Abstract

We report the experimental observation of self-induced modulation instability (MI) in a Brillouin fiber laser made with a solid-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with strong anomalous dispersion. We identify this MI as the result of parametric amplification of optical sidebands generated by guided acoustic modes within the core of the PCF. It is further shown that MI leads to passive harmonic mode locking and to the generation of a picosecond pulse train at a repetition rate of 1.15 GHz which matches the acoustic frequency of the fundamental acoustic mode of the PCF.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

2010

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, Laser Phys. 20, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, Opt. Express 14, 4141 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

1997

1996

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1991

1985

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, Laser Phys. 20, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, U. L.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bahloul, D.

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Besnard, P.

Beugnot, J.-C.

Blake, M.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bongrand, I.

Botineau, J.

Brilland, L.

Carry, E.

Cheval, G.

Coen, S.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, P.

Delqué, M.

Elser, D.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Emplit, P.

Ezekiel, S.

Fotiadi, A. A.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. Lopez-Mercado, P. Megret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H. L.

Geng, J.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glöckl, O.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gray, S.

Grudinin, A. B.

Haelterman, M.

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, Laser Phys. 20, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

Joly, N. Y.

Kang, M. S.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Khelif, A.

Korn, A.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laude, V.

Lee, M. W.

Leguillon, Y.

Leuchs, G.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Lopez-Mercado, C. A.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. Lopez-Mercado, P. Megret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lorenz, S.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maillotte, H.

Marquardt, C.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Méchin, D.

Megret, P.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. Lopez-Mercado, P. Megret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mélin, G.

Menyuk, C. R.

Molin, S.

Montes, C.

Nakazawa, M.

Payne, D. N.

Picholle, E.

Picozzi, A.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Russell, P. St. J.

Shahi, S.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, Laser Phys. 20, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. P.

Spirin, V. V.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. Lopez-Mercado, P. Megret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Staines, S.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stiller, B.

Sylvestre, T.

Toupin, P.

Tow, K. H.

Trégoat, D.

Troles, J.

Wang, Z.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wiederhecker, G. S.

Yoshida, E.

Zarinetchi, F.

Zong, J.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, Laser Phys. 20, 716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. Lopez-Mercado, P. Megret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the BFL. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer (20 MHz resolution); PC, polarization controller; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; PCF, photonic crystal fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Brillouin laser output power with increasing input pump power; optical spectra of the laser output for pump power (b) Pin=13.6dBm, (c) Pin=29.7dBm, and (d) Pin=30.8dBm. The resolution is 20 MHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Experiment: rf spectrum recorded at the PCF output showing the GAWBS spectrum with a dominant peak at 1.15 GHz. Inset: PCF cross section. (b) Theory: numerical simulations of the elasto-optic coefficient. Inset: strain energy density of the acoustic mode at 1.15 GHz.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Oscilloscope traces of the laser output showing the pulse formation with (a) 655 ns repetition rate and 38 ns width at 29.7 dBm, (c) 870 ps repetition rate and 430 ps width at 30.8 dBm; (b), (d) FFT of the time traces in (a) and (c).

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