pemberton-Ross, Phys. Rev. A 81, 010301(R) (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Lloyd, A. J. Landahl, and J. J. E. Slotine, Phys. Rev. A 69, 012305 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. J. Osborne and N. Linden, Phys. Rev. A 69, 052315 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Szameit and S. Nolte, J. Phys. B 43, 163001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. A. Fernandes, J. R. Grenier, P. R. Herman, J. S. Aitchison, and P. V. S. Marques, Opt. Express 20, 24103 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

R. Ronke, T. P. Spiller, and I. D’Amico, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012325 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

A. Kay, Int. J. Quantum. Inform. 8, 641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kay and P. J. Pemberton-Ross, Phys. Rev. A 81, 010301(R) (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit and S. Nolte, J. Phys. B 43, 163001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. Kay, Phys. Rev. A 79, 042330 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. L. Haselgrove, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M. Christandl, N. Datta, A. Ekert, and A. J. Landahl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Osborne and N. Linden, Phys. Rev. A 69, 052315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Lloyd, A. J. Landahl, and J. J. E. Slotine, Phys. Rev. A 69, 012305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Bose, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 207901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Steane, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 117 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

L. A. Fernandes, J. R. Grenier, P. R. Herman, J. S. Aitchison, and P. V. S. Marques, Opt. Express 20, 24103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bellec, M.

Bose, S.

S. Bose, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 207901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Christandl, M.

M. Christandl, N. Datta, A. Ekert, and A. J. Landahl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ciret, C.

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Coda, V.

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Coppa, A.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D’Amico, I.

R. Ronke, T. P. Spiller, and I. D’Amico, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012325 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Datta, N.

M. Christandl, N. Datta, A. Ekert, and A. J. Landahl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Della Valle, G.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dreisow, F.

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, H. S.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

M. Christandl, N. Datta, A. Ekert, and A. J. Landahl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fernandes, L. A.

Foglietti, V.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grenier, J. R.

Hartung, H.

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haselgrove, H. L.

H. L. Haselgrove, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

Kay, A.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Kay, Int. J. Quantum. Inform. 8, 641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kay and P. J. Pemberton-Ross, Phys. Rev. A 81, 010301(R) (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kay, Phys. Rev. A 79, 042330 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Keil, R.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kwek, L.-C.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ladd, T. D.

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laflamme, R.

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Landahl, A. J.

M. Christandl, N. Datta, A. Ekert, and A. J. Landahl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Lloyd, A. J. Landahl, and J. J. E. Slotine, Phys. Rev. A 69, 012305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lelezko, F.

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Linden, N.

T. J. Osborne and N. Linden, Phys. Rev. A 69, 052315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd, S.

S. Lloyd, A. J. Landahl, and J. J. E. Slotine, Phys. Rev. A 69, 012305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Longhi, S.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marques, P. V. S.

Monroe, C.

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Montemezzani, G.

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moya-Cessa, H.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, Y.

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nikolopoulos, G. M.

Nolte, S.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit and S. Nolte, J. Phys. B 43, 163001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. L.

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ornigotti, M.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osborne, T. J.

T. J. Osborne and N. Linden, Phys. Rev. A 69, 052315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pemberton-Ross, P. J.

A. Kay and P. J. Pemberton-Ross, Phys. Rev. A 81, 010301(R) (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Leija, A.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

Rangelov, A. A.

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Lara, B. M.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ronke, R.

R. Ronke, T. P. Spiller, and I. D’Amico, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012325 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Slotine, J. J. E.

S. Lloyd, A. J. Landahl, and J. J. E. Slotine, Phys. Rev. A 69, 012305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spiller, T. P.

R. Ronke, T. P. Spiller, and I. D’Amico, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012325 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steane, A.

A. Steane, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 117 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Szameit, A.

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit and S. Nolte, J. Phys. B 43, 163001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toney Fernandez, T.

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tuennermann, A.

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Della Valle, M. Ornigotti, T. Toney Fernandez, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, A. Coppa, and V. Foglietti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and F. Lederer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Quantum. Inform. (1)

A. Kay, Int. J. Quantum. Inform. 8, 641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (1)

A. Szameit and S. Nolte, J. Phys. B 43, 163001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. D. Ladd, F. Lelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, Nature 464, 45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (8)

A. Perez-Leija, R. Keil, A. Kay, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, L.-C. Kwek, B. M. Rodriguez-Lara, A. Szameit, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012309 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Ronke, T. P. Spiller, and I. D’Amico, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012325 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Haselgrove, Phys. Rev. A 72, 062326 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Kay, Phys. Rev. A 79, 042330 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kay and P. J. Pemberton-Ross, Phys. Rev. A 81, 010301(R) (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Lloyd, A. J. Landahl, and J. J. E. Slotine, Phys. Rev. A 69, 012305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Osborne and N. Linden, Phys. Rev. A 69, 052315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciret, V. Coda, A. A. Rangelov, D. N. Neshev, and G. Montemezzani, Phys. Rev. A 87, 013806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Bose, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 207901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Christandl, N. Datta, A. Ekert, and A. J. Landahl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

A. Steane, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 117 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Coupling distribution of the time-dependent state transfer model. The picture shows the qubit chain just after the initiation of state transfer. (b) The waveguide structure that emulates the excitation evolution in the spin chain.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Central image depicts the excitation dynamics in a waveguide structure with N=11 and T=100mm. The plots to the left and right show couplings CA and CB, respectively, as functions of the propagation direction.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fluorescence microscopy images of the excitation transfer. The small red arrow shows the position of the light input. The horizontal polarization of the input light is indicated by the white arrow in the upper right corner.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Couplings CV and CH of vertically and horizontally polarized light, respectively, as functions of waveguide separation. The symbols are measured data, whereas the solid lines show the exponential fit according to Eq. (2).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Red data points show the relative angle of the analyzer (α) for which the power measured in the receiver waveguide is highest, i.e., the angle between the input and the output polarization, in dependence on the separation between the edge waveguides and the ghosts. Each of the blue data points gives the fidelity for that analyzer angle. The inset shows the power in the receiver waveguide as a function of the polarizer angle measured in the structure, with a 14.6 μm separation between the ghosts and edge.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

|ψn=an(t)|1+bn(t)|0(n=1,,N),
C=κ·exp{d/δ},
Φn(z)=1Δπeiπ2ne12(nx02CzΔ)2,
CA=Γ1e12(2Cz+x01Δ)2[1Γ2(1+erf{2Cz+x010.5Δ})]1/2,
Γ1CΔπ,
Γ212e14Δ2,
erf(x)2π0xet2dt.
CB(z)=CA(Tz).
2CT=N+12x0.

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